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Peter Lawford in 1955
Peter Sydney Ernest Aylen|
7 September 1923
24 December 1984 (aged 61)|
Los Angeles, California, US
|Cause of death||Cardiac arrest complicated by renal and liver failure|
|Occupation||Actor, film producer, socialite|
Patricia Helen Kennedy
(m. 1954; div. 1966)
(m. 1971; div. 1975)
(m. 1976; div. 1977)
|Children||4, including Christopher Lawford|
Sir Sydney Lawford|
May Sommerville Bunny
|Relatives||John F. Kennedy (brother-in-law)|
Peter Sydney Ernest Lawford (born Peter Sydney Ernest Aylen; 7 September 1923 – 24 December 1984) was a British actor, producer, and socialite, who lived in the United States throughout his adult life.
He was a member of the "Rat Pack" and the brother-in-law of President John F. Kennedy, and the senators Robert F. Kennedy and Edward Kennedy. From the 1940s to the 1960s, he was a well-known celebrity and starred in a number of highly acclaimed films. In later years, he was noted more for his off-screen activities as a celebrity than for his acting; it was said that he was "famous for being famous".
Born in London in 1923, he was the only child of Lieutenant General Sir Sydney Turing Barlow Lawford, KBE (1865–1953) and May Sommerville Bunny (1883–1972). At the time of Peter's birth, however, his mother was married to Lieutenant colonel Dr Ernest Vaughn Aylen D.S.O, one of Sir Sydney's officers, while his father was married to Muriel Williams. At the time, May and Ernest Aylen were living apart. May confessed to Aylen that the child was not his, a revelation that resulted in a double divorce. Sydney and May wed in September 1924 after their divorces were finalised and when their son was one year old.
Lawford's family was connected to the English aristocracy through his uncle Ernest Lawford's wife (a daughter of the 14th Earl of Eglinton) as well as his aunt Ethel Turner Lawford (who married a son of the 1st Baron Avebury). His aunt, Jessie Bruce Lawford, another of his father's sisters, was the second wife of the Hon Hartley Williams, senior puisne judge of the Supreme Court of the colony of Victoria, Australia. A relative, through his mother, was Australian artist Rupert Bunny.
He spent his early childhood in France and, owing to his family's travels, was never formally educated. Instead, he was schooled by governesses and tutors, and his education included tennis and ballet lessons. "In the beginning," his mother observed, "he had no homework. When he was older he had Spanish, German and music added to his studies. He read only selected books: English fairy stories, English and French classics; no crime stories. Having studied Peter for so long, I decided he was quite unfitted for any career except art, so I cut Latin, Algebra, high mathematics and substituted dramatics instead." Because of the widely varying national and religious backgrounds of his tutors, Lawford "attended various services in churches, cathedrals, synagogues and for some time was an usher in a Christian Science Sunday School...." Around 1930, aged seven, he made his acting debut in the English film Poor Old Bill.
At the age of 14, Lawford severely injured his right arm in an accident when it went through a glass door. The injury greatly compromised the use of his lower arm and hand with irreversible nerve damage, which he later learned to hide. The injury was judged to be serious enough to prevent his entrance into the armed forces, which his parents had planned. Instead, Lawford decided to pursue a career as an actor, a decision that resulted in one of his aunts refusing to leave him her considerable fortune, as originally planned.
Lawford's first film role was at age seven in the British film Poor Old Bill.
Prior to the Second World War, Lawford was offered a contract by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. In 1938, he made his Hollywood debut in a minor part in the film Lord Jeff. His first role in a major film production was in A Yank at Eton (1942), starring Mickey Rooney, in which Lawford played a snobbish bully. He had uncredited roles as a pilot in Mrs. Miniver (1942) and as a sailor in Sherlock Holmes Faces Death (1943).
In June 1943, MGM signed Lawford to a long-term contract. His first role under this was The White Cliffs of Dover (1944), in which he played a young soldier during the Second World War. MGM gave him another important role in The Picture of Dorian Gray (1945). Lawford's first leading role came in Son of Lassie (1945), and he later won a Modern Screen magazine readers' poll as the most popular actor in Hollywood of 1946. His fan mail jumped to thousands of letters a week.
