Peter Lambert (rosarian)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bust of Peter Lambert in Nells Park, Trier

Peter Lambert (June 1, 1859 – February 28, 1939)[1] was a German rose breeder from Trier.

Life[edit]

Peter Lambert was born on 1 June 1859 in Trier, Germany. He acquired a knowledge of roses working with his father Nicholas Lambert in the Lambert & Reiter nursery, later Lambert & Söhne (Lambert & Sons). The brothers Johann and Nicholas had started the firm in 1869 with Jean Reiter, a nurseryman. Peter trained at a Prussian school of horticulture and gained experience working in nurseries in France and England. In 1891 he started his own nursery, eventually employing more than seventy workers.[2][3]

In 1900 he married Léonie Lamesch, daughter of the Luxembourg rose breeder. To her he had dedicated one of his dwarf Polyanthas crossing Polyanthas with Noisettes. He maintained good contacts with Luxembourg nurseries (Soupert & Notting, Gemen-Bourg, and Ketten Freres), who distributed his varieties.[2][4]

Peter Lambert helped establish the Europa-Rosarium at Sangerhausen in 1904 and the rosarium in Zweibrücken in 1914. He was also a founder of the Verein Deutscher Rosenfreunde (German Rose Society). He became its director and edited its Rosen-Zeitung 1890–1911.[3] He was a jurist for rose competitions in Saint Petersburg, Paris, Haarlem, London, Lyon and Florence.

Lambert's catalogues in the years 1914-1931 are a valuable treasure trove of the most important roses of his time.[2]

Lambert's rose dedications (over 100 by 1914) make a survey of contemporary German wartime and pre-war society. There are the usual rose people and their relations. Likewise aristocratic and military worthies, though the sabre rattles more loudly than usual: the rose 'Herero-Trotha' celebrates von Trotha's genocidal efforts in German Southwest Africa. Danzig is declared in 1935 to be 'Deutsches Danzig.' There is an "economic adviser," a "financial adviser" and a "confidential adviser," no doubt prominent public servants. Other names show Lambert's interest in poets ('Hoffmann von Fallersleben'), wine-growing areas and chess players.[2]

He died on 28 February 1939.

"Lambert's garden in the walls of the old Benedictine abbey in Trier and his collection of roses … were all destroyed during World War II."[3] After the war, a street in Trier was named after him and a rose garden in Nells Park planted in his honour.[2]

Rose breeding[edit]

From the late 1890s Lambert began to breed his own rose varieties, introducing the first ones in 1899. The Alsatian Schmitt's Three Graces – the roses 'Thalia', 'Euphrosyne' and 'Aglaïa'– were promoted by Lambert and provided material for many of his early crosses.

For fifty years Lambert bred original and much admired hybrid teas ('Kaiserin Auguste Viktoria', 'Frau Karl Druschki'), Chinas ('Unermüdliche'), Hybrid perpetuals ('Moselblümchen'), Rugosa crosses ('Schneezwerg'), Pernetianas ('Von Scharnhost'), Bourbon–China crosses ('Adam Messerich') and Multiflora ramblers ('Mosel').

Lambert selected roses for good health by avoiding parents that displayed a weakness for mildew or rust. As a result, a century later his roses remain among the healthiest … In 1905, Lambert named the vigorous, free-flowering and remontant shrub 'Trier' in honour of his home town. He then used 'Trier' to develop a distinct class of large, repeat-flowering Hybrid Musk shrubs and climbers with wonderfully handsome leaves and a deliciously strong scent. These became known as the Lambertianas.[5]

Lambert and his firm survived World War I but

the defeat and humiliation of World War I weighed heavily on him … and he found the 1920s a difficult time to earn a living. His natural curiosity faded, and he failed to keep pace with the innovations of younger rose breeders … he stuck increasingly to his own breeding lines and seldom took in new genes from other breeders' breakthroughs.[6]

Not surprisingly his production of new varieties declined in the 1930s, his own seventies. But the very late 'Mozart' and 'Martha Lambert' are striking and original.

