Peter Parker (Marvel Cinematic Universe)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Peter Parker
Marvel Cinematic Universe character
TomSpider.jpg
Peter Parker / Spider-Man, as portrayed by Tom Holland in Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017)
First appearance
Created by
Based onSpider-Man
Adapted by
  • Christopher Markus
  • Stephen McFeely
Portrayed by
Information
AliasSpider-Man
Occupation
Affiliation
FamilyMay Parker (aunt)
NationalityAmerican

Peter Parker is a fictional character portrayed by Tom Holland in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) film franchise—based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name—commonly known by his alter ego, Spider-Man. In the films, Parker is a high school student at Midtown School of Science and Technology while secretly being a vigilante. He is also the protégé of Tony Stark whom he tries to emulate.

As of 2019, the character is one of the central figures of the MCU, having appeared prominently in five films from his introduction in Captain America: Civil War up to Spider-Man: Far From Home. In Iron Man 2, director Jon Favreau's son Max appears as a child wearing an Iron Man mask whom Iron Man saves from a drone. This was, retroactively, the introduction of a young Peter Parker to the MCU, as confirmed in June 2017 by Holland, producer Kevin Feige and Homecoming director Jon Watts.[1][2]

Concept and creation[edit]

Holland at the 2016 San Diego Comic-Con

Peter Parker first premiered as a comic book character in the anthology comic book Amazing Fantasy #15 (August 1962). Following a surge in teenage demand for comic books, Marvel Comics editor and head writer Stan Lee wanted to create a character with whom teens could identify.[3]:1 Lee cited pulp magazine crime fighter the Spider as an influence,[4]:130 and stated that he was further inspired by seeing a spider climb up a wall—adding in his autobiography that he has told that story so often he has become unsure of whether or not this is true.[note 1] Lee "wanted the character to be a very human guy, someone who makes mistakes, who worries, who gets acne, has trouble with his girlfriend, things like that".[5] Jack Kirby, meanwhile, had an unpublished character on which he had collaborated with Joe Simon in the 1950s, in which an orphaned boy living with an old couple finds a magic ring that granted him superhuman powers. Lee and Kirby had a story conference, and Lee directed Kirby to flesh out the character and draw some pages.[6]:12 Unsatisfied with Kirby's story direction, Lee turned the project over to Steve Ditko, who designed the character with a costume with a face mask, a clinging power, and wrist-fired webs.[7] Under Kirby's direction, the character "became high-school student Peter Parker, who gets his spider powers after being bitten by a radioactive spider".[8]

A tokusatsu (live-action) series featuring Peter Parker as Spider-Man, "Supaidā-Man" was produced by Toei and aired in Japan from 1978 to 1979.[9] The character was featured in a trilogy of live-action films directed by Sam Raimi and starring Tobey Maguire as the titular superhero, with installments released in 2002, 2004, and 2007. A third sequel was originally scheduled to be released in 2011, however Sony later decided to reboot the franchise with a new director and cast. The reboot, titled The Amazing Spider-Man, was released in 2012; directed by Marc Webb and starring Andrew Garfield as the new Spider-Man,[10][11][12] followed by a sequel in 2014.[13][14]

Following the November 2014 hacking of Sony Pictures' computers, emails between Sony Pictures Entertainment co-chairman Amy Pascal and president Doug Belgrad were released stating that Marvel wanted to include Spider-Man (whose film rights are licensed to Sony) in Captain America: Civil War, but talks between the studios concerning this were believed to have broken down.[15] However, in February 2015, the studios reached a licensing deal for the use of Spider-Man in an MCU film,[16] and reports indicated that the character would indeed appear in Civil War.[17][18][19] According to the deal, Sony Pictures would continue to own, finance, distribute, and exercise final creative control over the Spider-Man films.[16] The next month, Marvel Entertainment CCO Joe Quesada indicated that the Peter Parker version of the character would be used,[20] which Feige confirmed in April.[21] Feige also stated that Marvel had been working to add Spider-Man to the MCU since at least October 2014.[22] The following June, Feige clarified that the initial Sony deal does not allow the character to appear in any of the MCU television series, as it was "very specific... with a certain amount of back and forth allowed."[23] The same month, the companies announced that after many auditions, Tom Holland had been cast to play Spider-Man within the MCU. Tom Holland made his debut as Spider-Man in Civil War, before later starring in Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017); directed by Jon Watts.[24][25] Holland reprised his role as Spider-Man in Avengers: Infinity War (2018),[26][27] Avengers: Endgame (2019)[28] and Spider-Man: Far From Home (2019).[29]