With actors such as Clark Gable and James Stewart away at war, Lawford was recognised as a new romantic lead on the MGM lot. Lawford's busiest year as an actor was 1946, when two of his films opened within days of each other: Cluny Brown and Two Sisters from Boston. He made his first comedy film that year, My Brother Talks to Horses (released in 1947). He appeared with Frank Sinatra for the first time in the musical It Happened in Brooklyn (1947). Lawford received rave reviews for his work in the film, while Sinatra's were lukewarm.
Lawford later admitted that the most terrifying experience of his career was the first musical number he performed in the musical Good News (1947). Using an American accent for his role, he won acclaim as a performer. Over the next few years, he was given supporting roles in MGM films, including On an Island with You (1948), Easter Parade (1948), Little Women (1949), Royal Wedding (1951) and You for Me (1952).
Lawford's first film after Metro released him and several other players from their contracts was the comedy It Should Happen to You, wherein he starred alongside Judy Holliday and Jack Lemmon. In 1959, Sinatra invited Lawford to join the "Rat Pack" and also got him a role in Never So Few. The casino caper Ocean's 11 (1960) was a project Lawford first brought to Sinatra's attention. Other films included the acclaimed Israeli-set drama Exodus (1960); The Longest Day (1962), a war film with a star-studded cast; and the political drama Advise & Consent (1962) (in which he played a United States Senator). He reunited with the Rat Pack for the western adventure Sergeants 3.
In 1961, Lawford and his manager Milt Ebbins formed Chrislaw Productions, which was named after Peter's son Christopher, and produced the 1963 action film Johnny Cool starring Henry Silva and Elizabeth Montgomery. He went on to produce the 1965 Patty Duke film Billie as well as two films with Sammy Davis, Jr., Salt and Pepper and One More Time. He returned to MGM for They Only Kill Their Masters (1972), which reunited him with several former MGM contract players. His last role was as Montague Chippendale in Where Is Parsifal? (1983).
Lawford made his television debut in 1953 in a guest-starring role on Ronald Reagan's anthology series General Electric Theater. In 1954, he starred as a newspaper advice-to-the-lovelorn columnist named Bill Hastings in the short-lived NBC series Dear Phoebe with Marcia Henderson and Charles Lane.
From 1957 to 1959, Lawford co-starred with Phyllis Kirk in The Thin Man, an NBC series from MGM based on the novel by Dashiell Hammett. He had a recurring role on The Doris Day Show from 1971 to 1973 as the love interest to Day's character.
Lawford guest-starred on various television series, including The Doris Day Show, The Martha Raye Show, Schlitz Playhouse of Stars, Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre, Alfred Hitchcock Presents, The Wild Wild West, The Virginian, Bewitched, The Patty Duke Show, The Love Boat, Fantasy Island and The Bob Cummings Show.
His first marriage, in 1954, was to socialite Pat Kennedy, a younger sister of then-US Senator John F. Kennedy (D-MA). They had four children: a son, actor and author Christopher Lawford (1955−2018), and daughters Sydney Maleia Lawford (b. 1956), Victoria Francis Lawford (b. 1958), and Robin Elizabeth Lawford (b. 1961).
Lawford became an American citizen on 23 April 1960. He had prepared for this in time to vote for his brother-in-law in the upcoming presidential election. Lawford, along with other members of the "Rat Pack", helped campaign for Kennedy and the Democratic Party. Sinatra famously dubbed him "Brother-in-Lawford" at this time. Lawford and Patricia Kennedy divorced in February 1966.
Lawford was originally cast as Alan A. Dale in the film Robin and the 7 Hoods but was replaced by Bing Crosby following a break in Sinatra's relationship with Lawford. The break stemmed from a scheduled visit to Sinatra's home by Lawford's brother-in-law, President Kennedy, during a 1962 West Coast trip. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, who was long concerned about Sinatra's rumoured ties with underworld figures, encouraged the President to change his plans and stay at Crosby's home, which (it was maintained) could provide better security for the President. The change came at the last minute, after Sinatra had made extensive arrangements for the promised and eagerly awaited presidential visit, including the construction of a helipad. Sinatra was furious, believing that Lawford had failed to intercede with the Kennedys on his behalf, and ostracised him from the Rat Pack.
Sinatra and Lawford's friendship was over. They only spoke when Sinatra called after his son Frank Sinatra Jr. was kidnapped on 8 December 1963, and he needed the help of Lawford's brother-in-law Robert Kennedy, then Attorney General. With the exception of Vice-President Hubert H. Humphrey's 1968 presidential race, Sinatra never endorsed another Democratic candidate. Crosby, a staunch Republican, ended up cast in Lawford's role.
