Peter Lawford

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Peter Lawford
Peter Lawford 1955.jpg
Peter Lawford in 1955
Born
Peter Sydney Ernest Aylen[1]

(1923-09-07)7 September 1923
London, England
Died24 December 1984(1984-12-24) (aged 61)
Los Angeles, California, US
Cause of deathCardiac arrest complicated by renal and liver failure
OccupationActor, film producer, socialite
Years active1930–1983
Spouse(s)
Patricia Helen Kennedy
(m. 1954; div. 1966)

Mary Rowan
(m. 1971; div. 1975)

Deborah Gould
(m. 1976; div. 1977)

Patricia Seaton
(m. 1984)
Children4, including Christopher Lawford
Parent(s)Sir Sydney Lawford
May Sommerville Bunny
RelativesJohn F. Kennedy (brother-in-law)

Peter Sydney Ernest Lawford (born Peter Sydney Ernest Aylen; 7 September 1923 – 24 December 1984) was a British actor, producer, and socialite, who lived in the United States throughout his adult life.[1][2][3]

He was a member of the "Rat Pack" and the brother-in-law of President John F. Kennedy, and the senators Robert F. Kennedy and Edward Kennedy. From the 1940s to the 1960s, he was a well-known celebrity and starred in a number of highly acclaimed films. In later years, he was noted more for his off-screen activities as a celebrity than for his acting; it was said that he was "famous for being famous".[4]

Early life[edit]

Born in London in 1923, he was the only child of Lieutenant General Sir Sydney Turing Barlow Lawford, KBE (1865–1953) and May Sommerville Bunny (1883–1972). At the time of Peter's birth, however, his mother was married to Lieutenant colonel Dr Ernest Vaughn Aylen D.S.O,[5] one of Sir Sydney's officers, while his father was married to Muriel Williams.[1] At the time, May and Ernest Aylen were living apart. May confessed to Aylen that the child was not his, a revelation that resulted in a double divorce. Sydney and May wed in September 1924 after their divorces were finalised and when their son was one year old.[6]

Lawford's family was connected to the English aristocracy through his uncle Ernest Lawford's wife (a daughter of the 14th Earl of Eglinton) as well as his aunt Ethel Turner Lawford (who married a son of the 1st Baron Avebury). His aunt, Jessie Bruce Lawford, another of his father's sisters, was the second wife of the Hon Hartley Williams, senior puisne judge of the Supreme Court of the colony of Victoria, Australia. A relative, through his mother, was Australian artist Rupert Bunny.[citation needed]

Early Childhood[edit]

He spent his early childhood in France and, owing to his family's travels, was never formally educated. Instead, he was schooled by governesses and tutors, and his education included tennis and ballet lessons.[7]

"In the beginning," his mother observed, "he had no homework. When he was older he had Spanish, German and music added to his studies. He read only selected books: English fairy stories, English and French classics; no crime stories.[citation needed] Having studied Peter for so long, I decided he was quite unfitted for any career except art, so I cut Latin, Algebra, high mathematics and substituted dramatics instead."[7]

Because of the widely varying national and religious backgrounds of his tutors, Lawford "attended various services in churches, cathedrals, synagogues and for some time was an usher in a Christian Science Sunday School...."[8]

Around 1930, aged seven, he made his acting debut in the English film Poor Old Bill.[9] He also had an uncredited bit in A Gentleman of Paris (1931).[10]

Accident[edit]

At the age of 14, Lawford severely injured his right arm in an accident when it went through a glass door.[11] The injury greatly compromised the use of his lower arm and hand with irreversible nerve damage,[12] which he later learned to hide.[13] The injury was judged to be serious enough to prevent his entrance into the armed forces, which his parents had planned.[14] Instead, Lawford decided to pursue a career as an actor, a decision that resulted in one of his aunts refusing to leave him her considerable fortune, as originally planned.[15]

Career[edit]

Early Career[edit]

In 1938, Lawford was travelling through Hollywood when spotted by a talent scout. He was screen tested and made his Hollywood debut in a minor part in the film Lord Jeff starring Freddie Bartholomew .[16] [17]