In August 2019, negotiations between Sony and Marvel broke down, leaving the character's future in the MCU uncertain. The following month, however, the companies agreed to a new deal to have Spider-Man return to the MCU, beginning with a sequel to Spider-Man: Far From Home, to be released on July 16, 2021. Disney will provide 25% of the film's budget and receive 25% of its profit.[30]

Characterization[edit]

Tom Holland first appears as Peter Parker in the MCU in Captain America: Civil War, where he is recruited by Tony Stark to help him arrest Captain America and his rogue Avengers. Producer Kevin Feige said that Parker would be torn between superhero ideologies, saying, "Does he want to be like these other characters? Does he want nothing to do with these other characters? How does that impact his experience, being this grounded but super powerful hero? Those are all the things that Stan Lee and Steve Ditko played with in the first 10 years of his comics, and that now we can play with for the first time in a movie."[31] On aligning with Tony Stark, Anthony Russo said that, despite entering the conflict after the two factions have formed and not having much political investment, Parker's choice comes from "a very personal relationship" he develops with Stark.[32][33] The Russos hoped "to take a very logical and realistic and naturalistic approach to the character" compared to the previous film portrayals. Anthony Russo added that the character's introduction had to fit "that specific tonal stylistic world" of the MCU, as well as the tone established by the directors in Winter Soldier, saying, "It's a little more grounded and a little more hard-core contemporary." That was "coloring our choices a lot" with Parker.[34] On the Spider-Man suit, Joe Russo described it as "a slightly more traditional, Steve Ditko influenced suit," and that the film would explore the way the suit operates, particularly the mechanical eyes.[35]

Marvel Cinematic Universe[edit]

Appearances[edit]

  • A scene in Iron Man 2 (2010) depicts a young boy in a child's Iron Man mask standing bravely in front of one of Justin Hammer's robots, which takes aim at him. Just in time, the boy is rescued by Tony Stark / Iron Man. Tom Holland confirmed in a 2017 interview that it was retroactively decided that the boy was Peter Parker.[36] Max Favreau, the son of director Jon Favreau, plays young Peter Parker.[37]
  • The first reference to Spider-Man within the Marvel Cinematic Universe, following the deal with Sony, is at the end of Ant-Man. According to director Peyton Reed,[38] the reference is made by a reporter who says to Samuel "Sam" Wilson / Falcon who is looking for Ant-Man. The reporter states, "Well, we got everything nowadays. We got a guy who jumps, we got a guy who swings, we got a guy who crawls up the walls, you gotta be more specific."
  • Peter Parker's first on-screen Marvel Cinematic Universe appearance is in Captain America: Civil War (2016), when Tony Stark recruits him to fight alongside his faction of the Avengers. Holland chose not to read the whole Civil War script in order to avoid potentially leaking plot information publicly.[39]
  • In Spider-Man: Homecoming, directed by Jon Watts,[40][41] Parker balances his high school life with his duties as Spider-Man, while being mentored by Tony Stark, as he battles an illegal weapons vendor known as the Vulture.[24]
  • Holland reprises his role as Peter Parker / Spider-Man in Avengers: Infinity War. In the film, Parker joins Stark, Stephen Strange, Star-Lord, Drax and Mantis in combating Thanos on Titan and is one of the intergalactic despot's victims when he assembles the Infinity Gauntlet.[42]
  • Spider-Man appeared in Avengers: Endgame, in which Bruce Banner resurrects him after the Avengers collect the Infinity Stones from the past to undo Thanos's culling. Parker joins the other restored Avengers in a clash against a past version of Thanos who traveled to the present.[43]
  • Spider-Man returned in Spider-Man: Far From Home.[44] In the film, Peter Parker travels with his classmates to Europe on a summer trip, but returns to superheroics when Nick Fury recruits him to team up with Mysterio against the Elementals.
  • A sequel to Far From Home is set to be released on July 16, 2021.[30]

