Peter Stadlen

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Peter Stadlen (14 July 1910 – 21 January 1996) was an Austrian pianist, musicologist and critic, specialising in the study and interpretation of Beethoven and the composers of the Second Viennese School.

Stadlen, who was born in Vienna, initially studied piano there with Paul Weingartner and composition with Joseph Marx and Max Springer (1877–1954). He then continued his studies in Berlin between 1929 and 1933 with Leonid Kreutzer (piano) and Josef Greindl (composition).[1] By 1934 he had embarked on a career as concert pianist.[2] Stadlen premiered the Variations for piano, Op. 27 by Webern on 26 October 1937 in Vienna under the direction of the composer.[3] (Much later he edited the definitive interpretive edition, published by Universal Edition in 1979).[4] Stadlen was also the soloist in the German premiere of Schoenberg’s Piano Concerto at the Darmstadt Summer School on 17 July 1948.[5]

After the Anschluss, Stadlen left Austria and sought refuge in Britain in 1938. However, two years later he was interned and deported to Australia (between 1940 and 1942). Back in Britain he resumed performance at the National Gallery Concerts organised by Myra Hess,[6] with the Austrian Musicians Group,[7] and in regular contemporary music broadcasts with the BBC.[8] Eventually, however, a neurological finger malfunction caused him to give up performing, and he became a music critic, serving the Daily Telegraph for 26 years (the last decade as chief music critic, succeeding Martin Cooper). He retired in 1985.[9] He became increasingly disillusioned with serial music and this was reflected in his criticism of contemporary music.[10]

Stadlen spent many years trying to track down Beethoven's metronome, an invention which Beethoven had commissioned. It was believed that the weight on his metronome was faulty as some of the speeds written on his pieces seemed incorrect. Peter wished to ascertain the make-up of this weight and to see the correct speeds which Beethoven himself had intended. He finally tracked it down to a small antiques shop only to discover that, although the metronome itself was intact, the weight itself was missing.[11][12]

Stadlen was a lecturer in music at the University of Reading (1965-9) and visiting fellow of All Souls College, Oxford (1967-8).[2] He was married to the philosopher, political activist and musicologist Hedi Stadlen, with whom he lived in Hampstead. There were two sons: Nicholas (who became a High Court judge) and Godfrey (a civil servant in the Home Office). He died in London. His archive and scores are preserved by the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde in Vienna.

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ "Peter Stadlen | Royal College of Music". Rcm.ac.uk. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Stadlen, Peter". Grove Music Online. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.26508. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  3. ^ Bailey, Katheryn and Puffett, Kathryn. The Life of Webern (CUP 1998), p 152
  4. ^ Notes (2nd Series), Vol 37 No 2, December 1980, p 405-406
  5. ^ "The Schubert Institute (UK)". 23 September 2006. Archived from the original on 23 September 2006. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  6. ^ "The National Gallery concerts in Wartime London: a vignette from the Rosenberg collection". 19 October 2010. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  7. ^ Norris, Geoffrey. 'Tribute to a critic with a true musician's understanding' in The Daily Telegraph, 7 December 1996
  8. ^ For instance, Roberto Gerhard and Egon Wellesz on 26 November 1947. Radio Times issue 1258, 23 November 1947, p 16
  9. ^ "Northcott, Bayan. Obituary in The Independent, 23 January 1996". Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  10. ^ 'Serialism Reconsidered', in The Score No 22 (1958) pp. 12–27
  11. ^ Stadlen, Peter. 'Beethoven and the Metronome', Music and Letters 48, No 4 (1967), p 330-349
  12. ^ Forsen, Gray, Lindgren and Gray. Was Something Wrong with Beethoven's Metronome? American Mathematical Society Notices, October 2013

Sources

  • Cummings, David M.; McIntire, Dennis K. (Ed.). International who's who in music and musician's directory. In the classical and light classical fields, 12th edition 1990/91, International Who's Who in Music 1991.
  • Kehler, George. The Piano in Concert, Scarecrow Press, 1982.
  • Wilson, Lyle G. A dictionary of pianists, Robert Hale, 1985.

Publications[edit]

  • 'Serialism Reconsidered', The Score, No.22, February 1958
  • Letter to the Editor, Tempo, New Ser., No. 88 (Spring, 1969), p. 57
  • 'Schindler's Beethoven Forgeries', The Musical Times, Vol. 118, No. 1613. (July 1977), pp. 549–552.