Lawford married his second wife, Mary Rowan, daughter of comedian Dan Rowan, in October 1971. Rowan and Lawford separated two years later and divorced in January 1975. In June 1976 he married aspiring actress Deborah Gould, whom he had known for three weeks. Lawford and Gould separated two months after marrying and divorced in 1977. During his separation from Gould, Lawford met Patricia Seaton who became his fourth and final wife in July 1984, just months before his death.
Lawford died at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles on Christmas Eve 1984, aged 61, from cardiac arrest. He had suffered from kidney and liver failure after years of substance abuse. His body was cremated, and his ashes were interred at Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery. Owing to a dispute between his widow and the cemetery, Lawford's ashes were removed from the cemetery in 1988 and scattered into the Pacific Ocean off the coast of California by his widow Patricia Seaton Lawford, who invited the National Enquirer tabloid to photograph the event.
A plaque bearing Lawford's name was erected at Westwood Village Memorial Park
|1930||Poor Old Bill||Horace|
|1931||A Gentleman of Paris||Child||Uncredited|
|1938||Lord Jeff||Benny Potter|
|1942||A Yank at Eton||Ronnie Kenvil|
|1942||Thunder Birds||English Cadet||Uncredited|
Alternative title: Soldiers of the Air
|1942||Junior Army||Cadet Wilbur|
|1943||London Blackout murders||Percy – Soldier on Train||Uncredited|
|1943||Assignment in Brittany||Navigator||Uncredited|
|1943||The Purple V||Roger|
|1943||Flesh and Fantasy||Pierrot (Episode 1)||Uncredited|
|1943||Pilot No. 5||British Soldier||Uncredited|
|1943||The Sky's the Limit||Naval Commander||Uncredited|
|1943||The Man from Down Under||Mr. Jones||Uncredited|
|1943||Someone to Remember||Joe Downes||Alternative title: Gallant Thoroughbred|
|1943||The West Side Kid||Jerry Winston|
|1943||Sherlock Holmes Faces Death||Young Sailor at Bar||Uncredited|
|1943||Corvette K-225||Naval Officer||Uncredited|
|1943||Paris After Dark||Frenchman||Uncredited|
|1944||The Adventures of Mark Twain||Young Oxford Celebrant||Uncredited|
|1944||The White Cliffs of Dover||John Ashwood II as a Young Man|
|1944||The Canterville Ghost||Anthony de Canterville|
|1944||Mrs. Parkington||Lord Thornley|
|1945||The Picture of Dorian Gray||David Stone|
|1945||Son of Lassie||Joe Carraclough|
|1945||Ziegfeld Follies||Porky in "Number Please"||Voice, Uncredited|
|1945||Perfect Strangers||Introduction – USA Version||Uncredited|
Alternative title: Vacation from Marriage
|1946||Two Sisters from Boston||Lawrence Tyburn Patterson, Jr.|
|1946||Cluny Brown||Andrew Carmel|
|1947||My Brother Talks to Horses||John S. Penrose|
|1947||It Happened in Brooklyn||Jamie Shellgrove|
|1947||Good News||Tommy Marlowe|
|1948||On an Island with You||Lt. Lawrence Y. Kingslee|
|1948||Easter Parade||Jonathan Harrow III|
|1948||Julia Misbehaves||Ritchie Lorgan|
|1949||Little Women||Theodore "Laurie" Laurence|
|1949||The Red Danube||Major John "Twingo" McPhimister|
|1950||Please Believe Me||Jeremy Taylor|
|1951||Royal Wedding||Lord John Brindale||Alternative title: Wedding Bells|
|1952||Just This Once||Mark MacLene IV|
|1952||Kangaroo||Richard Connor||Alternative title: The Australian Story|
|1952||You for Me||Tony Brown|
|1952||The Hour of 13||Nicholas Revel|
|1953||Rogue's March||Capt. Dion Lenbridge / Pvt. Harry Simms|
|1954||It Should Happen to You||Evan Adams III|
|1959||Never So Few||Capt. Grey Travis||Alternative title: Campaign Burma|
|1960||Ocean's 11||Jimmy Foster|
|1962||Sergeants 3||Sgt. Larry Barrett|
|1962||Advise & Consent||Senator Lafe Smith|
|1962||The Longest Day||Brigadier Lord Lovat|