The outbreak of World War II found the Lawfords in Florida. In a matter of days, they realized that they had been stranded. Their money was in Britain and Britain was at war. Their assets were frozen. Peter, then 16, took a job parking cars. When he saved enough money for the fare, he went back to Hollywood where he supported himself working as a theater usher until he began to get film work.[18]

Extra Work and Bit Parts[edit]

The advent of World War Two saw an increase in British war stories and Lawford found himself in demand playing military personnel, albeit usually in uncredited parts. He could be glimpsed in Mrs. Miniver (1942) and Eagle Squadron (1942), both times as pilots. [19]

His decent role in a major film production was in A Yank at Eton (1942), starring Mickey Rooney, in which Lawford played a snobbish bully.[20] It was very popular at the box office.[21]

Lawford was a cadet in Thunder Birds: Soldiers of the Air (1942) and Junior Army (1942) (starring Bartholomew) , a soldier in Random Harvest (1942), Immortal Sergeant (1942), and London Blackout Murders (1943) (directed by George Sherman), and a navigator in Assignment in Brittany (1943). He had a billed part in The Purple V (1943).[22][23]

At MGM he was a student in in Above Suspicion (1943), a soldier in Pilot #5 (1943), a naval commander in The Sky's the Limit (1943) (with Fred Astaire), and an Australian in The Man from Down Under (1943). He had a minor role at Republic's Someone to Remember (1943) and The West Side Kid (1943), the latter directed by Sherman.

Lawford played a soldier in Sahara (1943) and sailors in Sherlock Holmes Faces Death (1943) and Corvette K-225 (1943). He was a Frenchman in Paris After Dark (1943) and Flesh and Fantasy (1943), and was a student in MGM's Girl Crazy (1943) and The Adventures of Mark Twain (1944).[24]

MGM[edit]

Lawford's career stepped up a notch when signed to a long term contract to MGM in June 1943.[25] They signed him with a specific role in mind - The White Cliffs of Dover (1944), in which he played a young soldier during the Second World War. The film was very popular.[26]

Lawford had a small role in The Canterville Ghost (1944) and Mrs. Parkington (1944), playing a suitor of Greer Garson.[27]

MGM gave him another important role in The Picture of Dorian Gray (1945).

Leading Man[edit]

In Royal Wedding (1951)

Lawford's first leading role came in Son of Lassie (1945), a big hit.

Lawford was put in a Kathryn Grayson-June Allyson musical, Two Sisters from Boston (1946) which waa very popular. Ernst Lubitsch used him at Fox in Cluny Brown (1946) where he was billed after Charles Boyer and Jennifer Jones.

He won a Modern Screen magazine readers' poll as the most popular actor in Hollywood of 1946. His fan mail jumped to thousands of letters a week.[22] With actors such as Clark Gable and James Stewart away at war, Lawford was recognised as a new romantic lead on the MGM lot.

Lawford made My Brother Talks to Horses (1947) with Jackie Butch Jenkins, an early work of Fred Zinnemann which was a big flop. He and was reunited with Grayson in It Happened in Brooklyn (1947), which also starred Frank Sinatra. Lawford received rave reviews for his work in the film,[28] while Sinatra's were lukewarm.[citation needed]

Lawford later admitted that the most terrifying experience of his career was the first musical number he performed in the musical Good News (1947), the film he starred in alongside Allyson. Using an American accent for his role, he won acclaim as a performer.

He was Esther Williams' leading man in On an Island with You (1948) and supported Fred Astaire and Judy Garland in Easter Parade (1948), a huge hit, and Greer Garson and Walter Pidgeon in Julia Misbehaves (1948), also popular.

He played Laurie in MGM's version of Little Women (1949) alongside Allyson and Elizabeth Taylor. He was billed beneath Pidgeon and Ethel Barrymore in the anti Communist The Red Danube (1949) and was one of Deborah Kerr's leading men in Please Believe Me (1951).

He was Jane Powell's love interest in Royal Wedding (1951) with Fred Astaire and co starred with Janet Leigh in Just This Once (1952), both popular.