Fictional character biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

In the continuity of the Marvel Cinematic Universe, Peter Benjamin Parker was born in Queens, New York City on August 10, 2001. Since his childhood, Parker was raised by his Aunt May and Uncle Ben, the latter of whom died later in his life. Parker attended the Midtown School of Science and Technology, where he befriended his classmate Ned Leeds but also found himself deadlocked in rivalry with Flash Thompson. In 2010, Parker visited the Stark Expo. During his visit, Hammer Drones began attacking the expo sent by Ivan Vanko, prompting Tony Stark, to fight them as Iron Man.[1] One drone landed in front of Parker, who held his hand up in defiance. Iron Man arrived shortly afterward and annihilated the drone, thanking Parker for his help before flying off to continue his battle, leaving Parker awestruck.[2] In adolescence, Parker was bitten by a spider and acquired superhuman powers, including strength and speed proportional to that of a spider and an uncanny ability to adhere to walls. After the death of his uncle, Parker resolved to use his abilities to help those in need and becoming Spider-Man.

Avengers Civil War[edit]

In Captain America: Civil War, Parker is found in New York City by Tony Stark, who recruits Parker into the Avengers and provides him with a new suit in exchange for his help in dealing with Steve Rogers and his faction, the latter having gone rogue in the wake of the implementation of the Sokovia Accords. During the battle Parker proves to be a formidable opponent, going toe-to-toe with Falcon, Winter Soldier, and finally Captain America himself. Parker later helps Stark and War Machine take down Giant-Man / Ant-Man but is injured in the fight and sent home by a grateful Stark.

Conflict with the Vulture[edit]

In Spider-Man: Homecoming, he is mentored and monitored by Stark primarily through the latter's chauffeur Happy Hogan, while balancing his high school life with his vigilantism. He later stumbles on a group of smugglers and criminals led by the mysterious Vulture, who is revealed to be the father of his high school crush and Decathlon leader Liz Allan and goes on a quest to defeat them to prove his mettle to Stark and his worthiness of being an Avenger which he dreams of becoming. However, after defeating Vulture, he declines Stark's offer of membership and decides to be a friendly-neighbourhood Spider-Man instead.

The Infinity War[edit]

In Avengers: Infinity War on a school bus, being alerted to Thanos' invasion by his spider-sense. He sets out to investigate and ends up saving Iron Man from Cull Obsidian. He later joins Stark, much to the latter's chagrin, in rescuing an abducted Doctor Strange from Ebony Maw. The two kill Maw by ejecting him out of his ship into deep space, and free Strange. The trio then head to Titan to confront Thanos, where they are joined by several members of the Guardians of the Galaxy in combating the Mad Titan. The heroes are ultimately defeated and, upon Thanos snapping his fingers with a completed Infinity Gauntlet in Wakanda, Parker along with Strange and the Guardians (except Nebula) are reduced to dust, alongside half of the people in the universe.

Five years later, in Avengers: Endgame, Bruce Banner uses a reconstructed Infinity Gauntlet to bring back everyone who had been destroyed by Thanos, including Parker, who is then transported to Earth by Doctor Strange to help fight an invasion by Thanos and his armies. Parker has an emotional reunion with Stark, and helps to protect the new Infinity Gauntlet from being taken by Thanos, until he is overwhelmed, and passes the gauntlet on to Captain Marvel. Tony Stark sacrifices his life to use the Infinity Gauntlet to disintegrate Thanos and his army, and Parker later attends Stark's funeral.

