Peter Halsten Thorkelson
February 13, 1942
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Died||February 21, 2019 (aged 77)|
Mansfield, Connecticut, U.S.
(m. 1960; div. 1960)
(m. 1973; div. 1974)
(m. 1975; div. 1987)
Peter Halsten Thorkelson (February 13, 1942 – February 21, 2019), known professionally as Peter Tork, was an American musician, composer, and actor who was best known as the keyboardist and bass guitarist of the Monkees.
Tork grew up in Connecticut and in the mid-1960s as part of the Greenwich Village folk scene in New York City where he befriended musician Stephen Stills. After moving to Los Angeles with Stills, he was recruited for the musical television sitcom The Monkees. The success of the show made him a teen idol from 1966 to 1968. He released one solo album, Stranger Things Have Happened (1994), and later toured with James Lee Stanley as well as his band, Shoe Suede Blues.
Tork was born at the former Doctors Hospital in Washington, D.C. in 1942, though many news articles incorrectly report him as having been born in 1944 in New York City—the date and location listed in early press releases for The Monkees television show. He was the son of Virginia Hope (née Straus) and Halsten John Thorkelson, an economics professor at the University of Connecticut. His paternal grandfather was of Norwegian descent, while his mother was of half German Jewish and half Irish ancestry.
Tork began studying piano at the age of nine, showing an aptitude for music by learning to play several different instruments, including the banjo, acoustic bass, and guitar. He attended Windham High School in Willimantic, Connecticut, and was a member of the first graduating class at E. O. Smith High School in Storrs, Connecticut. He attended Carleton College before he moved to New York City, where he became part of the folk music scene in Greenwich Village during the first half of the 1960s. While there, he befriended other up-and-coming musicians, such as Stephen Stills.
Tork's band the Monkees were a pop band of the mid-1960s created for a television sitcom. Tork was the oldest member of the group. Stills had auditioned but was turned down because the show's producers felt his hair and teeth were not photogenic. When Stills was asked if he knew of someone with a similar "open, Nordic look", Stills recommended Tork.
Tork was a proficient musician before he joined the Monkees. Though other members of the group were not allowed to play their instruments on their first two albums, he played what he described as "third chair guitar" on Michael Nesmith's song "Papa Gene's Blues" on their first album. He subsequently played keyboard, bass guitar, banjo, harpsichord, and other instruments on the band's recordings. He co-wrote, along with Joey Richards, the closing theme song of the second season of The Monkees, "For Pete's Sake". On the show, he was relegated to acting as the "lovable dummy", a persona he had developed as a folk singer in Greenwich Village.
The DVD release of the first season of the show contains commentary from various band members. In it, Nesmith states that Tork was better at playing guitar than bass. Tork commented that Davy Jones was a good drummer, and had the live performance lineups been based solely on playing ability, it should have been him on guitar, Nesmith on bass, and Jones on drums, with Micky Dolenz taking the fronting role (instead of Nesmith on guitar, Tork on bass, and Dolenz on drums). Jones filled in briefly for Tork on bass when he played keyboard.
Recording and producing as a group was Tork's main interest, and he hoped that the four members would continue working together as a band on future recordings. However, the four did not have enough in common regarding their musical interests. In his commentary for the DVD release of the second season of the show, Tork said that Dolenz was "incapable of repeating a triumph". Dolenz felt that once he had accomplished something and became a success at it, there was no artistic sense in repeating a formula.
In 1967, free from Don Kirshner's restrictions, Tork contributed instrumental flourishes, such as the piano introduction to "Daydream Believer" and the banjo part on "You Told Me", as well as exploring occasional songwriting with the likes of "For Pete's Sake" and "Lady's Baby".
Tork was close to his maternal grandmother, Catherine McGuire Straus, staying with her sometimes during his Greenwich Village days and after he became a Monkee. "Grams" was one of his most ardent supporters and managed his fan club, often writing personal letters to members and visiting music stores to make sure they carried Monkees records.