20th Century Fox borrowed him for Kangaroo (1952), a melodrama shot in Australia with Maureen O'Hara.[29]

Back at MGM he was top billed in some lower budgeted films: You for Me (1953), a comedy, The Hour of 13 (1953), a thriller and Rogue's March (1953), a war film.[30] The studio then let him go.[31]

Television[edit]

Eva Marie Saint, Paul Newman and Lawford in Exodus (1960)

Lawford's first film after Metro released him and several other players from their contracts was the comedy It Should Happen to You (1954), wherein he starred alongside Judy Holliday and Jack Lemmon.

He focused on television, guest starring on shows like General Electric Theater, Schlitz Playhouse, and The Ford Television Theatre.

In 1954 Lawford married Patricia Kennedy, sister of Senator John F. Kennedy. Lawford would become an enthusiastic fund raiser for the Senator.[32]

Lawford had a regular role on a TV sitcom, Dear Phoebe (1954-55) but it only ran 32 episodes.

When it ended he resumed guest starring on shows like Alfred Hitchcock Presents, Jane Wyman Presents The Fireside Theatre, Screen Directors Playhouse , Schlitz Playhouse again, Playhouse 90, Producers' Showcase (a version of Ruggles of Red Gap), several episodes of Studio 57, Climax! and Goodyear Theatre.

Lawford had another starring role on a TV series, The Thin Man (1957-59) with Phyllis Kirk, an NBC series from MGM based on the novel by Dashiell Hammett. It was more successful running for 72 episodes.[33]

Frank Sinatra and the Rat Pack[edit]

Members of the "Rat Pack", L-R: Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Sammy Davis Jr., Lawford, and Joey Bishop

In 1959, Sinatra invited Lawford to join the "Rat Pack" and also got him a role in Never So Few (1959).

Peter Lawford and Sinatra appeared in Oceans 11 (1961). Lawford had been first told of the basic story of the film by director Gilbert Kay, who heard the idea from a gas station attendant. Lawford eventually bought the rights in 1958, imagining William Holden in the lead.[34] Sinatra became interested in the idea, and a variety of writers worked on the project.[34][35]

Lawford played a British soldier in the acclaimed Israeli-set drama Exodus (1960) for Otto Preminger and had a cameo in Pepe (1960). In 1960 he became an American citizen and assisted on his brother in law's successful presidential election.[36]

He did a TV remake of The Farmer's Daughter (1962) with Lee Remick and was reunited with the Rat Pack in 'Sergeants 3 (1962).

Lawford played a Senator in Advise & Consent (1962) for Preminger and was Lord Lovat in The Longest Day (1962), a war film with a star-studded cast.

Producer[edit]

In 1961, Lawford and his manager Milt Ebbins formed Chrislaw Productions, which was named after Peter's son Christopher,[37] and produced the 1963 action film Johnny Cool starring Henry Silva and Elizabeth Montgomery.[38]

Lawford was Bette Davis' leading man in Dead Ringer (1964) and guest starred on The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, Profiles in Courage (as General Alexander William Doniphan), Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre and Run for Your Life.

He went on to produce the Patty Duke film Billie (1965) and had support roles in two Carroll Baker movies, playing her fiance both times: Sylvia (1965) and Harlow (1965).

By now Lawford had fallen out with Sinatra - who replaced him in Robin and the 7 Hoods (1964) with Bing Crosby -but Davis remained loyal and got Lawford a support role in A Man Called Adam (1966). He and Patrica Kennedy divorced in 1966.[39]

He guest starred on shows like The Wild Wild West, I Spy and was in How I Spent My Summer Vacation (1967).

Lawford went to Europe to star in Dead Run (1967) and The Fourth Wall (1968).[40] He was a popular guest star on TV comedy and game shows.[41]

He produced a film starring himself and Davis,Salt and Pepper (1968) and had support roles in Skidoo (1968) for Preminger, Buona Sera, Mrs. Campbell (1968), Hook, Line and Sinker (1969) with Jerry Lewis, and The April Fools (1969).