School Trip to Europe[edit]

Eight months later, Parker's school restarts its academic year to accommodate the students who were among those resurrected. The school organizes a two-week summer field trip to Europe. Parker, while still distraught over Stark's death, plans to confess his growing feelings for classmate MJ. He attends a fundraiser for the homeless, coordinated by his Aunt May. There he disconnects a call from Fury and leaves after being posed questions about Stark.

In Venice, Italy, during the trip, Parker and his friends are among those attacked by the Water Elemental, which proceeds to wreak havoc on the city; Quentin Beck arrives and destroys the creature, while Parker attempts to help. Fury sabotages Parker's trip and gives him Stark's glasses, equipped with the artificial intelligence E.D.I.T.H., which were meant for Stark's successor. Parker rejects Fury's plea for help and rejoins his class, but Fury covertly redirects the school trip's itinerary to Prague, where the Fire Elemental is projected to strike. It appears there at a carnival, but Beck, with Parker's help, destroys it. Fury and Hill invite Parker and Beck to Berlin to discuss the formation of a new superhero team. Parker considers Beck worthy of being Stark's successor and bequeaths him the E.D.I.T.H. glasses.

MJ deduces that Parker is Spider-Man. They discover that a piece of detritus she retrieved during the battle is a projector that presents an image of the Air Elemental. The two realize Beck is a fraud. At a nearby pub, Beck — a former holographic-illusions specialist at Stark Industries who was fired for being unstable — thanks his team of fellow disgruntled ex-Stark employees. Parker travels to Berlin and meets with Fury, only to realize that the version before him is an illusion created by Beck. Parker battles multiple illusions and is ultimately hit by a train. Surviving the impact badly injured, he falls unconscious in a train car. Awakening in a jail cell in the Netherlands, he breaks out and contacts Happy Hogan. Hogan flies Parker to London and reveals a suit-manufacturing machine left behind by Stark, which Parker uses to synthesize a customized costume. In London, Beck, seeking to kill MJ and any others to whom she might have revealed his secret, orchestrates a tempest Elemental. Parker breaks through the illusion using his "Peter-Tingle", gains control of E.D.I.T.H., and defeats Beck, who is shot by a misfired gun and apparently dies. Peter reunites with MJ on the bridge, where he tells her he wanted to romance her on the European trip. The two confess their feelings to each other and share their very first kiss on the Tower Bridge.

Exposed[edit]

Parker returns to New York City and begins a relationship with MJ. In a mid-credits scene, J. Jonah Jameson, publisher of TheDailyBugle.net, blames Spider-Man for the Elementals' attacks, broadcasting modified footage of the incident filmed and recorded by Beck in which he reveals Parker is Spider-Man.

Differences from the comics[edit]

The MCU depiction of Peter Parker omits explicit reference to the death of Parker's Uncle Ben, whose death was a significant event both in the comic books and in previous film series.[45] Parker's Spider-Man suits are also designed by Stark or built with Stark Industries technology, whereas in the comics Parker designed and constructed his suits himself.

Another change is Parker's close paternal relationship with Stark. This was partially adapted from the Ultimate Comics where Stark and Parker share a trainer-trainee relationship.

Accolades[edit]

Holland has received numerous nominations and awards for his portrayal of Peter Parker.

