Peter Ykens (1648 – 1695), was a Flemish painter mainly known for his history paintings and portraits. He regularly collaborated with specialist still painters and landscape artists for whose works he provided the staffage.
He was born in Antwerp as the son of Johannes Ykens, a sculptor and painter, and his second wife Barbara Brekevelt. He was the brother of the flower painter Catherine Ykens II. He was trained by his father. He was admitted in the guild year 1673-1674 as a master of the Antwerp Guild of Saint Luke in the capacity of a wijnmeester (son of a master).
According to the French biographer Jean-Baptiste Descamps Ykens intended, like so many of his compatriots, to travel to Rome, but then got married and abandoned the idea. Descamps further writes that Ykens tried to make up for this failure to visit Italy by studying prints after Italian works, Italian antiques and plaster reliefs to hone his skills.
He married Maria Anna van Bredael, daughter of the painter Peeter van Bredael on 14 July 1671. The couple had 11 or possibly 13 children. His career did not take off immediately and in the first years he had to work at a daily rate for Antoon van Leyen, an Antwerp alderman. Gradually his fortune improved and he received commissions for altarpieces in Antwerp and Mechelen. He also painted portraits including a portrait of King Charles II of Spain. He further received commissions for the design of tapestries. In 1689 he was elected dean of the Guild of Saint Luke.
He died in Antwerp.
As was the custom in Antwerp at the time, he often worked together with other painters who were specialists in particular genres. He is known to have collaborated with Gaspar Peeter Verbruggen the Elder, Gaspar Peeter Verbruggen the Younger, Jan Pauwel Gillemans the Younger and Jacob Melchior van Herck, specialists in flower still lives, and Ferdinand van Kessel, a landscape artist. He painted the staffage for these artists.
He provided designs for the tapestry workshops. He is believed to have collaborated with Pieter Spierinckx (1635–1711) on the design for Orpheus Playing the Lyre to Hades and Persephone (a scene from Orpheus and Eurydice or The Metamorphoses) which was woven around 1685 in the Wauters workshop in Antwerp. He also produced a series of six cartons after prints by Charles Lebrun depicting the Story of Alexander and Darius.
- Many name variations: Peter Eijckens, Pieter Eijckens, Peter Eijkens, Pieter Eijkens, Peter Eyckens, Pieter Eyckens, Peter Eykens, Pieter Eykens, Peter IJkens, Pieter IJkens, Pieter Ykens
- John Gould , ‘’Biographical Dictionary of Painters, Sculptors, Engravers, and Architects, from the Earliest Ages to the Present Time: Interspersed with Original Anecdotes, Volume 1’’, Greenland, 1838. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
- toegeschreven aan Jacob Melchior van Herck en toegeschreven aan Peter Ykens, Flora, een allegorie van de lente at the Netherlands Institute for Art History (in Dutch)
- Peter Ykens at the Netherlands Institute for Art History (in Dutch)
- Ph. Rombouts and Th. van Lerius, De liggeren en andere historische archieven der Antwerpsche sint Lucasgilde Volume 2, Antwerp, 1864, p. 416, on Google books (in Dutch)
- Peter Ykens in: Jean Baptiste Descamps, La Vie des Peintres Flamands, Allemands et Hollandois, avec des portraits gravés en Taille-douce, une indication de leurs principaux Ouvrages, & des réflexions sur leurs différentes manieres, Deel 3, 1760
- Ph. Rombouts and Th. van Lerius, p. 416-417
- Frans Jozef Peter Van den Branden, Geschiedenis der Antwerpsche schilderschool, Antwerpen, 1883, pp. 1113-1115 (in Dutch)
- Ph. Rombouts and Th. van Lerius, p. 513
- Toon. "Wortel: Peter Eyckens and Saint-John The Baptist". Retrieved 3 August 2017.
- Orpheus Playing the Lyre to Hades and Persephone, from Orpheus and Eurydice or The Metamorphoses at the Art Institute of Chicago
- Media related to Peter Ykens at Wikimedia Commons