Salt and Pepper was popular enough for Lawford to raise money for a sequel, One More Time (1970) directed by Lewis. He supported George Hamilton in Togetherness (1970) and guest starred several times on Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In. In 1971 he would marry Rowan's daughter Mary.[42]

Later Career[edit]

Lawford's films included A Step Out of Line (1971), Clay Pigeon (1971), and The Deadly Hunt (1971). He had the lead role in Ellery Queen: Don't Look Behind You and guest starred on Bewitched and The Virginian. He had a semi recurring role in The Doris Day Show (1971-72) and even directed an episode.

He returned to MGM for They Only Kill Their Masters (1972), which reunited him with several former MGM contract players.

Lawford was in The Phantom of Hollywood (1974), the pilot for Born Free, Rosebud (1975) for Preminger, Won Ton Ton: The Dog Who Saved Hollywood (1976), Hawaii Five-O, Fantasy Island, The Love Boat , Angels' Brigade (1979), Highcliffe Manor, Supertrain, Mysterious Island of Beautiful Women (1979), Gypsy Angels (1980), Body and Soul (1981), and episodes of The Jeffersons.

His last role was as Montague Chippendale in Where Is Parsifal? (1983).[22]

Personal life[edit]

Lawford sailing with his brother-in-law President John F. Kennedy aboard the yacht "Manitou", a former USCG training vessel that was used as a "floating White House', off the coast of Johns Island, Maine, August 12, 1962

His first marriage, in 1954, was to socialite Pat Kennedy, a younger sister of then-US Senator John F. Kennedy (D-MA). They had four children: a son, actor and author Christopher Lawford (1955−2018), and daughters Sydney Maleia Lawford (b. 1956), Victoria Francis Lawford (b. 1958), and Robin Elizabeth Lawford (b. 1961).[43]

Lawford became an American citizen on 23 April 1960. He had prepared for this in time to vote for his brother-in-law in the upcoming presidential election.[44] Lawford, along with other members of the "Rat Pack", helped campaign for Kennedy and the Democratic Party.[45] Sinatra famously dubbed him "Brother-in-Lawford" at this time.[46][47] Lawford and Patricia Kennedy divorced in February 1966.[48][49]

Lawford was originally cast as Alan A. Dale in the film Robin and the 7 Hoods but was replaced by Bing Crosby following a break in Sinatra's relationship with Lawford. The break stemmed from a scheduled visit to Sinatra's home by Lawford's brother-in-law, President Kennedy, during a 1962 West Coast trip. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, who was long concerned about Sinatra's rumoured ties with underworld figures, encouraged the President to change his plans and stay at Crosby's home, which (it was maintained) could provide better security for the President. The change came at the last minute, after Sinatra had made extensive arrangements for the promised and eagerly awaited presidential visit, including the construction of a helipad. Sinatra was furious, believing that Lawford had failed to intercede with the Kennedys on his behalf, and ostracised him from the Rat Pack.[50]

Sinatra and Lawford's friendship was over. They only spoke when Sinatra called after his son Frank Sinatra Jr. was kidnapped on 8 December 1963, and he needed the help of Lawford's brother-in-law Robert Kennedy, then Attorney General. With the exception of Vice-President Hubert H. Humphrey's 1968 presidential race, Sinatra never endorsed another Democratic candidate. Crosby, a staunch Republican, ended up cast in Lawford's role.[51]

Lawford married his second wife, Mary Rowan, daughter of comedian Dan Rowan, in October 1971.[52] Rowan and Lawford separated two years later and divorced in January 1975. In June 1976 he married aspiring actress Deborah Gould, whom he had known for three weeks.[53] Lawford and Gould separated two months after marrying and divorced in 1977. Following the divorce, Lawford moved into the Sierra Towers where he lived for the next few years on the thirtieth floor. During his separation from Gould, Lawford met Patricia Seaton who became his fourth and final wife in July 1984, just months before his death.[54]

Death[edit]