Year Film Award Category Result Ref(s)
2016 Captain America: Civil War Golden Schmoes Awards Breakthrough Performance of the Year Won [46]
Teen Choice Awards Choice Movie: Scene Stealer Nominated [47]
2017 Empire Awards Best Male Newcomer Nominated [48]
Saturn Awards Best Performance by a Younger Actor Won [49]
Spider-Man: Homecoming London Film Critics' Circle Awards Young British/Irish Performer of the Year Nominated [50]
Teen Choice Awards Choice Breakout Movie Star Nominated [51]
Choice Summer Movie Actor Won
2018 Saturn Awards Best Performance by a Younger Actor Won [52]
Avengers: Infinity War Teen Choice Awards Choice Action Movie Actor Nominated [53]
2019 Spider-Man: Far From Home Teen Choice Awards Choice Summer Movie Actor Won [54]
Saturn Awards Best Performance by a Younger Actor Won [55]
People's Choice Awards Male Movie Star of 2019 Nominated [56]
Action Movie Star of 2019 Won

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lee, Stan; Mair, George (2002). Excelsior!: The Amazing Life of Stan Lee. Fireside. ISBN 0-684-87305-2.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bradley, Bill (June 26, 2017). "Tom Holland Confirms Popular Fan Theory: Spider-Man Was In 'Iron Man 2'". HuffPost. Archived from the original on June 26, 2017. Retrieved June 26, 2017.
  2. ^ a b Ryan, Mark (June 27, 2017). "'Spider-Man: Homecoming' Director Jon Watts Explains Real Story Behind Peter Parker's 'Iron Man 2' Cameo". Uproxx. Archived from the original on June 27, 2017. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
  3. ^ DeFalco, Tom; Lee, Stan (2001). O'Neill, Cynthia (ed.). Spider-Man: The Ultimate Guide. New York: Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 0-7894-7946-X.
  4. ^ Lee, Stan; Mair, George (2002). Excelsior!: The Amazing Life of Stan Lee. Fireside. ISBN 0-684-87305-2.
  5. ^ Detroit Free Press interview with Stan Lee, quoted in The Steve Ditko Reader by Greg Theakston (Pure Imagination, Brooklyn, NY; ISBN 1-56685-011-8), p. 12 (unnumbered).
  6. ^ Theakston, Greg (2002). The Steve Ditko Reader. Brooklyn, New York: Pure Imagination. ISBN 1-56685-011-8.
  7. ^ Ditko, Steve (2000). Roy Thomas (ed.). Alter Ego: The Comic Book Artist Collection. TwoMorrows Publishing. ISBN 1-893905-06-3.
  8. ^ Simon, Joe, with Jim Simon. The Comic Book Makers (Crestwood/II, 1990) ISBN 1-887591-35-4.
  9. ^ "Japanese Spider-Man". Retrieved November 18, 2010.
  10. ^ "EXCLUSIVE: 'Spider-Man 4' Scrapped; Sam Rami & Tobey Maguire & Cast Out; Franchise Reboot for 2012". Deadline.com. January 11, 2010. Archived from the original on August 23, 2011. Retrieved January 11, 2010.
  11. ^ ""Spider-Man" Film Gets Reboot; Sam Raimi, Tobey Maguire Out". Zap2It.com. January 11, 2010. Retrieved January 11, 2010.
  12. ^ Tobey Maguire and Sam Raimi part ways with Spider-Man franchise
  13. ^ "Andrew Garfield & Marc Webb Return For 'Amazing Spider-Man 2'". Huffington Post. September 28, 2012. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
  14. ^ Truitt, Brian (July 20, 2013). "Garfield relishes web-swinging in 'Amazing Spider-Man 2'". USA Today. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
  15. ^ Fritz, Ben (December 9, 2014). "Sony, Marvel Discussed Spider-Man Movie Crossover". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on December 10, 2014. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
  16. ^ a b "Sony Pictures Entertainment Brings Marvel Studios Into The Amazing World Of Spider-Man". Marvel.com. February 9, 2015. Archived from the original on February 10, 2015. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  17. ^ Fritz, Ben (February 9, 2015). "Marvel and Sony Reach Deal on Spider-Man Movie Production". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on February 11, 2015. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  18. ^ McNary, David (March 3, 2015). "Russo Brothers Sign First-Look Deal with Sony". Variety. Archived from the original on March 3, 2015. Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  19. ^ Lesnick, Silas (February 9, 2015). "It's Official: Spider-Man Enters the Marvel Cinematic Universe!". SuperHeroHype. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  20. ^ Quesada, Joe (March 22, 2015). "Have you seen any visual concepts/early designs". Tumblr. Retrieved March 22, 2015. The trick to making any incarnation of Spider-Man great, whether comics, animation or film is Peter Parker. Get Peter's character right and the rest falls into place.
