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Peter N. Turnley (born June 22, 1955) is an American photojournalist known for documenting the human condition and current events. He is also a street photographer who has lived in and photographed Paris since 1978.
Turnley's photographs have been used on the cover of Newsweek more than forty times. He and his twin brother, the photographer David C. Turnley, were the subjects of a biographical 60 Minutes piece Double Exposure, which aired during their exhibition, In Times of War and Peace at New York's International Center of Photography in 1996.
Turnley is a graduate of the University of Michigan, the Sorbonne of Paris, and the Institut d'études politiques of Paris, one of the few American students ever to do so. He has received honorary doctorates from the New School of Social Research in New York and University of St Francis (Indiana). Harvard University awarded him a Nieman Fellowship for 2000–2001.
Turnley first began photographing in 1972 in his hometown of Fort Wayne, Indiana. With his twin brother David, he spent a year photographing the life of the inner-city, working-class McClellan Street. This work was published in 2008 by Indiana University Press. In 1975, the Office of Economic Opportunity of the State of California hired Turnley to produce a photographic documentary on poverty in California.
After an initial sojourn of eight months in Paris in 1975 to 1976, Turnley moved there in 1978. He began working as a printer at the photography lab, Picto. At the same time, he began photographing street scenes in Paris, which resulted in the book Parisians (2001). He began working as the assistant to the photographer Robert Doisneau in 1981 and with Doisneau's introduction to Raymond Grosset, the director of the Rapho photo agency, Turnley became a member of Rapho, working alongside many of the photographers of the French school of humanist photography. He became associated with the Black Star photo agency and was mentored by its director Howard Chapnick. As Paris-based contract photographer for Newsweek from 1984 to 2001, Turnley's photographs appeared on its cover 43 times. In 2003, he began producing eight-page quarterly photo-essays for Harper's Magazine.
Turnley has photographed world conflicts including the Gulf War, Bosnian War, Somali Civil War, Rwandan Genocide, South Africa under apartheid, First Chechen War, Operation Uphold Democracy in Haiti, Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, Afghanistan, Kosovo War, and Iraq (2003). During the end of the Cold War (1985–1991) Turnley photographed Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev more than any other Western journalist. He witnessed the fall of the Berlin Wall and the revolutions in Eastern Europe in 1989, Nelson Mandela's walk out of prison after 27 years incarceration, and the ensuing end of apartheid in South Africa. Turnley was also present in New York City at "Ground Zero" on September 11, 2001, and in New Orleans during the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. He photographed the election and inauguration of President Barack Obama and produced a multimedia piece on this occasion for CNN.
Turnley currently lives in New York City and Paris, and is represented by Corbis, which holds an archive of more than 25,000 of his images.
Teaching and workshops
During the fall of 2001 Turnley was a Teaching Fellow for Professor Robert Coles for his class "The Literature of Social Reflection" at Harvard, and he is a frequent lecturer and teacher at universities and on panels worldwide, including the Danish National School of Journalism, Parsons School of Design, Paris, the University of Hanover, Germany, The University of Michigan, The University of Iowa, and Indiana University. He was an artist-in-residence at the Residential College of the University of Michigan during the spring semester of 2008.
In conjunction with the Maine Media Workshops, he teaches workshops on street photography and the photo-essay in Paris, Istanbul, Prague/Budapest, Seville, Rio de Janeiro, Calcutta, Provence, and Buenos Aires. He also runs and teaches workshops on street photography in New York City.
- 1989: Beijing Spring. Stuart, Tabori & Chang, New York.
- 1990: Moments of Revolution. Stuart, Tabori & Chang, New York.
- 1996: In Times of War and Peace. Abbeville Press, New York.
- 2000: Parisians. Abbeville Press, New York.
- 2007: McClellan Street. Indiana University Press, Bloomington.
- 2015: Cuba – A Grace of Spirit.
- The Content of Our Character, Weatherhead Gallery, University of St Francis, Fort Wayne, Indiana, 2009.
- Momentos de la Condición Humana, Museo de Bellas Artes, Habana, 2015.
- Overseas Press Club Award for Best Photographic Reporting from Abroad
- Various from World Press Photo
- Various from Pictures of the Year competition of the University of Missouri.
- David and Peter Turnley; Double Exposures in Parallel Lives: The Other Side of the Lens, nytimes.com, retrieved February 21, 2014
- "CBC: Beyond Words - The Photographers - Peter Turnley". Web.archive.org. July 17, 2006. Archived from the original on July 17, 2006. Retrieved April 8, 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "Paris books Peter Turnley". Parisvoice.com. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
- "welcome to peterturnley.com". Web.archive.org. June 4, 2004. Archived from the original on June 4, 2004. Retrieved April 8, 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "Peter Turnley's The Content of Our Character Exhibit[permanent dead link]", University of Saint Francis, June 5, 2009. Accessed September 7, 2009.
- "Prizes Bring Double Exposure for Globe-Trotting News Photographer Twins Peter and David Turnley – Vol. 33 No. 18". People.com. May 7, 1990. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
- Chapnick, Howard (January 1, 1994). "Truth Needs No Ally: Inside Photojournalism". University of Missouri Press – via Google Books.
- "NPPA: Peter Turnley's Photo-Essays To Debut In Harper's Magazine". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on August 4, 2004. Retrieved April 8, 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- By Peter Turnley Special to CNN (January 22, 2009). "Photographer: Inauguration like no moment I've ever witnessed". CNN. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
- "Cuba: 'A gift waiting for you at every street corner'". CNN. October 19, 2015. Retrieved February 23, 2017.