Lawford died at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles on Christmas Eve 1984, aged 61, from cardiac arrest. He had suffered from kidney and liver failure after years of substance abuse.[55] His body was cremated, and his ashes were interred at Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery.[56] Owing to a dispute between his widow and the cemetery, Lawford's ashes were removed from the cemetery in 1988 and scattered into the Pacific Ocean off the coast of California by his widow Patricia Seaton Lawford, who invited the National Enquirer tabloid to photograph the event.[57]

For his contribution to the television industry, Peter Lawford has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame located at 6920 Hollywood Blvd.[58]

A plaque bearing Lawford's name was erected at Westwood Village Memorial Park[citation needed]

Filmography[edit]

Film
Year Film Role Notes
1930 Poor Old Bill Horace
1931 A Gentleman of Paris Child Uncredited
1938 Lord Jeff Benny Potter
1942 Mrs. Miniver Pilot Uncredited
1942 Eagle Squadron Pilot
1942 A Yank at Eton Ronnie Kenvil
1942 Thunder Birds English Cadet Uncredited
Alternative title: Soldiers of the Air
1942 Junior Army Cadet Wilbur
1942 Random Harvest Soldier Uncredited
1943 Immortal Sergeant Soldier Uncredited
1943 London Blackout Murders Percy – Soldier on Train Uncredited
1943 Assignment in Brittany Navigator Uncredited
1943 The Purple V Roger
1943 Flesh and Fantasy Pierrot (Episode 1) Uncredited
1943 Above Suspicion Student Uncredited
1943 Pilot No. 5 British Soldier Uncredited
1943 The Sky's the Limit Naval Commander Uncredited
1943 The Man from Down Under Mr. Jones Uncredited
1943 Someone to Remember Joe Downes Alternative title: Gallant Thoroughbred
1943 The West Side Kid Jerry Winston
1943 Sahara British soldier Uncredited
1943 Sherlock Holmes Faces Death Young Sailor at Bar Uncredited
1943 Corvette K-225 Naval Officer Uncredited
1943 Paris After Dark Frenchman Uncredited
1943 Girl Crazy Student Uncredited
1944 The Adventures of Mark Twain Young Oxford Celebrant Uncredited
1944 The White Cliffs of Dover John Ashwood II as a Young Man
1944 The Canterville Ghost Anthony de Canterville
1944 Mrs. Parkington Lord Thornley
1945 The Picture of Dorian Gray David Stone
1945 Son of Lassie Joe Carraclough
1945 Ziegfeld Follies Porky in "Number Please" Voice, Uncredited
1945 Perfect Strangers Introduction – USA Version Uncredited
Alternative title: Vacation from Marriage
1946 Two Sisters from Boston Lawrence Tyburn Patterson, Jr.
1946 Cluny Brown Andrew Carmel
1947 My Brother Talks to Horses John S. Penrose
1947 It Happened in Brooklyn Jamie Shellgrove
1947 Good News Tommy Marlowe
1948 On an Island with You Lt. Lawrence Y. Kingslee
1948 Easter Parade Jonathan Harrow III
1948 Julia Misbehaves Ritchie Lorgan
1949 Little Women Theodore "Laurie" Laurence
1949 The Red Danube Major John "Twingo" McPhimister
1950 Please Believe Me Jeremy Taylor
1951 Royal Wedding Lord John Brindale Alternative title: Wedding Bells
1952 Just This Once Mark MacLene IV
1952 Kangaroo Richard Connor Alternative title: The Australian Story
1952 You for Me Tony Brown
1952 The Hour of 13 Nicholas Revel
1953 Rogue's March Capt. Dion Lenbridge / Pvt. Harry Simms
1954 It Should Happen to You Evan Adams III
1959 Never So Few Capt. Grey Travis Alternative title: Campaign Burma
1960 Ocean's 11 Jimmy Foster
1960 Exodus Major Caldwell
1960 Pepe Himself
1962 Sergeants 3 Sgt. Larry Barrett
1962 Advise & Consent Senator Lafe Smith
1962 The Longest Day Brigadier Lord Lovat
