Peter John Preston
23 May 1938
Barrow upon Soar, Leicestershire, England
|Died||6 January 2018(aged 79)|
|Education||Loughborough Grammar School|
|Alma mater||St John's College, Oxford|
|Occupation(s)||Journalist, author, and editor|
|Title||Editor, The Guardian|
|Children||4, including Ben Preston|
|Relatives||Janice Turner (daughter-in-law)|
Peter John Preston (23 May 1938 – 6 January 2018) was a British journalist and author. He was editor of The Guardian for twenty years, from 1975 to 1995.
Peter Preston was born in Barrow upon Soar, Leicestershire, the son of John Preston, a greengrocery business manager, and his wife, Kathlyn Preston (née Chell). He grew up in the village of Quorn, two miles south of Loughborough.
His father died from polio when Preston was a child, and he subsequently caught the disease; he spent 18 months in and out of hospital, including time in an iron lung. The disease caused permanent damage to his body. He was educated at Loughborough Grammar School and St John's College, Oxford, where he edited the student paper Cherwell.
Preston started his career at the Liverpool Daily Post in 1959, and joined The Guardian (then the Manchester Guardian) in 1963. He rose to become editor in 1975 and remained so for more than twenty years, retiring in 1995. He reported on Conservative MPs, including the perjurious Jonathan Aitken and the cash-for-questions affair involving Neil Hamilton and Tim Smith. In both instances, a source was Harrod's and Paris Ritz owner Mohammed Al-Fayed. Preston was also editor when The Guardian was forced to hand over leaked government documents, which were then traced to a Foreign Office copier, leading to Sarah Tisdall, who was subsequently imprisoned under the Official Secrets Act 1911.
He continued as a columnist for the rest of his life. He contributed a weekly column to The Observer, "Peter Preston on press and broadcasting", devoted mainly to news about newspapers, their readers and (generally) diminishing circulations in the newspaper's "business and media" section. He was one of the founders of the European Press Prize and acted as chairman of its preparatory committee from 2013 until 2017. He had strong opinions on Brexit and the balance of the BBC and continued to take to social media to discuss this after his retirement. He was a member of the Scott Trust (owner of The Guardian and Observer) from 1979 to 2003, chairman of the International Press Institute from 1995 to 1997, and chairman of the Association of British Press Editors. Preston wrote two novels, Bess (1999) and 51st State (1998).
Personal life and honours
- McKie, David (7 January 2018). "Peter Preston obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 January 2018 – via www.theguardian.com.
- Preston, Peter (22 June 2002). "Peter Preston: good news on a bad day for one polio victim". The Guardian.
- Ruddick, Graham (7 January 2018). "Peter Preston, former Guardian editor, dies aged 79". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
- Turvill, William (21 June 2013). "Peter Preston reflects on 50 years of triumph and disaster at The Guardian and Observer". The Press Gazette. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
- "Peter Preston on press and broadcasting - Media". The Guardian.
- "Peter Preston". St. John's College. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
- "Peter Preston obituary". the Guardian. 7 January 2018. Retrieved 6 May 2022.
- "Today's media panel". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
- Mance, Henry (7 January 2018). "Peter Preston, Guardian editor who believed in newspapers to the end". Financial Times. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
- MacAskill, Ewen (6 July 2018). "Paul Dacre delivers fond tribute to former Guardian editor Peter Preston". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
- Stephen Brook, "Former deputy editor [Ben] Preston leaves Times", The Times, 4 February 2008.
- "Alumni: Peter Preston". St John's College Oxford. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
- Preston, Ben (7 January 2018). "My dad, Peter Preston, has gone: a long goodbye and a deadline missed for the first time". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 7 January 2018. (subscription required)
- McKie, David (7 January 2018). "Peter Preston obituary". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 4 September 2018.