Peter Kennard

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Kennard's "Photo Op" work seen in Santa's Grotto exhibition, London (2011)

Peter Kennard (born 17 February 1949[1]) is a London born and based photomontage artist and Senior Research Reader in Photography, Art and the Public Domain[2] at the Royal College of Art.[3] Seeking to reflect his involvement in the anti-Vietnam War movement, he turned from painting to photomontage to better address his political views. He is best known for the images he created for the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) in the 1970s–80s including a détournement of John Constable's Hay Wain called "Haywain with Cruise Missiles".[4]

Because many of the left-wing organisations and publications he used to work with have disappeared, Kennard has turned to using exhibitions, books and the internet for his work.[5]

Kennard has work in the public collections of several major London museums and the The Arts Council of England.[3] He has his work displayed as part of Tate Britain's permanent collection and is on public view as part of 2013's rehang "A Walk Through British Art".[6]

Education[edit]

Kennard originally trained as a painter at the Byam Shaw School of Art and the Slade School of Fine Art, University College London and later at the Royal College of Art, where he is now Senior Research Reader in Photography, Art, and the Public Domain.[5]

Exhibitions and projects[edit]

Peter Kennard abandoned painting in the 1970s in search of new forms of expression that could bring art and politics together for a wider audience. This search has resulted in making photomontage and installation work over many years covering major political events.[3] The visual language he has developed to the present day uses common news imagery, photojournalism and the face.[7] He has often worked in collaboration with writers, photographers, filmmakers and artists such as Peter Reading, John Pilger and Jenny Matthews.

"Dispatches from An Unofficial War Artist" is his autobiography and was published in 2000. In it, Kennard writes about the possibilities of undertaking an aesthetic practice in relation to social change, and considers how his art has interacted with the politics of actual events. The narrative is thematic rather than chronological, showing how a visual motif can be re-used in different contexts. Kennard's original artwork is often reproduced alongside the newspaper or poster in which it appeared. [8]

Kennard produced a body of work addressing the second Iraq War in 2002.[9] John Berger has said of this work:

In these memorable images, in these images that refuse to be forgotten, go very close to the griefs being inflicted – they are still-lifes of grief, and, at the same time includes the time-scale of the mountain. They are the opposite of news flashes. They are full of history's irony, fury and anger at the mistakes made in its name. They reveal the tawdriness of the Gang's half-truths. They acknowledge the pain of what is happening. They might be quoting Simone Weil who wrote: "There is a natural alliance between truth and affliction, because both of them are mute supplicants, eternally condemned to stand speechless in our presence." And they are exemplary because, in face of such inevitable speechlessness, they remind us of the need to speak out in protest, the protests of the dead and the living.[10]

Kennard's 2003 photomontage "Photo Op", of Tony Blair taking a selfie against a backdrop of burning oil, was described by The Guardian as "the definitive work of art about the war".[11] It was created in Photoshop using an image of Blair taking a selfie during the 2005 General Election campaign. Kennard says he was trying to change the world, commenting "We were trying to portray Iraq as it happened and not wait until afterwards and make a history painting."[11]

One of Kennard's latest projects is 2011's @earth, a story without words told in the language of photomontage.[12] It takes the form of a small book priced at £9.99, published by the Tate Gallery, which Kennard believed was a reasonably cheap and accessible way of getting his message to young people outside the artworld.[5] The book contains a variety of images from Kennard's 40-year career and, as a result, attracts the criticism that its targets are too general. Kennard's reply was that he wanted "to encourage people to think about their own situation and activate, but I'm not trying to tell them to do this or that. I'm just trying to show how I see the world at the moment."[5]

The idea has expanded to a re-appropriation and re-distribution of his images through online platforms such as Tumblr, Facebook and Twitter. G8 Protest Posters[13] is the latest of these projects that shares images "designed for protest". Created in 2013 in reaction to the 39th G8 Summit in Enniskillen, Kennard has encouraged the public to "print, Tweet, Facebook, email and share these images as a sign of protest". He sees online distribution sites as "a valuable addition to the dissident artists toolbox. G8 is a charade masquerading as a serious conference, my posters attempt to rip through the lies and point to the world as in fact it is."[14]

He has also executed a number of guerrilla street installations[15] and has said "if world leaders insist on assaulting our lives and livelihoods, let's hit back by assaulting their eyes." [16]

The first major retrospective of Kennard's work was held at the Imperial War Museum for one year from May 2015.[17] The show will then move to mac (Birmingham) in 2016.[18]

Personal life[edit]

His son is journalist Matthew Kennard.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peterkennard.com My Art | Chronology. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
  2. ^ http://www.rca.ac.uk/Default.aspx?ContentId=520078&GroupID=520078
  3. ^ a b c Royal College of Art Photography staff: Peter Kennard. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  4. ^ http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/kennard-haywain-with-cruise-missiles-t12484
  5. ^ a b c d Diane Smyth, Pictures without words, British Journal of Photography, 24 May 2011. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
  6. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2013/may/18/walk-through-british-art-tate-britain
  7. ^ "Tate Shots Film: Peter Kennard". 
  8. ^ https://books.google.com/books/about/Dispatches_from_an_unofficial_war_artist.html?id=vrg4AQAAIAAJ
  9. ^ Kennard, P., Art Attack, New Statesman, 17 January 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
  10. ^ Peter Kennard: award (book with series of pigment prints and essay by John Berger) [1], Henry Peacock Gallery, London, 2004
  11. ^ a b Jonathan Jones, The Tony Blair 'selfie' Photo Op will have a place in history, The Guardian, 15 October 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  12. ^ http://fryingpanfire.com/2011/06/peter-kennard-mumbles-at-me-for-tank-magazine Peter Kennard Tank Magazine interview by Leah Borromeo
  13. ^ http://g8protestposters.tumblr.com G8 Protest Posters by Peter Kennard
  14. ^ http://www.vam.ac.uk/b/blog/posters-stories-va-collection/g8-posters-peter-kennard
  15. ^ http://metro.co.uk/2013/06/17/meet-the-artists-making-a-protest-about-the-g8-summit-3841159/
  16. ^ http://www.newstatesman.com/art-and-design/2013/06/peter-kennard-g8-protest-posters Peter Kennard: G8 protest posters
  17. ^ http://www.iwm.org.uk/sites/default/files/press-release/2015-at-IWM.pdf
  18. ^ https://macbirmingham.co.uk/exhibition/off-message

External links[edit]