Sortable list of Peter Lambert roses[7][edit]

Name Date Type Colour Photo
Moselblümchen 1889 Hybrid perpetual Red
Rheingold 1889 Tea Orange and yellow
Kaiserin Auguste Viktoria 1891 Hybrid tea White Kaiserin-Auguste-Viktoria-Maddingley-31-3-2013.jpg
Mosella 1895 Polyantha Cream and yellow
Thalia (by Schmitt) 1895 Rambler White
Euphrosyne (by Schmitt) 1896 Multiflora rambler Pink
Aglaïa (by Schmitt) 1895 Multiflora hybrid Light yellow
Frau Geheimrat von Boch 1897 Tea Cream, pink edges
Hélène 1897 Multiflora rambler Lilac pink
Oscar Kordel 1897 Hybrid perpetual Carmine red
Balduin 1898 Hybrid tea Red
Großherzogin Viktoria Melitta von Hessen 1898 Hybrid tea white
Herzogin Marie von Ratibor 1898 Tea Yellow blend
Reichsgraf von Kesselstatt 1898 Tea Pink blend
Eugenie Lamesch 1899 Polyantha Yellow blend
Goldquelle 1899 Tea Yellow and red
Hofgartendirektor Graebener 1899 Hybrid tea Yellow blend
Papa Lambert 1899 Hybrid tea Medium pink
Léonie Lamesch 1899 Polyantha Copper Rosa 'Leonie Lamesch'.jpg
Frau Syndica Roeloffs 1900 China Deep yellow
Schneewittchen 1901 Polyantha Cream
Katharina Zeimet 1901 Polyantha White
Tiergarten 1901 Multiflora hybrid Deep yellow
Frau Karl Druschki 1901 Hybrid tea White FrauKarlDrusckiRMBG17Mar2012.JPG
Aschenbrödel 1902 Polyantha Light pink
Domkapitular Dr. Lager 1903 Hybrid tea Salmon-pink
Frau Lilla Rautenstrauch 1903 Hybrid tea Orange-pink
Freiherr von Marschall 1903 Tea Carmine-red
Gustav Grünerwald 1903 Hybrid tea Pink
Morgenrot 1903 Climber Red
Philippine Lambert 1903 Polyantha Pink
Schneekopf 1903 Polyantha White
Thalia Remontant 1903 Multiflora hybrid climber White
Abelle Weber-Paté 1904 Polyantha White
Adolphe van den Heede 1904 Hybrid tea Cream
Edu Meyer 1904 Hybrid tea Yellow
Frau Cecilie Walter 1904 Polyantha Light yellow
Hélène Videnz 1904 Multiflora hybrid Salmon-pink
Gruß an Zabern 1904 Multiflora hybrid White blend Gruß aus Zabern (Lambert 1903) 01.jpg
Kleiner Alfred 1904 Polyantha Yellow
Oberhofgärtner A. Singer 1904 Hybrid perpetual Carmine red
Otto von Weddingen 1904
Unermüdliche 1904 China Pink blend
Trier 1904 Multiflora hybrid Cream Rosa 'Trier'.jpg
Abendstern 1905 Multiflora hybrid White blend
Augenschein 1905 Multiflora hybrid Yellow–white
Direktor W. Cordes 1905 Hybrid tea Yellow blend
Graf Fritz von Hochberg 1905 Hybrid tea Salmon-pink
Hermann Raue 1905 Hybrid tea Salmon-pink
Herrin von Lieser 1905 Hybrid tea Light yellow
Lucien de Lemos 1905 Hybrid tea Light pink
Carmen 1906 Hybrid rugosa Dark red Rosa Carmen1UME.jpg
Frau Ernst Borsig 1906 Hybrid tea Carmine pink
Herero-Trotha 1906 Tea Yellow
Lina Schmidt-Michel 1906 Hybrid tea Pink
Frau Alfred Mauthner 1907 Hybrid tea Pink
Avelsbach 1908 Multiflora hybrid Red and yellow
Frau Geheimrat Dr. Staub 1908 Climber Dark red
Frau Oberhofgärtner Singer 1908 Hybrid tea Pink blend
Frau Oberhofgärtner Luiger 1908 Hybrid tea Pink and white
Frau Philipp Siesmayer 1908 Hybrid tea Orange-pink
Großherzog Friedrich von Baden 1908 Hybrid tea Pink blend
Parkfeuer 1908 Hybrid foetida Scarlet