1963 Johnny Cool
Executive producer
1964 Dead Ringer Tony Collins Alternative title: Dead Image
1965 Sylvia Frederic Summers
1965 Harlow Paul Bern
1965 Billie
Executive producer
1966 The Oscar Steve Marks
1966 A Man Called Adam Manny
1967 Dead Run Stephen Daine Alternative title: Geheimnisse in goldenen Nylons
1968 Quarta parete Papá Baroni
1968 Salt and Pepper Christopher Pepper Executive producer
1968 Buona Sera, Mrs. Campbell Justin Young
1968 Skidoo The Senator
1969 Hook, Line & Sinker Dr. Scott Carter
1969 The April Fools Ted Gunther
1970 One More Time Christopher Pepper / Lord Sydney Pepper Executive producer
1970 Togetherness Prince Solomon Justiani
1971 Clay Pigeon Government Agent Alternative title: Trip to Kill
1972 They Only Kill Their Masters Lee Campbell
1974 That's Entertainment! Himself (Co-Host)
1975 Rosebud Lord Carter
1976 Won Ton Ton, the Dog Who Saved Hollywood Slapstick Star
1979 Angels Revenge Burke Alternative title: Angels' Brigade
Seven from Heaven
1980 Gypsy Angels
1981 Body and Soul Big Man
1984 Where Is Parsifal? Montague Chippendale (final film role)
Television
Year Title Role Notes
1953 General Electric Theater John Episode: "Woman's World"
1953–1954 The Ford Television Theatre Various roles 3 episodes
1954–1955 Dear Phoebe Bill Hastings 32 episodes
1954–1957 Schlitz Playhouse of Stars Various roles 3 episodes
1955 Jane Wyman Presents The Fireside Theatre Stephen Episode: "Stephen and Publius Cyrus"
1955 Alfred Hitchcock Presents Charlie Raymond Episode: "The Long Shot"
1955 Screen Directors Playhouse Tom Macy Episode: "Tom and Jerry"
1956 Playhouse 90 Willis Wayde Episode: "Sincerely, Willis Wade"
1956–1957 Studio 57 Various roles 2 episodes
1957 Producers' Showcase Lord Brinstead Episode: "Ruggles of Red Gap"
1957 Climax! Tom Welles Episode: "Bait for the Tiger"
1957–1959 The Thin Man Nick Charles 72 episodes
1958 The Bob Cummings Show Himself Episode: "Bob Judges a Beauty Pageant"
1959 Goodyear Theatre Major John Marshall Episode: "Point of Impact"
1961 The Jack Benny Program Lord Milbeck Episode: "English Sketch"
1962 Theatre '62 Glen Morley Episode: "The Farmer's Daughter"
1965 The Alfred Hitchcock Hour Ernie Mullett Episode: "Crimson Witness"
1965 Profiles in Courage General Alexander William Doniphan Episode: "General Alexander William Doniphan"
1965 Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre Lt. Philip Cannon Episode: "March From Camp Tyler"
1966 Run for Your Life Larry Carter Episode: "Carnival Ends at Midnight"
1966 The Wild Wild West Carl Jackson Episode: "The Night of The Returning Dead"
1967 How I Spent My Summer Vacation Ned Pine Television film
1967 I Spy Hackaby Episode: "Get Thee to a Nunnery"
1971 A Step Out of Line Art Stoyer Television film
1971 The Virginian Ben Hunter Episode: "The Town Killer"
1971 Ellery Queen: Don't Look Behind You Ellery Queen Television film
1971–1973 The Doris Day Show Dr. Peter Lawrence 8 episodes
1972 Bewitched Harrison Woolcott Episode: "Serena's Richcraft"
1974 The Phantom of Hollywood Roger Cross Television film
1974 Born Free John Forbes Episode: Pilot
1977–1982 Fantasy Island Various roles 4 episodes
1978 Hawaii Five-O Kenneth Kirk Episode: "Frozen Assets"
1979 The Love Boat Teddy Smith Episode: "Murder on the High Seas/Sounds of Silence/Cyrano de Bricker"
1979 Highcliffe Manor Narrator 6 episodes
1979 Supertrain Quentin Fuller Episode: "A Very Formal Heist"
1979 Mysterious Island of Beautiful Women Gordon Duvall Television film
1981 The Jeffersons Museum Guide (Voice) Episode: "The House That George Built"