Six albums were produced with the original Monkees lineup, four of which reached No. 1 on the Billboard chart. This success was supplemented by two years of the television program, a series of successful concert tours across America and abroad, and a trippy psychedelic movie, Head, which is considered by some to have been ahead of its time. However, tensions, both musical and personal, were increasing within the group. The band finished a Far East tour in October 1968 (where Tork's copy of Naked Lunch was confiscated by Australian Customs) and then filmed an NBC television special, 33⅓ Revolutions per Monkee, which rehashed many of the ideas from Head.
No longer getting the group dynamic he wanted, and pleading "exhaustion" from the grueling schedule, Tork bought out the remaining four years of his contract for $160,000, leaving him with little income. In the DVD commentary for the 33⅓ Revolutions per Monkee TV special – originally broadcast April 14, 1969 – Dolenz noted that Nesmith gave Tork a gold watch as a going-away present, with the engraving "From the guys down at work." Jones noted at the time that "Peter's soul left us two and a half years ago. He was a banjo player from Greenwich Village who was made into an actor and finally decided that he didn't want to be a Marx Brother forever. His heart was back in the Village, that's all." Dolenz reflected on Tork's departure, saying, "Three of us more or less play ourselves in the series. The odd one out is Peter Tork. Offstage he's a real serious guy who thinks a lot about things like religion and problems in the world. But in the show, he throws off all that and becomes a dumb-but-likable character who is always doing the wrong thing at the wrong time. He kind of moons around with a lovesick expression on his face — not like the real Peter Tork at all."
During a trip to London in December 1967, Tork contributed banjo to George Harrison's soundtrack to the 1968 film Wonderwall. His playing was featured in the movie, but not on the official Wonderwall Music soundtrack album released in November 1968. Tork's brief five-string banjo piece can be heard 16 minutes into the film, as Professor Collins is caught by his mother while spying on his neighbor Penny Lane.
Tork went solo with a group called Peter Tork And/Or Release with then-girlfriend Reine Stewart on drums (she had played drums on part of 33⅓ Revolutions Per Monkee), Riley "Wyldflower" Cummings (formerly of the Gentle Soul) on bass and – sometimes – singer/keyboard player Judy Mayhan. Tork said in April 1969, "We sometimes have four. We're thinking of having a rotating fourth. Right now, the fourth is that girl I'm promoting named Judy Mayhan." "We're like Peter's backup band", added Stewart, "except we happen to be a group instead of a backup band." Release hoped to have a record out immediately, and Tork said that they did record some demos that he may still have stored away somewhere. According to Stewart, the band was supposed to go to Muscle Shoals as the backing band for Mayhan's Atlantic Records solo album Moments (1970), but they were ultimately replaced. They mainly played parties for their "in" friends, and one of their songs was considered for the soundtrack to Easy Rider, but the producers – who had also produced Head – eventually decided not to include it. The release could not secure a record contract, and by 1970, Tork was once again a solo artist. As he later recalled, "I didn't know how to stick to it. I ran out of money and told the band members, 'I can't support us as a crew anymore, you'll just have to find your own way.'"
Tork's record and movie production entity, the Breakthrough Influence Company (BRINCO), also failed to launch, despite such talent as future Little Feat guitarist Lowell George. He sold his house in 1970, and he and a pregnant Reine Stewart moved into the basement of David Crosby's home. Tork was credited with co-arranging a Dolenz solo single on MGM Records in 1971 ("Easy on You" backed with "Oh Someone"). An arrest and conviction for possession of hashish resulted in three months in an Oklahoma penitentiary in 1972. He moved to Fairfax in Marin County, California, in the early 1970s, where he joined the 35-voice Fairfax Street Choir and played guitar for a shuffle blues band called Osceola. Tork returned to southern California in the mid-1970s, where he married, had a son, and took a job teaching at Pacific Hills School in Santa Monica for a year and a half. He spent a total of three years as a teacher of music, social studies, math, French and history, and coached baseball at several schools.
Tork joined Dolenz, Jones, Boyce, and Hart onstage for a guest appearance on their concert tour on July 4, 1976, in Disneyland. Later that year, he reunited with Jones and Dolenz in the studio for the recording of the single "Christmas Is My Time of Year" backed with "White Christmas", which saw a limited release for fan club members that holiday season.
