Peter Jackson (boxer)
Peter Jackson in 1889
|Real name||Peter Jackson|
|Nickname(s)||Peter the Great, Black Prince|
|Born||3 July 1861|
Christiansted, Danish West Indies
|Died||13 July 1901 (aged 40)|
Roma, Queensland, Australia
|Wins by KO||29|
Peter Jackson (3 July 1861 – 13 July 1901) was an Australian heavyweight boxer who had a significant international career. Jackson was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in the inaugural 1990 class, as well as being the 2004 inductee for the Australian National Boxing Hall of Fame in the Pioneers category.
Jackson was born in Christiansted on the island Saint Croix, which was then the capital of the Danish West Indies. (Subsequently part of the U.S. Virgin Islands.) His family originally came from Montego Bay, Jamaica. His father, also called Peter Jackson, was a warehouseman and the grandson of a freed slave who had been owned by a planter with the surname of Jackson. Born a free man, Peter was in principle (at least) a Danish citizen before he gained Australian citizenship. Jackson had a good primary school education before becoming a mariner. Originally working on ships as a deckhand in the Sydney Docks since he was 14, he used his fists to quell a mutiny. This garnered him some notoriety and brought him to the attention of Larry Foley which started his career in boxing.
Jackson won the Australian heavyweight title in 1886 with a knockout of Tom Lees in the 30th round. Jackson was at one stage a pupil of "The Black Diamond" Jack Dowridge, a Barbadian Immigrant who pioneered boxing in Queensland, Australia. Among Dowridge's other pupils was "Gentleman Jack" John Reid McGowan, a fellow Australian National Boxing Hall of Fame Inductee. After establishing his boxing career, and like many of Australia's best boxers of this era, Jackson left for America. He arrived in San Francisco in May 12, 1888. and promptly beat "Old Chocolate" Godfrey to gain the world 'colored' heavyweight championship. During his stay in America, Jackson frequently sparred with Lees. Jackson would become an instructor at the California Athletic Club in San Francisco. He was considered one of the most "scientific" boxers of his day due to his footwork and technical proficiency.
Jackson would once again embark on to strange lands after a year in America, leaving that country for Great Britain. Jackson fought for a 1,000 pounds and the inaugural British Commonwealth title against Jem Smith, winning due to the latter's use of wrestling tactics in the second round. Later that year, during a short stay in Dublin, Jackson challenged anyone to stay in the ring with him for 4 rounds. Local champion Peter Maher, who was 20 years old at the time, was the man who took up his bet. Jackson thoroughly beat him in 3 rounds. Maher would go on to have a successful career, winning over 100 bouts. During Jackson's later years there was talk of a rematch against Maher that never materialized.
Jackson repeatedly tried to secure a fight against world champion John L. Sullivan to no avail. Sullivan cited the color bar as the reason for his refusal, claiming he would never fight a black man. On 21 May 1891, in Benicia, California Jackson fought the future world champion James Corbett. The match with Corbett went 61 rounds before it was declared no contest, as both boxers were too exhausted to continue. Jackson's last defense of his Commonwealth title came against his long-time rival and fellow Australian Frank Slavin. Both Slavin and Jackson had trained under Larry Foley and a real feud had existed between them for several years, due to Slavin's racism and a romantic triangle with a woman named Josie Leon. Although they had brawled before, this was the first and only professional bout between them. After a frenetic start to the fight, Jackson would gain the upper hand en route to a 10th-round knockout of Slavin.
After a long hiatus in which he only took part in exhibitions, he lost a bout to the powerfully built James J. Jeffries. Jeffries was another great boxer who would hold the championship of the world in the early 1900s.
Life after boxing
Jackson gained some fame during his stay in America. He stated his desire to play Othello, but it never came to fruition. However, he starred in a touring production of Uncle Tom's Cabin. Despite his celebrity, Jackson would run into financial troubles following his retirement from the ring. Jackson's health rapidly decayed following his bout against Jeffries, making it impossible for him to box. Several benefits were held in order to send him back to Australia.
