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Peterborough (UK Parliament constituency)

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For other uses, see Peterborough (disambiguation).
Peterborough
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Peterborough in Cambridgeshire.
Outline map
Location of Cambridgeshire within England.
County Cambridgeshire
Electorate 72,787 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1974 (1974)
Member of parliament Stewart Jackson (Conservative)
Number of members One
19181974 (1974)
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency
1541–1918
Number of members 1541–1885: Two
1885–1918: One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East of England

Peterborough is a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, sharing the name of a smaller constituency represented in the Parliament of England until 1707 and then in that of Great Britain until 1800. It elects one Member of Parliament by the first past the post system of election.

The serving Member is Conservative Stewart Jackson. He defeated Labour's Helen Clark in 2005, and was re-elected in 2010 with an increased majority.[2][3] In 2015, he held the seat with a reduced majority.

Boundaries[edit]

1918-1950: The administrative county of the Soke of Peterborough, the Urban District of Oundle, the Rural Districts of Easton-on-the-Hill and Gretton, and parts of the Rural Districts of Oundle and Thrapston.

1950-1974: The Municipal Borough of Peterborough, the Urban District of Oundle, the Rural Districts of Barnack and Peterborough, and part of the Rural District of Oundle and Thrapston.

1974-1983: The Municipal Borough of Peterborough, and the Rural Districts of Barnack, Peterborough, and Thorney.

1983-1997: The City of Peterborough wards of Bretton, Central, Dogsthorpe, East, Fletton, North, Orton Longueville, Orton Waterville, Park, Paston, Ravensthorpe, Stanground, Walton, and West.

1997-2010: The City of Peterborough wards of Bretton, Central, Dogsthorpe, East, North, Park, Paston, Ravensthorpe, Walton, Werrington, and West.

2010-present: The City of Peterborough wards of Bretton North, Bretton South, Central, Dogsthorpe, East, Eye and Thorney, Newborough, North, Park, Paston, Ravensthorpe, Walton, Werrington North, Werrington South, and West.

The City of Peterborough formed a parliamentary borough returning two Members in 1541. The rest of the Soke of Peterborough was part of the Northamptonshire parliamentary county, except the area south of the River Nene in the historic county of Huntingdonshire and Thorney, which was considered part of Cambridgeshire. Until 1832 when the whole of the parish of Saint John the Baptist was encompassed, the boundary, as far as is known, excluded the villages of Longthorpe, Dogsthorpe and Newark with Eastfield. The Great Reform Act did not affect the borough, while the rural portion of the Soke was included in the northern division of Northamptonshire. New Fletton was transferred from Huntingdonshire in 1868 and in 1918 the parliamentary borough was abolished and replaced with a new division of the parliamentary county of Northampton with the Soke of Peterborough,[4] including the whole of the Soke and neighbouring parts of the administrative county of Northamptonshire, extending down to and beyond Thrapston and Corby. This became a county constituency under the 1948 revisions, when the boundaries of the constituency were adjusted to correspond to those of the Soke and they remained much the same until 1970.[5] Peterborough became a county constituency in 1974.

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Cambridgeshire in 2005, the Boundary Commission for England made minor alterations to the existing constituencies to deal with population changes. The electoral wards used to create the modified Peterborough constituency fought at the 2010 general election are: Bretton North, Bretton South, Central, Dogsthorpe, East, Eye and Thorney, Newborough, North, Park, Paston, Ravensthorpe, Walton, Werrington North, Werrington South, and West.[6] These changes increased the electorate from 64,893 to 70,640. On the enumeration date of 17 February 2000, the electoral quota for England was 69,934 voters per constituency.[7]

The Peterborough wards of Barnack, Fletton, Glinton and Wittering, Northborough, Orton Longueville, Orton Waterville, Orton with Hampton, Stanground Central, and Stanground East form part of the North West Cambridgeshire constituency created in 1997 from parts of Peterborough and Huntingdon constituencies. The serving member for North West Cambridgeshire is the Conservative, Shailesh Vara MP, who succeeded Sir Brian Mawhinney, former Secretary of State for Transport and Chairman of the Conservative Party, in 2005. Mawhinney, who had previously served as Member of Parliament for Peterborough from 1979, was created Baron Mawhinney, of Peterborough in the county of Cambridgeshire in 2005. Eye and Thorney was previously included in the North East Cambridgeshire (prior to 1983 Isle of Ely) constituency.

Franchise[edit]

The Guildhall, Cathedral Square (1669–1671), site of the former Market Place.