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A chance meeting with Sire Records executive Pat Horgan at the Bottom Line in New York City led to Tork recording a six-song demo, his first recording in many years. Recorded in summer 1980, it featured Tork, who sang and played rhythm guitar, keyboards, and banjo. He was backed by Southern rock band Cottonmouth, led by guitarist/singer/songwriter Johnny Pontiff, featuring Gerard Trahan on guitar, keyboards, and vocals, Gene Pyle on bass guitar and vocals, and Gary Hille on percussion.
With George Dispigno as an engineer, Horgan produced the six tracks, which included two Monkees covers, "Shades of Gray" and "Pleasant Valley Sunday". The four other tracks were "Good Looker", "Since You Went Away" (which appeared on the Monkees' 1987 album Pool It!), "Higher and Higher", and "Hi Hi Babe". Also present at the sessions were Joan Jett, Chrissie Hynde, and Tommy Ramone. The tracks were recorded at Blue Horizon House at 165 West 74th Street, home of Sire Records, but Seymour Stein, president of Sire, rejected the demo, stating "there's nothing there". Tork recorded the second set of demos in New York City, but little is known about these recordings, other than one track was another version of "Pleasant Valley Sunday" featuring an unknown rock band and a violin solo.
During this time, Tork appeared regularly on The Uncle Floyd Show, broadcast on U-68 out of New Jersey. He performed comedy bits and lip-synced the Sire recordings. Floyd claimed Tork was the "first real star" to appear on the show. (Later, Davy Jones, the Ramones, Shrapnel, and others would follow in his footsteps.)
In 1981, Tork released the single "(I'm Not Your) Steppin' Stone" (backed with "Higher and Higher") with the New Monks. He also did some club performances and live television appearances, including taking part in a "Win a Date With Peter Tork" bit on Late Night with David Letterman in July 1982.
Monkees reunions, other bands, and activities
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In 1986, after a 1985 tour with Jones in Australia, Tork rejoined fellow Monkees Jones and Dolenz for a highly successful 20th-anniversary reunion tour (Nesmith was not interested in a reunion). Tork and Dolenz recorded three new songs for a greatest hits release. The three Monkees recorded Pool It! the following year. A decade later, all four group members recorded Justus, the first recording with all four members since 1968. The quartet performed live in the United Kingdom in 1997, but for several years following, only the trio of Tork, Dolenz, and Jones toured together. The trio of Monkees parted ways in 2001 following a public feud, but they reunited in 2011 for a series of 45th-anniversary concerts in England and the United States.
Since 1986, Tork had intermittently toured with his former bandmates and also played with his bands, the Peter Tork Project and Shoe Suede Blues. In 1991, he formed a band called the Dashboard Saints and played at a pizza restaurant in Guerneville, California. In 1994, he released his first album-length solo project, Stranger Things Have Happened, which featured brief appearances by Dolenz and Nesmith. In 1996, he collaborated on an album called Two Man Band with James Lee Stanley. The duo followed up in 2001 with a second release, Once Again.
In 2001, Tork took time out from touring to appear in a leading role in the short film Mixed Signals, written and directed by John Graziano.
In 2002, Tork resumed working with his band Shoe Suede Blues. The band performed original blues music, Monkees' covers (including blues versions), covers of classic blues hits by greats such as Muddy Waters, and shared the stage with bands such as Captain Zig. The band toured extensively in 2006-2007 following the release of the album Cambria Hotel.
Tork also had a pair of appearances in the role of Topanga Lawrence's father Jedidiah Lawrence on the sitcom Boy Meets World. In his second appearance in 1995, he joined Jones and Dolenz in Season 3, Episode 8 ("Rave On"), although they did not appear as the Monkees. Tork was again cast as Jedidiah Lawrence, while Jones was Reginald Fairfield, and Dolenz's character was Gordy. At the program's climax, the three took the stage together to perform the Buddy Holly song "Not Fade Away" and the Temptations' "My Girl." As an inside joke, actor Dave Madden (best known as band manager Reuben Kincaid on The Partridge Family), cameoed as a manager who appeared, wanting to manage the "new" group, telling them that they "could be bigger than the Beatles." Purportedly, both Nesmith and Pattie Boyd (former wife of Beatle George Harrison) attended the taping.