Jackson died of tuberculosis in Roma, Queensland and was buried at Toowong Cemetery. A short time after becoming the first black heavyweight champion of the world in 1908, "The Galveston Giant" Jack Johnson, made a pilgrimage to Jackson's grave, a measure of the respect in which the man was held not only in Queensland, but in the boxing community worldwide. Jackson's tomb is emblazoned with the words "This was a man".
Professional boxing record
|52 fights||42 wins||5 losses|
|71||Loss||42-5-3 (2)||Jim Jeffords||TKO||4||Aug 23, 1899||Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada|
|70||Loss||42-4-3 (2)||James J. Jeffries||KO||2||Mar 22, 1899||San Francisco, California, USA|
|69||Win||N/A||Denny Kelliher||NWS||3||Nov 28, 1892||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA|
|68||Win||42-3-3 (2)||Frank Slavin||KO||10||May 30, 1892||National Sporting Club, London, United Kingdom||Retained Commonwealth heavyweight title|
|67||Win||41-3-3 (2)||Joe Butler||PTS||3||Feb 17, 1892||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA|
|66||Win||40-3-3 (2)||Jack King||TKO||2||Jan 12, 1892||Chicago, Illinois, USA|
|65||Win||39-3-3 (2)||James Dalton||KO||3||Jan 12, 1892||Chicago, Illinois, USA|
|64||N/A||38-3-3 (2)||James J. Corbett||NC||61||May 21, 1891||California A.C., San Francisco, California, USA|
|63||Draw||N/A||Mick Dooley||NWS||4||Nov 19, 1890||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia|
|62||Draw||38-3-3 (1)||Joe Goddard||PTS||8||Oct 20, 1890||Melbourne, Victoria, Australia||Retained Commonwealth heavyweight title|
|61||Draw||N/A||Martin Costello||NWS||4||Sep 18, 1890||Adelaide, South Australia, Australia|
|60||Win||N/A||Mick O'Brien||NWS||4||Sep 13, 1890||Melbourne, Victoria, Australia|
|59||Draw||N/A||Martin Costello||NWS||4||Sep 9, 1890||Melbourne, Victoria, Australia|
|58||Draw||N/A||Martin Costello||NWS||4||Sep 8, 1890||Melbourne, Victoria, Australia|
|57||Draw||N/A||Mick Dooley||NWS||3||Sep 2, 1890||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia|
|56||Draw||N/A||Mick Dooley||NWS||4||Aug 30, 1890||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia|
|55||Win||38-3-2 (1)||Tom Johnson||PTS||4||Jul 22, 1890||Marysville, California, USA|
|54||Win||37-3-2 (1)||"Denver" Ed Smith||TKO||5||May 19, 1890||Chicago, Illinois, USA|
|53||Win||36-3-2 (1)||Dick Keating||KO||1||Apr 1890||Louisville, Kentucky, USA|
|52||N/A||35-3-2 (1)||Jack Fallon||NC||2||Mar 04, 1890||Brooklyn, New York, USA|
|51||Win||35-3-2||Guy the Gypsy||KO||2||Feb 21, 1890||Washington, District of Columbia, USA|
|50||Win||34-3-2||James J. Walker||KO||1||Feb 20, 1890||Washington, District of Columbia, USA|
|49||Win||33-3-2||Peter Maher||RTD||3||Dec 24, 1889||Leinster Hall, Dublin, Ireland|
|48||Win||32-3-2||W Woodhams||TKO||3||Dec 2, 1889||Brighton, United Kingdom|
|47||Win||31-3-2||Scotchy Gunn||PTS||4||Dec 2, 1889||Brighton, United Kingdom|
|46||Win||30-3-2||Woolf Bendoff||TKO||2||Nov 29, 1889||Portsmouth, United Kingdom|
|45||Win||29-3-2||Sailor White||TKO||3||Nov 29, 1889||Portsmouth, United Kingdom|
|44||Win||28-3-2||Skinner||DQ||2||Nov 27, 1889||Plymouth, United Kingdom|