Philipp Paulig 1908 Hybrid perpetual Dark red
Rankende Miniature 1908 Polyantha Light pink
Rose Benary 1908 Hybrid tea Pink and yellow
Adrian Reverchon 1909 Multiflora hybrid Carmine pink
Alsterufer 1909 Hybrid tea Crimson-carmine
Backfisch 1909 Polyantha Salmon-pink
Bettelstudent 1909 Polyantha Carmine-red
Cineraria 1909 Polyantha Red
Excellenz Kuntze 1909 Multiflora hybrid Light yellow
Excellenz von Schubert 1909 Multiflora hybrid Carmine pink Excellenz von Schubert110312 1.jpg
Frau Alexander Weiß 1909 Polyantha Pink
Frau Oberhofgärtner Schulze 1909 Polyantha Deep pink
Frau Ottilie Lüntzel 1909 Polyantha Cream
Geheimrat Dr. Mittweg 1909 Polyantha Pink blend
Gustel Mayer 1909 Polyantha Red
Hildenbrandseck 1909 Rugosa hybrid Carmine-red
Kommerzienrat W. Rautenstrauch 1909 Hybrid foetida Salmon-pink
Lustige Witwe 1909 Polyantha Carmine-red
Mieze 1909 Polyantha Orange-yellow
Mme Léon Simon 1909 Hybrid tea Deep pink
Tip-Top 1909 Polyantha Orange-yellow
Trierisch Kind 1909 Polyantha Pink-mauve
Unser Peti 1909 Polyantha Peach-pink
Zigeunerknabe (by Geschwind) 1909 Bourbon hybrid Violet and red
Excellenz M. Schmidt-Metzler 1910 Hybrid tea White blend
Gartenstadt Liegnitz 1910 Polyantha Purple-red
Gräfin Stefanie Wedel 1910 Hybrid tea White blend
Freifrau Ida von Schubert 1911 Hybrid tea Dark red
Fürstin von Pless 1911 Rugosa hybrid White
Hauff 1911 Multiflora hybrid Mauve blend
Goethe (possibly by Geschwind) 1911 Moss Scarlet
Schneezwerg 1911 Hybrid rugosa White
Amalie de Greiff 1912 Hybrid tea Coral-pink
Heine 1912 Multiflora hybrid White
Luise Lilia 1912 Hybrid tea Dark red
Oriole 1912 Multiflora hybrid Yellow
Arndt 1913 Multiflora hybrid climber Salmon-pink
Baron Palm 1913 Hybrid tea Red
Frau von Brauer 1913 Wichurana hybrid White
Freifrau von der Goltz 1913 Hybrid tea Salmon-pink
Freifrau von Marschall 1913 Wichurana hybrid Light pink
Fritz Reuter 1913 Multiflora hybrid Carmine-red
Jona 1913 Hybrid tea Red
Mannheim 1913 Hybrid tea unknown
Ökonomierat Echtermayer 1913 Hybrid tea Carmine pink
Prinzessin Adolf zu Schaumburg-Lippe 1913 Hybrid tea unknown
Resi Bindseil 1913 Hybrid perpetual Red
Schiller 1913 Multiflora hybrid Peach-pink
Leonie Lambert 1913 Hybrid perpetual Light pink
Dr. Bender 1914 Tea unknown
H. F. Eilers 1914 Hybrid tea Carmine-red
Herzogin von Calabrien 1914 Hybrid tea Cream
Körner 1914 Multiflora hybrid Orange-yellow
Lessing 1914 Multiflora hybrid Pink, white stripes
Margarete Heike 1914 Polyantha White
Peter Rosegger 1914 Multiflora climber Coral-pink
Rückert 1914 Multiflora climber Yellow
Prinzessin Hildegard von Bayern 1914 Hybrid tea Light yellow
Detlev von Liliencron 1915 Hybrid foetida Cream
Emmy von Dippe 1915 Hybrid tea Yellow-pink
Generalin Isenbart 1915 Hybrid tea Pink
Generaloberst von Hindenburg 1915 Hybrid tea Pink blend
Graf Silva Tarouca 1915 Hybrid tea Carmine-red
Gruß an Zweibrücken 1915 Hybrid tea Dark red
Helene von Zwehl 1915 China Coral-red
Kaiser Franz Joseph 1915 Pernetiana Orange–deep pink
Kapitän von Müller 1915 Hybrid tea Crimson
