Peter Quinel

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Peter Quinel
Bishop of Exeter
Electedbetween 7 August and 7 October 1280
Term endedOctober 1291
PredecessorWalter Branscombe
SuccessorThomas Bitton
Other postsArchdeacon of St David's
Orders
Consecration10 November 1280
by Richard of Gravesend
Personal details
Bornc. 1230
DiedOctober 1291
BuriedExeter Cathedral
DenominationCatholic

Peter Quinel[a] (c. 1230–1291) was a medieval Bishop of Exeter. He became a canon of Exeter Cathedral in 1276 and his episcopate began in 1280 and continued until he died in 1291. He issued a set of rules governing the clergy in his diocese and the required furnishing of churches and continued the rebuilding efforts at Exeter Cathedral.

Life[edit]

Peter Quinel's tomb slab

Quinel was born about 1230, to Peter Quinel and his wife Helewis. He may have been educated at a university, because in 1262 he was given the title of master, which implies a university education.

Quinel had the office of archdeacon of St David's in 1263, and later became a canon of Exeter Cathedral in 1276.[1]

Quinel was elected between 7 August and 7 October 1280 and consecrated on 10 November 1280.[2] His consecration took place at Canterbury Cathedral and was performed by Richard of Gravesend who was Bishop of London.[1]

While bishop, Quinel legislated that clerics' clothes should be all one colour,[3] gave detailed lists of the required furnishings of a church,[4] and ordered that any uneducated clergy should be deprived of office.[5] These were part of a set of statutes that Quinel issued in 1287 for his diocese.[6] He also continued the rebuilding efforts at Exeter Cathedral, and was generally credited with deciding to rework the cathedral along Gothic lines.[1]

Quinel died in October 1291, probably on the 1st.[2] He was buried in the lady chapel in his cathedral, where his tomb slab is still extant.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Or Peter de Quivel, or Quivil[1]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Orme "Quinil, Peter" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 246
  3. ^ Moorman Church Life p. 149
  4. ^ Moorman Church Life p. 229
  5. ^ Moorman Church Life p. 231
  6. ^ Moorman Church Life p. 238

References[edit]

  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
  • Moorman, John R. H. (1955). Church Life in England in the Thirteenth Century (Revised ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. OCLC 213820968.
  • Orme, Nicholas (2004). "Quinil, Peter (c. 1230–1291)" ((subscription or UK public library membership required)). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (May 2005 revised ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/22969. Retrieved 12 April 2008.

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Walter Branscombe
Bishop of Exeter
1280–1291
Succeeded by
Thomas Bitton