Peter Pavel Glavar

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Peter Pavel Glavar
Peter Pavel Glavar
Born 2 May 1721
Ljubljana
Died 24 January 1784
Occupation Roman Catholic priest
beekeeper
writer
businessman

Peter Pavel Glavar (2 May 1721 – 24 January 1784) was a Carniolan Roman Catholic priest, beekeeper, writer, and businessman.

Glavar was born in Ljubljana and was an illegitimate and abandoned child of the Maltese noble Pietro Giacomo de Testaferrata and of a local servant.[1][2] He was raised in Vopovlje in northern Carniola.[1] As he was a quick learner, he went to study for a priest to Ljubljana and about 1738 to Graz, where he became a master of liberal arts (Latin: magister artium liberalium).[2] There he also got acquainted with economic theories of French physiocrats. His education was wide and he was fluent in several European languages.[1]

Glavar's house in Komenda

Glavar returned to Carniola around 1743.[2] He settled in Komenda in northern Carniola, where he established a school in 1751, and erected a benefice building with a library in 1752.[3] The library still stands and comprises around 2,000 books from a multitude of fields of science and arts.[1][3] A mighty lime tree in Komenda was presumably planted by Glavar in 1748 and has been named after him.[4] Glavar collaborated with artists and ordered Franc Jelovšek to paint the beneficiary house and the local church.[3] From 1754 until 1760,[5] he edited the first Slovene-language parish family book, writing the data about the inhabitants of Komenda.[1] In 1761–66, he erected the High-Baroque St. Anne's Church in Tunjice.[6]

In 1766, Glavar bought Lanšprež Castle (German: Landspreis) in Gomila near Mirna in the central Carniola,[2] where he kept an apiary with about 200 quite profitable hives.[1] He also established a beekeeping school there and wrote several texts on beekeeping, including Pogovor o čebelnih rojih (Discussion About Bee Swarms) from 1776–78, which was the first Slovene-language scholarly text, but was lost and was published only in 1976.[7] He was a supporter of poor students.[1] He died at Lanšprež Castle aged 62 years. His assets were distributed among the poor and used for the establishment of Glavar Hospital in Komenda in 1804.[1]

In 2006, a TV-documentary was produced about Peter Pavel Glavar.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "GLAVAR, Peter Pavel". Gorenjci.si (in Slovenian). City Library of Kranj. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d Glonar, Joža (1925–1991 (printed ed.). 2009 (electronic ed.)). "Glavar Peter Pavel". In Vide Ogrin, Petra (electronic ed.). Cankar, Izidor et al. (printed ed.). Slovenski biografski leksikon (in Slovenian). ISBN 978-961-268-001-5.  Check date values in: |year= (help)
  3. ^ a b c d "Filmski portret Petra Pavla Glavarja" [A Film Portrait of Peter Pavel Glavar]. MMC RTV Slovenija. 10 December 2006. ISSN 1581-372X. 
  4. ^ Šmid Hribar, Mateja. "Glavarjeva lipa". In Golež, Gregor; Podjed, Dan; Kladnik, Drago; Erhartič, Bojan; Pavlin, Primož; Ines, Jerele. Enciklopedija naravne in kulturne dediščine na Slovenskem – DEDI [Encyclopedia of Natural and Cultural Heritage in Slovenia] (in Slovenian). Retrieved 22 July 2012.  Missing |last1= in Editors list (help)
  5. ^ Demšar, Viktorijan (1979). "Prebivalci Komende po družinski knjigi Petra Pavla Glavarja" [The Inhabitants of Komenda as Described in the Family Book by Peter Pavel Glavar]. Kronika: časopis za slovensko krajevno zgodovino [The Chronicle: the Newspaper for the Slovenian History of Places] (in Slovenian). Association of Slovenian Historical Societies, Section for the History of Places. 27 (1). ISSN 0023-4923. 
  6. ^ Vidrih, Rebeka. "Cerkev sv. Ane v Tunjicah". In Šmid Hribar, Mateja; Golež, Gregor; Podjed, Dan; Kladnik, Drago; Erhartič, Bojan; Pavlin, Primož; Ines, Jerele. Enciklopedija naravne in kulturne dediščine na Slovenskem – DEDI [Encyclopedia of Natural and Cultural Heritage in Slovenia] (in Slovenian). Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  7. ^ Ciraj, Marta (2011). "Pogovor o čebelnih rojih". In Šmid Hribar, Mateja; Golež, Gregor; Podjed, Dan; Kladnik, Drago; Erhartič, Bojan; Pavlin, Primož; Ines, Jerele. Enciklopedija naravne in kulturne dediščine na Slovenskem – DEDI [Encyclopedia of Natural and Cultural Heritage in Slovenia] (in Slovenian).