Peter King (Australian politician)

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Peter King
Peter King.png
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Wentworth
In office
10 November 2001 – 9 October 2004
Preceded by Andrew Thomson
Succeeded by Malcolm Turnbull
Personal details
Born (1952-06-29) 29 June 1952 (age 66)
Bingara, New South Wales
Nationality Australian
Political party Liberal Party of Australia (2001–04, 2015–present)
Independent (2004-2015)
Alma mater University of Sydney
University of Oxford
Occupation Barrister

Peter Edward King (born 29 June 1952), Australian politician, was a Liberal Party of Australia member of the Australian House of Representatives from November 2001 to October 2004, representing the seat of Wentworth, New South Wales. King is also a barrister and an author.

Early life[edit]

He was born in Bingara, New South Wales, and was educated at the Shore School, where he was School Captain and Captain of the GPS Rugby 1st XV, Sydney University, where he resided at St. Paul's College, and Oxford University, where he gained an MA and was selected as a Rugby Blue against Cambridge. He was Rhodes Scholar for New South Wales in 1975.[1]

Early political career[edit]

He was a member of the Woollahra Municipal Council and was Mayor 1990-91. He was NSW State President of the Liberal Party 1989-92. Throughout the 1990s King was a leading advocate of the Australian monarchy, opposing the push for an Australian republic.[2] Between November 2001 and 2004 he held the seat of Wentworth in the Australian Parliament.[3]

Ousting by Malcolm Turnbull[edit]

In 2003, after only two years in the federal Parliament, King was challenged for his Liberal endorsement in Wentworth by Malcolm Turnbull, then a wealthy merchant banker, Federal Treasurer of the Liberal Party and former head of the Australian Republican Movement. During the bitter pre-selection campaign, King accused Turnbull of branch stacking, by having local members transferring their membership to a branch that would decide the selection, what King referred to as "branch stripping".[4] Following his preselection loss, King stood for the seat at the 2004 election as an independent candidate. As a result, the traditionally Liberal electorate was turned into an electoral wildcard, with the contest becoming a three-person race between Turnbull, King and Labor candidate David Patch. During the campaign, Turnbull spent over A$600,000 on the campaign.[5] While the Liberal primary vote fell 10.3 percent to 41.8 percent, King received 18 percent of the primary vote with a 57/43 Liberal/Labor preference split which brought Turnbull over the line, but on a reduced 55.5 percent two-party vote after a 2.4 percent swing it made Wentworth a marginal seat on paper for the first time since the 1993 election.[6] For standing against a preselected Liberal party member, King was banned from the Liberal Party for ten years. His wife Fiona, daughter of former National Party leader Ian Sinclair, was banned for five years.[7]

Return to Politics[edit]

In 2015 King rejoined the Liberal Party and in July 2017 an article appeared in the Australian Financial Review reporting he was supporting reform of the Liberal Party preselection processes.[8] King refused to comment when asked whether he would like to re-enter Federal Parliament. In August 2017 King and Lawyer Matthew Bransgrove, formed an organisation called CivilDefenceNow.org and began a series of lectures to Liberal Party branches in the Wentworth Electorate on the dangers posed to Australia's National Security by North Korea.[9] [10]

Legal Career[edit]

King was a barrister prior to entering politics and still practises. He was a Judicial Member of the Administrative Decisions Tribunal of NSW 1995-2001. [11] He is the author of Limitation of Liability in Australian Maritime Law (1991), and a critique of climate change policy called The Challenge of the Commons (2015).[12] King appeared in cases for farmers against banks during the drought between 2001 and 2009 helping to keep many farmers on their farms; and in commercial and constitutional cases including the landmark cases of Spencer v Commonwealth (2010)[13] and Gaynor v Chief of Defence Force (2015).[14]

Other Posts[edit]

King is a member of the Sydney University Senate, was Chair of the Australian Heritage Commission 1998-2001, Chair of the World Heritage Committee in 2001-01, and President of the World Heritage Bureau in 2001-02. King was elected the President of Sydney College of Divinity in 2010, a position he still holds.[15]

References[edit]

Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
Andrew Thomson
Member for Wentworth
2001–2004
Succeeded by
Malcolm Turnbull