Radio appearances[edit]

Year Program Episode/source
1949 Lux Radio Theatre Green Dolphin Street[59]
1953 Suspense The Moonstone[60]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c (Lawford 1986, p. 34)
  2. ^ (Hischak 2008, p. 420)
  3. ^ Obituary Variety, 26 December 1984.
  4. ^ "Biography for Peter Lawford". Turner Classic Movies.
  5. ^ "ROYAL ARMY MEDICAL CORPS". London Gazette (32841): 4617. 3 July 1923. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  6. ^ (Wayne 2006, p. 280)
  7. ^ a b (Lawford 1986, p. 44)
  8. ^ (Lawford 1986, p. 48)
  9. ^ "Peter Lawford - Biography & History - AllMusic". AllMusic.
  10. ^ PETER LAWFORD: ENGLAND'S YOUNGEST FILM STAR The Bystander; London Vol. 109, Iss. 1417, (Feb 11, 1931): 262.
  11. ^ (Spada 1991, pp. 47–48)
  12. ^ (Spada 1991, p. 50)
  13. ^ (Wayne 2006, p. 281)
  14. ^ (Spada 1991, p. 65)
  15. ^ (Lawford 1986, p. 52)
  16. ^ "Fanny Brice to Team in Comedy: Nan Grey Assigned Novel Short Planned Diamond Story Set Film World Pageant", Los Angeles Times 24 March 1938, p. 10.
  17. ^ Peter Lawford Zylstra, Freida. Chicago Daily Tribune 2 May 1948: f20.
  18. ^ PETER LAWFORD IS DEAD; ACTOR ON FILM AND TV Burr Van Atta. Philadelphia Inquirer; Philadelphia, Pa. [Philadelphia, Pa]25 Dec 1984: A.1.
  19. ^ PETER LAWFORD Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963); Chicago, Ill. [Chicago, Ill]03 Mar 1946: F9.
  20. ^ "DRAMA: Alice Faye to Return in 'Frisco' Feature 'Hattie' Work Resumed Glider Yarn Announced Three Holt Films Set Texas 'Find' Gets Role Rowe to Screen-Debut", Los Angeles Times 7 April 1942, p. A8.
  21. ^ The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study.
  22. ^ a b c "Peter Lawford IMDb profile". Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  23. ^ The LIFE STORY of Peter LAWFORD Picture Show; London Vol. 51, Iss. 1309, (Feb 22, 1947): 12.
  24. ^ The Life Story of PETER LAWFORD Picture Show; London Vol. 62, Iss. 1617, (Mar 27, 1954): 12.
  25. ^ Universal to Make 'Chamber of Horrors' -- Bogart Ban Lifted -- 4 New Films This Week Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times (1923-Current file); New York, N.Y. [New York, N.Y]07 June 1943: 9.
  26. ^ Universal to Make 'Chamber of Horrors' – Bogart Ban Lifted – 4 New Films This Week, The New York Times (1923–Current file) [New York, NY], 7 June 1943: p. 9.
  27. ^ News From Hollywood Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 9 Aug 1943: 22.
  28. ^ (Spada 1991, p. 111)
  29. ^ Actor Peter Lawford, TV's 'Thin Man' Chicago Tribune 25 Dec 1984: c10.
  30. ^ Peter Lawford Pursues Comedy Destiny; Flashy Dietrich Tour Planned Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times (1923-1995); Los Angeles, Calif. [Los Angeles, Calif]14 Mar 1952: B7.
  31. ^ "Rogue's March", Turner Classic Monthly accessed 28 April 2015
  32. ^ Actor Peter Lawford to Wed Miss Kennedy Page, Eleanor. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963); Chicago, Ill. [Chicago, Ill]13 Feb 1954: 13.
  33. ^ Peter Lawford Buys 'Thin Man' The Washington Post and Times Herald (1954-1959); Washington, D.C. [Washington, D.C]03 Nov 1958: B6.
  34. ^ a b pp.117–121 Levy, Shawn Rat Pack Confidential 1998 Fourth Estate Ltd
  35. ^ (Spada 1991, p. 213)
  36. ^ Peter Lawford Becomes Citizen The Washington Post, Times Herald (1959-1973); Washington, D.C. [Washington, D.C]24 Apr 1960: 19.
  37. ^ (Spada 1991, p. 339)
  38. ^ Peter Lawford's 'Johnny Cool' The Christian Science Monitor7 Oct 1963: 10.
  39. ^ Peter Lawford Divorced by Late President's Sister in Idaho Court Los Angeles Times 2 Feb 1966: 2.
  40. ^ Peter Lawford in 'Dead Run' Martin, Betty. Los Angeles Times 21 Apr 1967: d11.
  41. ^ Peter Lawford Back in Town Humphrey, Hal. Los Angeles Times 15 Feb 1968: d16.
  42. ^ Peter Lawford Remarries The Washington Post, Times Herald (1959-1973); Washington, D.C. [Washington, D.C]01 Nov 1971: B2.
  43. ^ "Kennedy clan a US dynasty". The Courier-News. 26 Apr 1984. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  44. ^ (Spada 1991, p. 233)
  45. ^ (Spada 1991, p. 228)
  46. ^ (Schroeder 2004, pp. 81–82)
  47. ^ (Spada 1991, p. 207)
  48. ^ (Rorabaugh 2002, p. 146)
  49. ^ (Spada 1991, p. 366)
  50. ^ (Spada 1991, pp. 292–93)
  51. ^ (Spada 1991, p. 294)
  52. ^ (Spada 1991, pp. 410, 408)
  53. ^ (Spada 1991, p. 433)
  54. ^ (Bly 1999, pp. 187–88)
  55. ^ (Spada 1991, p. 468)
  56. ^ (Spada 1991, p. 469)
  57. ^ (Spada 1991, pp. 470–71)
  58. ^ "Peter Lawford | Hollywood Walk of Fame". Walkoffame.com. 8 February 1960. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  59. ^ "Radio's Golden Age". Nostalgia Digest. 39 (2): 40–41. Spring 2013.
  60. ^ Kirby, Walter (22 November 1953). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 46. Retrieved 8 July 2015 – via Newspapers.com. open access publication – free to read