Tork was also a guest character on 7th Heaven. In 1995, he appeared as himself on the show Wings, bidding against Crystal Bernard's character for the Monkeemobile. In 1999, he appeared as the leader of a wedding band in The King of Queens in Season 1, Episode 13 ("Best Man").
In early 2008, Tork wrote an online advice and info column called "Ask Peter Tork" for the webzine The Daily Panic.
In 2011, he joined Dolenz and Jones for An Evening with The Monkees: The 45th Anniversary Tour in 2011.
In 2012, Tork joined Dolenz and Nesmith on a Monkees tour in honor of the 45th anniversary of their album Headquarters, as well as in tribute to the late Jones. The trio would tour again in 2013 and 2014. In 2016, Tork toured with Dolenz as the Monkees, in what would be his final tour before his death in 2019. Nesmith also played at some of the concerts.
In later life, Tork resided in Mansfield, Connecticut. He was married four times, with marriages to Jody Babb, Reine Stewart, and Barbara Iannoli, all ending in divorce. From 2014 until his death, he was married to Pamela Grapes. He had three children: a daughter, Hallie, with Stewart; a son, Ivan, with Iannoli; and another daughter, Erica, from a previous relationship with Tammy Sestak.
Illness and death
On March 3, 2009, Tork reported on his website that he had been diagnosed with adenoid cystic carcinoma, a rare, slow-growing form of head and neck cancer. A preliminary biopsy showed that cancer had not spread beyond the initial site. "It's a bad news / good news situation," explained Tork. "It's so rare a combination (on the tongue) that there isn't a lot of experience among the medical community about this particular combination. On the other hand, the type of cancer it is, never mind the location, is somewhat well known, and the prognosis, I'm told, is good." Tork underwent radiation therapy to prevent the cancer from returning.
On March 4, 2009, Tork underwent successful surgery in New York City. On June 11, 2009, a spokesman for Tork reported that his cancer had returned. Tork was reportedly "shaken but not stirred" by the news and said that the doctors had given him an 80% chance of containing and shrinking the new tumor.
In July 2009, while undergoing radiation therapy, he was interviewed by The Washington Post: "I recovered very quickly after my surgery, and I've been hoping that my better-than-average constitution will keep the worst effects of radiation at bay. My voice and energy still seem to be in decent shape, so maybe I can pull these gigs off after all." He continued to tour and perform while receiving his treatments.
Tork documented his cancer experience on Facebook and encouraged his fans to support research efforts of the Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Research Foundation. His cancer returned in 2018, and he died at his home in Mansfield on February 21, 2019, eight days after his 77th birthday.
Dolenz expressed his grief via Twitter, saying "There are no words right now...heartbroken over the loss of my Monkee brother, Peter Tork."
Nesmith made the following statement:
"Peter Tork died this AM. I am told he slipped away peacefully. Yet, as I write this my tears are awash, and my heart is broken. Even though I am clinging to the idea that we all continue, the pain that attends these passings has no cure. It's going to be a rough day. I share with all Monkees fans this change, this 'loss', even so. PT will be a part of me forever. I have said this before — and now it seems even more apt — the reason we called it a band is because it was where we all went to play. A band no more — and yet the music plays on — an anthem to all who made the Monkees and the TV show our private — dare I say 'secret' — playground. As for Pete, I can only pray his songs reach the heights that can lift us and that our childhood lives forever — that special sparkle that was the Monkees. I will miss him — a brother in arms. Take flight my Brother."
Nesmith later commented on his often difficult relationship with Tork. "I never liked Peter, he never liked me. So we had an uneasy truce between the two of us. As clear as I could tell, among his peers he was very well liked. But we rarely had a civil word to say to each other." Nesmith admitted, however, that the moment he learned of Tork's death, "I broke into tears. What are you going to do?"