  21. ^ Khatchatourian, Maane. "'Spider-Man': New Movie Stars Teen Peter Parker". Variety. Retrieved May 15, 2015.
  22. ^ Bibbiani, William (April 11, 2015). "Exclusive: Marvel's Spider-Man Reboot is NOT an Origin Story". CraveOnline.com. Archived from the original on April 12, 2015. Retrieved April 11, 2015.
  23. ^ Faraci, Devin (June 28, 2015). "Kevin Feige: Next Spider-Man Will Have New Villains, John Hughes Vibe". Birth. Movies. Death. Archived from the original on June 29, 2015. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
  24. ^ a b Lang, Brett (April 12, 2016). "'Spider-Man' Movie Gets Official Title". Variety. Archived from the original on April 13, 2016. Retrieved April 13, 2016.
  25. ^ "Sony Pictures and Marvel Studios Find Their 'Spider-Man' Star and Director" (Press release). Marvel.com. June 23, 2015. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
  26. ^ Busch, Anita (February 11, 2017). "Robert Downey, Jr. Confirms Spider-Man Character in 'Avengers: Infinity War' On FB Live". Deadline. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  27. ^ Goldberg, Matt. "'Avengers: Infinity War': Kevin Feige Reveals Spider-Man's Screentime". Retrieved April 27, 2018.
  28. ^ Kit, Borys; Couch, Aaron (April 18, 2017). "Marvel's Kevin Feige on Why the Studio Won't Make R-Rated Movies, 'Guardians 2' and Joss Whedon's DC Move". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on April 18, 2017. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
  29. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (December 9, 2016). "'Spider-Man: Homecoming 2' Shoots Web Around Independence Day 2019 Frame; 'Bad Boys 4' Moves To Memorial Day". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on December 10, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  30. ^ a b Lang, Brent (September 27, 2019). "Sony, Marvel Make Up: Companies Will Produce Third 'Spider-Man' Film". Variety. Archived from the original on September 27, 2019. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
  31. ^ Schwartz, Terri (June 27, 2015). "How Marvel's 'Spider-Man' is telling a brand new Peter Parker story". Zap2it. Archived from the original on June 28, 2015. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
  32. ^ Miller, Ross (March 10, 2016). "Spider-Man makes first appearance in new Captain America: Civil War trailer". The Verge. Archived from the original on March 10, 2016. Retrieved March 10, 2016.
  33. ^ Jayson, Jay (January 11, 2016). "Spider-Man Develops A Very Personal Relationship In Captain America: Civil War". Comicbook.com. Archived from the original on January 12, 2016. Retrieved January 11, 2016.
  34. ^ Davis, Brandon (January 8, 2016). "Exclusive: Captain America: Civil War Directors Explain How Their Spider-Man Is Different". Comicbook.com. Archived from the original on January 9, 2016. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  35. ^ Thompson, Simon (March 16, 2016). "Russo Brothers Talk 'Captain America: Civil War', Their Plans for Spider-Man And Post-Credits Scenes". Forbes. Archived from the original on March 17, 2016. Retrieved March 16, 2016.
  36. ^ Bradley, Bill (June 26, 2017). "Tom Holland Confirms Fan Theory About Spider-Man's Cameo In 'Iron Man 2'". Huffington Post. Retrieved June 26, 2017.
  37. ^ Ryan, Mark (June 27, 2017). "'Spider-Man: Homecoming' Director Jon Watts Explains Real Story Behind Peter Parker's 'Iron Man 2' Cameo". Uproxx. Archived from the original on June 27, 2017. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