|1963||Johnny Cool||Executive producer|
|1964||Dead Ringer||Tony Collins||Alternative title: Dead Image|
|1966||The Oscar||Steve Marks|
|1966||A Man Called Adam||Manny|
|1967||Dead Run||Stephen Daine||Alternative title: Geheimnisse in goldenen Nylons|
|1968||Quarta parete||Papá Baroni|
|1968||Salt and Pepper||Christopher Pepper||Executive producer|
|1968||Buona Sera, Mrs. Campbell||Justin Young|
|1969||Hook, Line & Sinker||Dr. Scott Carter|
|1969||The April Fools||Ted Gunther|
|1970||One More Time||Christopher Pepper / Lord Sydney Pepper||Executive producer|
|1970||Togetherness||Prince Solomon Justiani|
|1971||Clay Pigeon||Government Agent||Alternative title: Trip to Kill|
|1972||They Only Kill Their Masters||Lee Campbell|
|1976||Won Ton Ton, the Dog Who Saved Hollywood||Slapstick Star|
|1979||Angels Revenge||Burke||Alternative title: Angels' Brigade|
Seven from Heaven
|1981||Body and Soul||Big Man|
|1984||Where Is Parsifal?||Montague Chippendale||(final film role)|
|1953||General Electric Theater||John||Episode: "Woman's World"|
|1953–1954||The Ford Television Theatre||Various roles||3 episodes|
|1954–1955||Dear Phoebe||Bill Hastings||32 episodes|
|1954–1957||Schlitz Playhouse of Stars||Various roles||3 episodes|
|1955||Jane Wyman Presents The Fireside Theatre||Stephen||Episode: "Stephen and Publius Cyrus"|
|1955||Alfred Hitchcock Presents||Charlie Raymond||Episode: "The Long Shot"|
|1955||Screen Directors Playhouse||Tom Macy||Episode: "Tom and Jerry"|
|1956||Playhouse 90||Willis Wayde||Episode: "Sincerely, Willis Wade"|
|1956–1957||Studio 57||Various roles||2 episodes|
|1957||Producers' Showcase||Lord Brinstead||Episode: "Ruggles of Red Gap"|
|1957||Climax!||Tom Welles||Episode: "Bait for the Tiger"|
|1957–1959||The Thin Man||Nick Charles||72 episodes|
|1958||The Bob Cummings Show||Himself||Episode: "Bob Judges a Beauty Pageant"|
|1959||Goodyear Theatre||Major John Marshall||Episode: "Point of Impact"|
|1961||The Jack Benny Program||Lord Milbeck||Episode: "English Sketch"|
|1962||Theatre '62||Glen Morley||Episode: "The Farmer's Daughter"|
|1965||The Alfred Hitchcock Hour||Ernie Mullett||Episode: "Crimson Witness"|
|1965||Profiles in Courage||General Alexander William Doniphan||Episode: "General Alexander William Doniphan"|
|1965||Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre||Lt. Philip Cannon||Episode: "March From Camp Tyler"|
|1966||Run for Your Life||Larry Carter||Episode: "Carnival Ends at Midnight"|
|1966||The Wild Wild West||Carl Jackson||Episode: "The Night of The Returning Dead"|
|1967||How I Spent My Summer Vacation||Ned Pine||Television film|
|1967||I Spy||Hackaby||Episode: "Get Thee to a Nunnery"|
|1971||A Step Out of Line||Art Stoyer||Television film|
|1971||The Virginian||Ben Hunter||Episode: "The Town Killer"|
|1971||Ellery Queen: Don't Look Behind You||Ellery Queen||Television film|
|1971–1973||The Doris Day Show||Dr. Peter Lawrence||8 episodes|
|1972||Bewitched||Harrison Woolcott||Episode: "Serena's Richcraft"|
|1974||The Phantom of Hollywood||Roger Cross||Television film|
|1974||Born Free||John Forbes||Episode: Pilot|
|1977–1982||Fantasy Island||Various roles||4 episodes|
|1978||Hawaii Five-O||Kenneth Kirk||Episode: "Frozen Assets"|
|1979||The Love Boat||Teddy Smith||Episode: "Murder on the High Seas/Sounds of Silence/Cyrano de Bricker"|
|1979||Highcliffe Manor||Narrator||6 episodes|
|1979||Supertrain||Quentin Fuller||Episode: "A Very Formal Heist"|
|1979||Mysterious Island of Beautiful Women||Gordon Duvall||Television film|
|1981||The Jeffersons||Museum Guide (Voice)||Episode: "The House That George Built"|
|1949||Lux Radio Theatre||Green Dolphin Street|
- (Lawford 1986, p. 34)
- (Hischak 2008, p. 420)
- Obituary Variety, 26 December 1984.