|1968||Wild in the Streets||Ticket Buyer||(Uncredited)|
|1968||Head||Peter||Credited as Peter Tork|
|1995||The Brady Bunch Movie||Himself|
|1996||Hide and Seek||Himself||(Uncredited)|
|2006||Cathedral Pines||Mr. Geary|
|2006||The Holy Modal Rounders: Bound to Lose||Himself||Documentary|
|2007||The Junior Defenders||Himself||(Uncredited)|
|2008||The Wrecking Crew||Himself||Documentary|
|2013||Babe's & Rickey's Inn||Himself||Documentary|
|2017||I Filmed Your Death||David Lyndale|
|1966||American Bandstand||Himself (telephone interview)||1 episode|
|1966-1968||The Monkees||Peter||58 episodes|
|1967||Dream Girl of '67||Himself||5 episodes|
|1967-1968||Top of the Pops||Himself||5 episodes|
|1968||The Joey Bishop Show||Himself||1 episode|
|1969||33⅓ Revolutions per Monkee||Himself||(TV Movie)|
|1969||Happening '68||Himself||3 episodes|
|1980-1982||The Uncle Floyd Show||Himself||6 episodes|
|1982||Late Night with David Letterman||Himself||1 episode|
|1986-1996||Good Morning America||Himself||3 episodes|
|1986-2000||Showbiz Today||Himself||3 episodes|
|1986-2001||Entertainment Tonight||Himself||4 episodes|
|1987||The Sally Jessy Raphael Show||Himself||1 episode|
|1989||Aspel & Company||Himself||1 episode|
|1989||Good Morning Britain||Himself||1 episode|
|1989||A.M. Los Angeles||Himself||1 episode|
|1989||The Pat Sajak Show||Himself||1 episode|
|1989||Nashville Now||Himself||1 episode|
|1992||California Dreams||The Surf Guru||Season 1, Episode 10: "Romancing the Tube"|
|1994||The Steven Banks Show||Himself||Season 1, Episode 1: "Rock Auction"|
|1994||The Geraldo Rivera Show||Himself||1 episode|
|1995||Wings||Himself||Season 7, Episode 6: "She's Gotta Have It"|
|1995||Mike and Maty||Himself||1 episode|
|1995||Boy Meets World||Jedediah Lawrence||2 episodes|
|1996||The Tonight Show with Jay Leno||Himself||1 episode|
|1997||Hey, Hey, It's the Monkees||Himself||(TV Special)|
|1997||Noel's House Party||Himself||1 episode|
|1997||The Clive James Show||Himself||1 episode|
|1997||Kenny Live||Himself||1 episode|
|1997||Access Hollywood||Himself||1 episode|
|1997-2000||The Big Breakfast||Himself||2 episodes|
|1998-2001||7th Heaven||Chris||2 episodes|
|1999||The King of Queens||Band Leader||Season 1, Episode 13: "Best Man"|
|1999||E! True Hollywood Story||Himself||Season 3, Episode 29: "The Monkees"|
|2000||The List||Himself||1 episode|
|2000||Behind the Music||Himself||Season 3, Episode 36: "The Monkees"|
|2001||Live! with Kelly||Himself||1 episode|
|2001||Total Access 24/7||Himself||Season 1, Episode 7: "1007 7th Heaven"|
|2001||The Early Show||Himself||1 episode|
|2007||Biography||Himself||Season 21, Episode 30: "The Monkees"|
|2011-2015||Loose Women||Himself||2 episodes|
|2012||Inside Edition||Himself||1 episode|
|2013||Welcome to the Basement||Himself||1 episode|
|2013||Good Day L.A.||Himself||1 episode|
|2014||The Sixties||Peter||Season 1, Episode 1: "Television Comes of Age"|
Songs written or co-written by Tork include the following:
With the Monkees
- "Band 6" (with Micky Dolenz, Davy Jones, Michael Nesmith)
- "For Pete's Sake" (with Joey Richards)
- "Zilch" (with Micky Dolenz, Davy Jones, Michael Nesmith)
- "No Time" (with Micky Dolenz, Davy Jones, Michael Nesmith); credited to Hank Cicalo
- "Peter Percival Patterson's Pet Pig Porky"
- "Goin' Down" (with Micky Dolenz, Davy Jones, Michael Nesmith, Diane Hildebrand)
- "Can You Dig It?"
- "Long Title: Do I Have To Do This All Over Again?”