  38. ^ Wilding, Josh (July 20, 2015). "Peyton Reed talks about that Spider-Man reference in Ant-Man". Spidermannews.com. Archived from the original on October 10, 2016.
  39. ^ Anderson, Kyle (December 8, 2015). "Even Tom Holland, who plays Spider-Man, doesn't quite know what Spider-Man does in Civil War". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on December 14, 2015. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  40. ^ Perry, Spencer (June 23, 2015). "Tom Holland is the New Spider-Man and Will be Directed by Jon Watts!". SuperHeroHype. Archived from the original on November 19, 2015.
  41. ^ Kroll, Justin (June 23, 2015). "Tom Holland Is the new Spider-Man, Jon Watts to Direct Film". Variety. Archived from the original on October 27, 2015.
  42. ^ Couch, Aaron (February 10, 2017). "'Avengers: Infinity War' Featurette Shows Off First Footage From Set". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on February 11, 2017. Retrieved February 10, 2017.
  43. ^ Kit, Borys; Couch, Aaron (April 18, 2017). "Marvel's Kevin Feige on Why the Studio Won't Make R-Rated Movies, 'Guardians 2' and Joss Whedon's DC Move". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on April 18, 2017. Retrieved October 13, 2019.
  44. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (December 9, 2016). "'Spider-Man: Homecoming 2' Shoots Web Around Independence Day 2019 Frame; 'Bad Boys 4' Moves To Memorial Day". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on December 10, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  45. ^ Mueller, Matthew (August 2, 2017). "Uncle Ben Confirmed For The Marvel Cinematic Universe". Comicbook.com.
  46. ^ "Winners and Nominees (2016)". JoBlo.com. Archived from the original on July 6, 2019. Retrieved October 13, 2019.
  47. ^ Eliahou, Maya (June 9, 2016). "Teen Choice Awards 2016—Captain America: Civil War Leads Second Wave of Nominations". E! News. Archived from the original on June 12, 2016. Retrieved October 13, 2019.
  48. ^ Dyer, James (February 7, 2017). "2017 Three Empire Awards Nominations Announced". Empire. Archived from the original on February 7, 2019. Retrieved October 13, 2019.
  49. ^ McNary, Dave (March 2, 2017). "Saturn Awards Nominations 2017: 'Rogue One,' 'Walking Dead' Lead". Variety. Archived from the original on March 3, 2017. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
  50. ^ Cline, Rich (December 9, 2017). "Three Billboards leads nominees for Critics' Circle Film Awards". London Film Critics' Circle. Archived from the original on December 20, 2017. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
  51. ^ Vulpo, Mike (July 12, 2017). "Teen Choice Awards 2017 Reveal "Second Wave" of Nominations". E! Online. Archived from the original on July 12, 2017. Retrieved July 12, 2017.
  52. ^ Hammond, Pete (June 27, 2018). "'Black Panther' Tops 44th Saturn Awards With Five; 'Blade Runner 2049' , 'Shape Of Water', 'Get Out' Also Score". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  53. ^ Cohen, Jess (June 13, 2018). "Teen Choice Awards 2018: Avengers: Infinity War, Black Panther and Riverdale Among Top Nominees". E! News. Archived from the original on June 13, 2018. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
  54. ^ Clarendon, Dan (August 11, 2019). "Teen Choice Awards 2019: Complete List of Winners and Nominees". Us Weekly. Archived from the original on August 12, 2019. Retrieved August 11, 2019.
  55. ^ Anderton, Ethan (September 14, 2019). "2019 Saturn Awards Winners: 'Avengers: Endgame' Dominates with Six Total Awards". /Film. Archived from the original on September 21, 2019. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
  56. ^ Nordyke, Kimberly; Howard, Annie (November 10, 2019). "People's Choice Awards: 'Avengers: Endgame' Named Best Movie". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on November 11, 2019. Retrieved November 11, 2019.

External links[edit]