- "Biography for Peter Lawford". Turner Classic Movies.
- "ROYAL ARMY MEDICAL CORPS". London Gazette (32841): 4617. 3 July 1923. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- (Wayne 2006, p. 280)
- (Lawford 1986, p. 44)
- (Lawford 1986, p. 48)
- "Peter Lawford - Biography & History - AllMusic". AllMusic.
- (Spada 1991, pp. 47–48)
- (Spada 1991, p. 50)
- (Wayne 2006, p. 281)
- (Spada 1991, p. 65)
- (Lawford 1986, p. 52)
- "Fanny Brice to Team in Comedy: Nan Grey Assigned Novel Short Planned Diamond Story Set Film World Pageant", Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif], 24 March 1938, p. 10.
- "DRAMA: Alice Faye to Return in 'Frisco' Feature 'Hattie' Work Resumed Glider Yarn Announced Three Holt Films Set Texas 'Find' Gets Role Rowe to Screen-Debut", Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif], 7 April 1942, p. A8.
- "Peter Lawford IMDb profile". Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- Universal to Make 'Chamber of Horrors' – Bogart Ban Lifted – 4 New Films This Week, The New York Times (1923–Current file) [New York, NY], 7 June 1943: p. 9.
- (Spada 1991, p. 111)
- (Spada 1991, p. 213)
- (Spada 1991, p. 339)
- (Spada 1991, p. 233)
- (Spada 1991, p. 228)
- (Schroeder 2004, pp. 81–82)
- (Spada 1991, p. 207)
- (Rorabaugh 2002, p. 146)
- (Spada 1991, p. 366)
- (Spada 1991, pp. 292–93)
- (Spada 1991, p. 294)
- (Spada 1991, pp. 410, 408)
- (Spada 1991, p. 433)
- (Bly 1999, pp. 187–88)
- (Spada 1991, p. 468)
- (Spada 1991, p. 469)
- (Spada 1991, pp. 470–71)
- "Peter Lawford | Hollywood Walk of Fame". Walkoffame.com. 8 February 1960. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- "Radio's Golden Age". Nostalgia Digest. 39 (2): 40–41. Spring 2013.
- Kirby, Walter (22 November 1953). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 46. Retrieved 8 July 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Aaker, Everett (2006). Encyclopedia of Early Television Crime Fighters: All Regular Cast Members in American Crime and Mystery Series, 1948–1959. McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-2476-1.
- Bly, Nellie (1999), The Kennedy Men: Three Generations of Sex, Scandal and Secrets, E-Reads Ltd., ISBN 0-7592-1233-3
- Hischak, Thomas S. (2008), The Oxford Companion to the American Musical:Theatre, Film, and Television: Theatre, Film, and Television, Branden Pub Co, ISBN 0-195-33533-3
- Lawford, May (1986), Bitch! The Autobiography of Lady Lawford, Branden Pub Co, ISBN 0-828-31995-2
- Lawford, May; Galon, Buddy (1986). The Autobiography of Lady Lawford As Told to Buddy Galon. Brookline, Mass.: Branden Publishing Co. ISBN 0-8283-1995-2.
- Rorabaugh, W.J. (2002), Kennedy and the Promise of the Sixties, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-81617-3
- Schroeder, Alan (2004), Celebrity-in-Chief: How Show Business Took Over the White House, Westview Press, ISBN 0-8133-4137-X
- Seaton, Patricia (1988). The Peter Lawford Story. New York: Carroll and Graf. ISBN 0-515-10264-4.
- Spada, James (1991), Peter Lawford: The Man Who Kept the Secrets, Bantam Books, ISBN 0-553-07185-8
- Wayne, Jane Ellen (2006), The Leading Men of MGM, Carroll & Graf, ISBN 0-7867-1768-8
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