- "Lady's Baby"
- "Tear the Top Right Off My Head"
- "Gettin' In"
- "Merry Go Round" (with Diane Hildebrand)
- "Run Away From Life"
- "I Believe You"
- "Mister Bob" (Micky Dolenz, Davy Jones, Michael Nesmith, Peter Tork, Eric Van Den Brink), on the album Nick Vernier Band Sessions
- "Little Girl"
with James Lee Stanley
with Shoe Suede Blues
- "Ain't Your Fault"
- "Get What You Pay For"
- "Sea Change (Take Me Down)”
- "Tender Is"
- "God Given Grant" (with Tork's brother, Nick Thorkelson)
With the Monkees:
- The Monkees (1966)
- More of the Monkees (1967)
- Headquarters (1967)
- Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn & Jones Ltd. (1967)
- The Birds, The Bees & The Monkees (1968)
- Head (1968)
- Pool It! (1987)
- Justus (1996)
- Good Times! (2016)
- Christmas Party (2018)
With Shoe Suede Blues:
- Saved by the Blues (2003)
- Cambria Hotel (2007)
- Step By Step (2013)
- Relax Your Mind: Honoring the Music of Lead Belly (2018)
- Mcdonald, Sam (May 7, 1999). "Local Indy Band Lucky Town Coasts To Radio". Daily Press.
- Boehm, Mike (October 20, 1992). "Hey, Hey, He's Back Again : Pop music: Ex-Monkee Peter Tork has started a new band, which plays at Bogart's tonight". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 29, 2020.
- Peter Tork biography Archived August 19, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, Monkees.com
- "Child to H. John Thorkelsons". The New York Times. February 28, 1942. Archived from the original on July 23, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
- Sherry Fisher (January 26, 2004). "Former Economics Professor John Thorkelson Dies". Advance. University of Connecticut. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
- "Thorkelson, Virginia H. (Straus)". The Courant. April 29, 2002. Archived from the original on October 7, 2013. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
- "Marriage Announcement 2 – No Title". The New York Times. September 30, 1940. Archived from the original on July 23, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
- Robert E. Kohler (1991). "8". Developing American Science : Policies and Projects. Partners in Science: Foundations and Natural Scientists, 1900–1945. The University of Chicago Press. pp. 204–207. ISBN 0-226-45060-0.
- Carter, Nick (August 23, 1996). "Maritime Days sails back to port Seafaring fest carries a cargo of music, food and nautical pastimes". Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
- "Belle Straus Weil". April 3, 1964. Archived from the original on October 7, 2013.
- Peter Tork speaking in a July 12, 2013 phone interview with Roger Friedensen, a correspondent for The News & Observer in Raleigh, North Carolina.
- Zimmer, Dave. Crosby, Stills & Nash: The Biography, Philadelphia: Da Capo Press, 2008, p. 31.
- "Interview: Michael Nesmith, Micky Dolenz and Peter Tork Talk Monkees Summer Tour, 'Headquarters' and What They Learned from Jimi Hendrix", Archived November 16, 2015, at the Wayback Machine Guitar World, July 26, 2013.
- "America Lost and Found: The BBS Story". The Criterion Channel. Archived from the original on February 22, 2019. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
A constantly looping, self-referential spoof that was ahead of its time, Head dodged commercial success on its release but has since been reclaimed as one of the great cult objects of its era.
- Glenn A. Baker liner notes, The Monkees Talk Downunder LP
- Baker, Glenn A.; Tom Czarnota; Peter Hoga (1986). Monkeemania: The True Story of the Monkees. New York City: Plexus Publishing. p. 113. ISBN 978-0-312-00003-5.