Sources[edit]

  • Aaker, Everett (2006). Encyclopedia of Early Television Crime Fighters: All Regular Cast Members in American Crime and Mystery Series, 1948–1959. McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-2476-1.
  • Bly, Nellie (1999), The Kennedy Men: Three Generations of Sex, Scandal and Secrets, E-Reads Ltd., ISBN 0-7592-1233-3
  • Hischak, Thomas S. (2008), The Oxford Companion to the American Musical:Theatre, Film, and Television: Theatre, Film, and Television, Branden Pub Co, ISBN 0-195-33533-3
  • Lawford, May (1986), Bitch! The Autobiography of Lady Lawford, Branden Pub Co, ISBN 0-828-31995-2
  • Lawford, May; Galon, Buddy (1986). The Autobiography of Lady Lawford As Told to Buddy Galon. Brookline, Mass.: Branden Publishing Co. ISBN 0-8283-1995-2.
  • Rorabaugh, W.J. (2002), Kennedy and the Promise of the Sixties, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-81617-3
  • Schroeder, Alan (2004), Celebrity-in-Chief: How Show Business Took Over the White House, Westview Press, ISBN 0-8133-4137-X
  • Seaton, Patricia (1988). The Peter Lawford Story. New York: Carroll and Graf. ISBN 0-515-10264-4.
  • Spada, James (1991), Peter Lawford: The Man Who Kept the Secrets, Bantam Books, ISBN 0-553-07185-8
  • Wayne, Jane Ellen (2006), The Leading Men of MGM, Carroll & Graf, ISBN 0-7867-1768-8

External links[edit]