Kronprinz Ruprecht 1915 Hybrid perpetual Dark red
Von Hardenberg 1915 Hybrid lutea Cream
Weddigen 1915 Hybrid tea Light pink
Generaloberst von Kluck 1916 Hybrid tea Carmine-red
Graf Fritz von Schwerin 1916 Hybrid tea Pink
Königin Maria Therese 1916 Hybrid tea Carmine pink
Kronprinz Wilhelm 1916 Hybrid tea Pink blend
Wieland 1916 Polyantha hybrid Red
Gellert 1917 Multiflora hybrid climber White
Hoffmann von Fallersleben 1917 Multiflora hybrid climber Apricot blush
Uhland 1917 Polyantha hybrid Yellow-orange
Hermann Robinow 1918 Pernetiana Salmon-pink
Justizrat Dr. Hessert 1918 Hybrid tea Pink blend
Dr. Helfferich 1919 Hybrid tea Rose pink
Dr. Ing. H. Blohm 1919 Hybrid perpetual Dark red
Heinrich Conrad Söth 1919 Multiflora hybrid Deep pink
Lisbeth Stellmacher 1919 Polyantha Golden-=yellow
Adam Messerich 1920 Bourbon Rose pink Rosa Adam Messerich.jpg
Marie Henriette Gräfin Chotek 1920 Multiflora rambler Crimson
Mosel 1920 Multiflora rambler Mauve
Von Scharnhorst 1921 Pernetiana Light yellow
Bischof Dr. Korum 1922 Hybrid perpetual Pink and yellow
Chamisso 1922 Multiflora rambler Light pink
Frau H. Stakemann 1922 Hybrid tea unknown
Therese Zeimet-Lambert 1923 Hybrid tea Carmine pink
Gneisenau 1924 Multiflora hybrid White blend Rosa Gneisenau.JPG
St. Ingbert 1926 Hybrid perpetual White
Studienrat Schlenz 1926 Hybrid tea Rose pink
Druschki Rubra 1929 Hybrid perpetual red
Ausonius 1932 Multiflora hybrid Light pink
Grimm 1932 Multiflora hybrid climber Light pink
Heideröslein 1932 Multiflora hybrid climber Salmon-pink
Mosellied 1932 Multiflora hybrid Purple-red
Rudolf von Bennigsen 1932 Climber rose-pink
Goldene Druschki 1933 Hybrid perpetual Golden-yellow
Reichspräsident von Hindenburg 1931 Hybrid tea Pink blend
Gartendirektor Otto Linne 1934 Polyantha hybrid Carmine pink
Kletternde Hermann Robinow 1934 Pernetiana Salmon-pink
Deutsches Danzig 1935 Polyantha Carmine pink
Mozart 1937 Multiflora hybrid Deep pink Mozart (Lambert 1937).JPG
Aloysia Kaiser 1939 Climber Yellow and red
Martha Lambert 1939 Polyantha Red

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Trierer biographisches Lexikon (in German). Koblenz. 2000. p. 246. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Die Welt der Rosen web page on Rosenzüchter Peter Lambert (in German).
  3. ^ a b c Charles Quest-Ritson, Climbing Roses of the World, Timber Press, 2003, p.100. ISBN 0-88192-563-2.
  4. ^ "Rose growers' companies". Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  5. ^ Charles & Brigid Quest-Ritson, The RHS Encyclopedia of Roses, Dorling Kindersley, 2008, p. 237. ISBN 978-1-4053-3511-9.
  6. ^ Charles Quest-Ritson, Climbing Roses of the World, Timber Press, 2003, p.101. ISBN 0-88192-563-2.
  7. ^ Checked against the online Help Me Find list for the breeder Lambert, Peter.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Charles Quest-Ritson, Climbing Roses of the World, Timber Press, 2003, pp. 99–105. ISBN 0-88192-563-2. The best treatment in English and not just of climbers.

External links[edit]