|Federal Minister of Transport, Building and Urban Development
28 October 2009 – 17 December 2013
|Preceded by||Wolfgang Tiefensee|
|Succeeded by||Alexander Dobrindt|
10 February 1954 |
|Political party||Christian Social Union in Bavaria|
|Alma mater||Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich|
Peter Ramsauer (born 10 February 1954) is a German politician of the Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU) who served as the Federal Minister of Transport, Building and Urban Development in the Second Merkel cabinet. He has been described as the self-appointed "shepherd" of the German language; seeking to purify it especially of English loanwords.
Early life and education
Ramsauer was born in the Upper Bavarian village of Traunwalchen, since 1978 part of Traunreut. He completed his Abitur at the Staatliches Landschulheim Marquartstein gymnasium in 1973 and studied business economics at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, where he obtained his Diploma in 1979 and his PhD in 1985. Ramsauer has also qualified as a professional miller in accordance with the traditional occupation of his ancestry.
Ramsauer joined the conservative Young Union (JU) youth organisation in 1972 and the CSU in 1973. He was elected Bavarian vice chairman of the JU in 1983 and vice chairman of the CSU in 2008.
In 1978 Ramsauer obtained a seat in the municipal diet (Stadtrat) of Traunreut and in 1984 became a member of the district assembly of Traunstein. He ran successfully in the 1990 federal election and has been a member of the Bundestag parliament since then, from 1998 to 2005 as CSU Chief Whip of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group. In the recent 2009 election Ramsauer was re-elected by 54.6% of the votes cast.
On 29 October 2009 Ramsauer was appointed Federal Minister of Transport, Building and Urban Development at the behest of Chancellor Angela Merkel, succeeding Wolfgang Tiefensee. Since 2013, he has been serving as chairman of the Committee on Economic Affairs and Energy.
In 2010, in his capacity as transport minister, Ramsauer rejected plans for an initial public offering of rail operator Deutsche Bahn, arguing that the company first needed to focus on improving quality, security, cleanliness, punctuality and reliability of its trains.
In 2014, Ramsauer publicly criticized France for announcing plans to buy a 20 percent stake in Alstom despite its heavy debts and budget deficit and accused the country’s government of showing "ice-cold" national interests in choosing U.S. firm General Electric over German Siemens for an alliance with Alstom.
Amid a 2014 debate over whether Germany needs to rethink its energy strategy and reduce its dependence on Russian gas imports due to the Ukrainian crisis, Ramsauer spoke in favor of considering importing shale gas from the United States, or alternative embracing "domestic resources". In November 2015, in his capacity as chairman of the German Parliament’s Committee on Economic Affairs and Energy, he agreed with his Russian counterpart Ivan Grachev to set up an informal German-Russian working group on energy cooperation, convening parliamentarians and business representatives from both countries.
On January 27, 2015, Ramsauer voted against the Merkel government’s proposal for a four-month extension of Greece's bailout; in doing so, he joined a record number of 29 dissenters from the CDU/CSU parliamentary group who expressed skepticism about whether the Greek government under Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras could be trusted to deliver on its reform pledges.
- Arab-German Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Ghorfa), President (since 2014)
- Aebi Schmidt Holding (ASH), Member of the Board of Directors
- Münchener Hypothekenbank, Member of the Supervisory Board
- Gothaer Versicherungsbank, Member of the Advisory Board
- CNC Communications & Network Consulting, Member of the Board of Experts
- KfW, ex-officio Member of the Board of Supervisory Directors (2009-2013)
- German Energy Agency (DENA), Member of the Supervisory Board (2009-2012)
- Odewald & Companie, Member of the Advisory Board (2005-2009)
- Hanns Seidel Foundation, Member
- Ifo Institute for Economic Research, Member of the Board of Trustees (2002-2010)
- German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP), Member of the Presidium (2005-2009)
- Quadriga, Member of the Board of Trustees
- German-Korean Society, Vice President (1998-2002)
- No Denglisch The Economist
- Maria Sheahan (July 17, 2010), Deutsche Bahn IPO not on agenda: transport minister Reuters.
- Alexandra Hudson (June 23, 2014), Merkel ally criticizes French over Alstom deal Reuters.
- Madeline Chambers (March 30, 2014), Debate on Russian energy imports strains German coalition Reuters.
- David Böcking (December 18, 2015), Streit um Sanktionen: Grüne boykottieren Energie-AG mit Russland Spiegel Online.
- Stephen Brown (February 27, 2015), Germany backs Greek extension but bailout fatigue grows Reuters.
- Oder-Neisse-Grenze: Auch Ramsauer stimmte gegen Anerkennung. In: FR Online, 17 November 2009.
- Board of Directors Aebi Schmidt Holding (ASH), Frauenfeld/Switzerland.
- Members of the Supervisory Board Münchener Hypothekenbank eG.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Peter Ramsauer.|
- Website of Peter Ramsauer
- Biography by the German Parliament
- Peter Ramsauer in the German National Library catalogue
- Biography by the German Government