|43||Win||27-3-2||Charles Burgin||TKO||2||Nov 23, 1889||London, United Kingdom|
|42||Win||26-3-2||Horace Horrigan||TKO||2||Nov 21, 1889||Astley's Amphitheatre, London, United Kingdom|
|41||Win||25-3-2||Jem Smith||DQ||2||Nov 11, 1889||London, United Kingdom||Won Commonwealth heavyweight title|
|40||Win||24-3-2||Alf Mitchell||PTS||4||Oct 15, 1889||Astley's Amphitheatre, London, United Kingdom|
|39||Win||23-3-2||Alf Ball||KO||2||Oct 15, 1889||Astley's Amphitheatre, London, United Kingdom|
|38||Win||22-3-2||Jem Young||PTS||4||Oct 14, 1889||Astley's Amphitheatre, London, United Kingdom|
|37||Win||21-3-2||Jack Partridge||KO||3||Oct 7, 1889||Astley's Amphitheatre, London, United Kingdom|
|36||Win||20-3-2||Jack Fallon||PTS||4||Aug 19, 1889||New York City, New York, USA|
|35||Win||19-3-2||James Ginger McCormick||KO||2||Aug 9, 1889||Hoboken, New Jersey, USA|
|34||Win||18-3-2||Billy Baker||RTD||3||Aug 8, 1889||Hoboken, New Jersey, USA|
|33||Win||17-3-2||Paddy Brennan||TKO||1||Aug 5, 1889||Buffalo, New York, USA|
|32||Win||16-3-2||Tom Lynch||DQ||2||Jul 30, 1889||Buffalo, New York, USA|
|31||Win||15-3-2||Billy Baker||PTS||4||Jul 29, 1889||Buffalo, New York, USA|
|30||Win||14-3-2||George Peters||TKO||3||Jul 25, 1889||Detroit, Michigan, USA|
|29||Win||13-3-2||Charles Brown||TKO||4||Jul 11, 1889||Chicago, Illinois, USA|
|28||Win||12-3-2||Shorty Kincaid||TKO||2||May 11, 1889||Virginia City, Nevada, USA|
|27||Win||11-3-2||Patsy Cardiff||TKO||10||Apr 26, 1889||California A.C., San Francisco, California, USA|
|26||Win||10-3-2||Joe McAuliffe||KO||24||Dec 28, 1888||California A.C., San Francisco, California, USA|
|25||Win||9-3-2||George Godfrey||TKO||19||Aug 24, 1888||California A.C., San Francisco, California, USA||Won the World Colored Heavyweight Championship|
|24||Win||8-3-2||MJ Sullivan||KO||2||June 20, 1888||San Francisco, California, USA|
- Petersen, Bob (2011). "Tropical Danish, 1860-1879". Peter Jackson: A Biography of the Australian Heavyweight Champion, 1860-1901. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 5. ISBN 9780786458813. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
- 'BLACK PRINCE PETER'
- Broome, Richard (1983). "Jackson, Peter (1861–1901)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 22 March 2008 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
- "Peter Jackson wants to play Othello". The San Francisco Call. 30 January 1893. Retrieved 28 July 2017.
- Peter Jackson - "The Black Prince" by Tony DeBolfo
- Boxing: Australian National Boxing Hall of Fame - Peter Jackson
- Boxing: The Best Heavyweights to Never Get a Title Shot at the Wayback Machine (archived 4 March 2005)
- IBHOF / Peter Jackson
- Peter Jackson at the Wayback Machine (archived 27 October 2009)
- Boxing record for Peter Jackson from BoxRec
- Jackson, Peter — Brisbane City Council Grave Location Search
- Peter Jackson: A Biography of the Australian Heavyweight Champion, 1860–1901 by Bob Petersen 
|Awards and achievements|
| Australian Heavyweight Champion
25 September 1886 - 1888
Won vacant title
| World Colored Heavyweight Champion
24 August 1888 - 1896
Won vacant title