Peter Kerr, 12th Marquess of Lothian
Peter Francis Walter Kerr, 12th Marquess of Lothian, KCVO (8 September 1922 – 11 October 2004) was a British peer, politician and landowner. He was the son of Captain Andrew William Kerr by his wife, Marie Kerr. Both of his parents were male-line descendants of William Kerr, 5th Marquess of Lothian.
Kerr's father, Andrew Kerr, and grandfather, Lord Walter Kerr, were officers in the Royal Navy. He was educated at Ampleforth College and Christ Church, Oxford, and joined the Scots Guards. He succeeded his cousin, Philip Kerr, 11th Marquess of Lothian, in 1940, and married a distant cousin, Antonella Newland (d. 2007), daughter of Major General Sir Foster Newland, on 30 April 1943. Lord and Lady Lothian had six children: two sons and four daughters. His wife pursued her own career as a journalist, and founded the Women of the Year Lunch. The family were mainly based at their estates in the Borders, at Newbattle Abbey and Monteviot. The 11th Marquess had left Blickling Hall in Norfolk to the National Trust. Another family house at Melbourne Hall in Derbyshire was opened to the paying public in 1952.
Lothian took part in the Wolfenden inquiry into the UK's laws on homosexuality and prostitution in 1954. He joined the UK's delegation to the United Nations General Assembly during the Suez crisis in 1956, and was later sent as a delegate to the Council of Europe in 1959 and the Western European Union. He served as Parliamentary private secretary to the Foreign Secretary, Lord Home, from 1960, and was also a whip in the House of Lords. He served as a junior minister at the Ministry of Health during the short period of Lord Home's term as Prime Minister in 1964. He returned to the Foreign Office with Lord Home in 1970, serving as parliamentary under-secretary for two years. He was nominated as a member of the European Parliament in 1973, when the UK joined the European Economic Community.
Lord Lothian retired from politics in 1977, after which he served as Lord Warden of the Stannaries, Keeper of the Privy Purse to the Duke of Cornwall, and Chairman of the Prince's Council for the Duchy of Cornwall. He was appointed KCVO in 1983. He was also a member of the Royal Company of Archers, commandant of the Special Constabulary in the Scottish Borders, and a Knight of Malta.
He returned the Franciscan monastery of San Damiano, near Assisi, to the Franciscan Friars Minor in 1979, and he ceded control of Monteviot and Melbourne House to his elder and younger son, respectively, in the 1980s, to take on the restoration of Ferniehirst Castle in Roxburghshire.
Titles and styles
- Peter Kerr Esq (1922–1940)
- The Most Hon. The Marquess of Lothian (1940–1973)
- The Most Hon. The Marquess of Lothian MEP (1973–1975)
- The Most Hon. The Marquess of Lothian (1975–1983)
- The Most Hon. The Marquess of Lothian KCVO (1983–2004)
The 12th Marquess married Antonella Newland on 30 April 1943. They had the following issue:
- Mary (b. 1944), married Charles, Graf von Westenholz, had issue
- Michael (b. 1945), 13th Marquess of Lothian, married Lady Jane Fitzalan-Howard (a daughter of Bernard Fitzalan-Howard, 16th Duke of Norfolk), had issue
- Cecil (b. 1948), married Donald Cameron (XXVII Chief of the Clan Cameron), had issue
- Claire (b. 1951), married James Fitzroy, Earl of Euston, had issue, including Henry FitzRoy, 12th Duke of Grafton
- Elizabeth (b. 1954), married Richard Scott, 10th Duke of Buccleuch, had issue
- Ralph (b. 1957), married Lady Virginia Fitzroy (daughter of 11th Duke of Grafton), divorced 1987, no issue; married Marie-Clare Black, had issue
His elder son, the Conservative politician Michael Ancram, succeeded to the marquessate on his death. Owing to changes in the composition of the House of Lords to exclude hereditary peers, the current Lord Lothian was able to continue his career in the House of Commons and then the House of Lords upon being granted a life peerage, until retiring in 2010.
- According to his wife's Times obituary, their mothers were cousins, and they had first met as children.
- Melbourne Hall was inherited via his great-great-grandmother Emily Cowper, sister of the 2nd Viscount Melbourne and mistress of Palmerston whom she later married. See Independent obituary (2004) by James Stourton for details.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Marquess of Lothian
The Earl Waldegrave
|Lord Warden of the Stannaries
|Peerage of Scotland|
|Marquess of Lothian