- on YouTube – Strange Dave Show interview (2010)
- Riley Wyldflower - The Smog Song Archived April 19, 2014, at the Wayback Machine – Flower Bomb Songs (July 7, 2012)
- There They Go, Walking Down the Street (and Into the Sunset) Archived April 19, 2014, at the Wayback Machine – Where's That Sound Coming From? (January 5, 2012)
- The Peter Tork 1969/1970 Thread Archived April 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine – Steve Hoffman Music Forums (2010)
- on YouTube – Strange Dave Show interview (2010)
- Judy Mayhan Moments review Archived November 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine – Dustbury.com (June 23, 2003)
- Reine Stewart Tork bio Archived March 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine – Psycho Jello: A Monkees Fansite
- Hey, Hey, He's Back Again: Ex-Monkee Peter Tork has started a new band, which plays at Bogart's tonight Archived March 18, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, by Mike Boehm – LA Times (October 20, 1992)
- Monkees Biography Archived March 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine – The Monkees: The Complete Internet Guide
- 'I Wanna Be Free,' They Sang, and 20 Years Later the Monkees Are No Longer Prisoners of the Past Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine – People Magazine Vol. 24 No. 7 (August 12, 1985)
- "Peter Tork". Nndb.com. Archived from the original on September 6, 2011. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
- "A Memphian, a Monkee and a Horse walk into a horror movie ..." The Commercial Appeal.
- "Peter Tork 6 of 8 on The Strange Dave Show". Blip.tv. Archived from the original on July 7, 2012. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
- "Episode dated 8 July 1982". IMDb.com. July 8, 1982. Archived from the original on February 10, 2017. Retrieved July 14, 2018.
- "Peter Tork and Shoe Suede Blues – Cambria Hotel". CD Baby. February 12, 2007. Archived from the original on June 5, 2011. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
- Schwartz, Ryan (February 21, 2019). "The Monkees' Peter Tork Dead at 77". TVLine. Archived from the original on February 22, 2019. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
- "Rave On" IMDB entry
- Massingill, Randi (January 2005). Total control : the Monkees Michael Nesmith story (Updated & rev. 2005 ed.). FLEXquarters. p. 225. ISBN 9780965821841.
- [dead link]
- "Monkees announce 10-date concert tour". United Press International. February 21, 2011. Archived from the original on February 26, 2011. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
- "The Monkees to Tour U.S. This Summer". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on October 13, 2017. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
- Tork, Peter (March 6, 2012). "Davy Jones' Extraordinary Groove". The Hartford Courant. Archived from the original on May 9, 2012.
- Gates, Anita (February 21, 2019). "Peter Tork, Court Jester of the Monkees, Is Dead at 77". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 21, 2019. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
- Weigle, Lauren (February 21, 2019). "Pam Tork, Peter Tork's Wife: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know". Heavy.com. Archived from the original on February 22, 2019. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
- "Official Peter Tork site". Petertork.com. Archived from the original on August 28, 2011. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
- "Former Monkee Peter Tork diagnosed with rare cancer". March 6, 2009. Archived from the original on February 22, 2019. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
- Peter Tork's Cancer Reoccurs Archived June 14, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, Hartford Courant
- Peter Tork and Jennifer LaRue Huget, Peter Tork's Cancer, In His Own Words Archived July 31, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Washington Post The Checkup Blog, July 1, 2009
- Jennifer LaRue Huget, A Former Monkee with Cancer Archived July 30, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Washington Post The Checkup Blog, June 22, 2009
- Miller, Victoria (February 21, 2019). "Micky Dolenz Posts Heartbreaking Reaction to the Death of his Monkees Bandmate Peter Tork". Inquisitr. Archived from the original on February 22, 2019. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
- Marinucci, Steve (February 21, 2019). "The Monkees' Surviving Members Mourn Peter Tork's Death". Billboard. Archived from the original on May 27, 2019. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
- Bishop, Angela (June 5, 2019). "The Monkees' Mike Nesmith & Micky Dolenz Open Up Like Never Before". Studio 10. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
- Sendra, Tim. Review of Headquarters at AllMusic. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
- “For Pete's Sake” at AllMusic
- “Zilch” at AllMusic
- Sendra, Tim. Review of Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn & Jones Ltd. at AllMusic. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
- “Goin' Down” at AllMusic
- Planer, Lindsay. Review of Head at AllMusic. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
- “Long Title: Do I Have To Do This All Over Again?” at AllMusic
- “Lady's Baby” at AllMusic
- “Tear the Top Right Off My Head” at AllMusic
- “Gettin' In” at AllMusic
- “Merry Go Round” at AllMusic
- “Run Away From Life” at AllMusic
- “I Believe You” at AllMusic
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