In the unreformed House of Commons to be either a candidate or an elector for a county seat, a man had to own (not rent) freehold property valued for the land tax at two pounds a year (women could neither vote nor stand for election). This was known as the 40/- freehold. The franchise for borough seats varied enormously. Originally in Peterborough the dean and chapter had claimed the franchise and held that only residents of Minster Precincts were burgesses. By the interregnum, the city was one of 37 boroughs in which suffrage was restricted to those paying scot and lot, a form of municipal taxation. In 1800 there were 2,000 registered voters in Northamptonshire and 400 in Peterborough. By 1835 this was 576, or about one per cent of the population.[8] Bribery was general until the introduction of the secret ballot under the Ballot Act 1872. Votes were cast by spoken declaration, in public, at the hustings, erected on the Market Place (now Cathedral Square).[9]

In 1832 the Great Reform Act enfranchised those who owned or leased land worth £10 or more and the Second Reform Act extended this to all householders paying £10 or more in rent per annum, effectively enfranchising the skilled working class, so by 1868 the percentage of voters in Peterborough had risen to about 20% of the population.[10] The Third Reform Act extended the provisions of the previous act to the counties and the Fourth Reform Act widened suffrage further by abolishing practically all property qualifications for men and by enfranchising women over 30 who met minimum property qualifications. This system, known as universal manhood suffrage, was first used in the 1918 general election. However, full electoral equality wouldn't occur until the Fifth Reform Act ten years later.

According to the 2001 census, the population count of Peterborough constituency is 95,103 persons, comprising 46,131 males and 48,972 females. 67.56% of those aged 16–74 are economically active, including 5.92% umemployed; a further 12.26% are retired and 3.08% students. Of a total 39,760 households, 63.80% are owner occupied, fewer than the regional (72.71%) and national (68.72%) averages.[11] Turnout at the 2005 general election was 41,194 or 61.0% of those eligible to vote, below the regional (63.6%) and national (61.3%) figures.

Members of Parliament[edit]

The Town Hall, Upper Bridge Street (1930–1933), formerly Narrow Street.

Peterborough sent two members to parliament for the first time in 1547. Before the civil war, many were relatives of the clergy; then for two hundred years after the restoration there was always a Fitzwilliam, or a Fitzwilliam nominee, sitting as member for Peterborough, making it a Whig stronghold.[12] Representation was reduced to one member under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.[13] From the formal merger of the breakaway Liberal Unionists with the Conservatives in 1912 and the absorption of rural North Northamptonshire in 1918, Peterborough has been predominantly Conservative. The growth in the New Town from 1967 may in part account for Labour's victory here in 1974. Since its formation in 1997, North West Cambridgeshire has been one of the safest Conservative seats in the country. At the election which followed, Peterborough was ranked 93rd in the Conservatives's one hundred most vulnerable seats (the ones which the other parties must take if there is to be a change of government) and 73rd on Labour's target list.

In 1966, the closest poll in UK history, Sir Harmar Nicholls held the seat by three votes after seven recounts. Nicholls was the Conservative member from 1950 to 1974, when he lost in the October election of that year to Labour's Michael Ward, having held on by just 22 votes after four recounts in the election eight months earlier.[14] After he lost his seat he was created Baron Harmar-Nicholls, of Peterborough in the county of Cambridgeshire and served, from 1979 to 1984, as Member of the European Parliament for Greater Manchester South. David Cecil, 6th Marquess of Exeter, winner of 400m hurdles at the 1928 Summer Olympics, member of the International Olympic Committee for 48 years and chairman of the organising committee of the 1948 Summer Olympics, was the Conservative member from 1931 to 1943. Lord Burghley, as he then was, succeeded the socialist writer and illustrator, Frank Horrabin, who was born in the city and elected under the leadership of Ramsay MacDonald in 1929.[15]

The most recent Labour MP for Peterborough, Helen Clark (née Brinton), won the seat in 1997. She was defeated at the 2005 general election, following which it was widely reported that Clark was planning to defect to the Conservative Party,[16] an announcement which was not popular locally.[17] However, by early June it emerged that while she had left the Labour Party, she had not in fact joined the Conservatives and did not intend to.[18]

One of the earliest incumbents, Sir Walter Mildmay, member for Peterborough from 1553 to 1554, subsequently became Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1559 to 1589. Later, in the nineteenth century, William Elliot, Whig member from 1802 until his death in 1819, was Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland between 1806 and 1807; the Hon. William Lamb (later the 2nd Viscount Melbourne), Whig member from 1816 to 1819, became Home Secretary in 1830 then Prime Minister from 1834 to 1841; and Sir James Scarlett (later the 1st Baron Abinger), Whig member from 1819 to 1830, was, from 1827, Attorney General for England and Wales.[19]

Parliamentary Borough 1547–1918[edit]

MPs 1542–1660[edit]

Election Senior Member Junior Member
1542 Sir Thomas Moyle[20]
1547 Sir Wymond Carew, died
and replaced in 1552 by
John Campanett[21]
Richard Pallady[22]
March 1553  ?  ?
Oct. 1553 Sir Walter Mildmay[23] Sir William FitzWilliam[24]
April 1554 John Gamlin (Gamblin, Gamlyn)[25] Giles Isham
Nov. 1554 William Liveley[26] Gilbert Bull
1555 Maurice Tyrell John Mountsteven
1558 Giles Isham Thomas Hussey
1559 Sir William FitzWilliam Robert Wingfield, Jr.
1562 John FitzWilliam
1571 Sir William FitzWilliam Henry Cheke, sat for Bedford
and replaced by
Brian Ansley
1572 Robert Wingfield, Jr., died
and replaced in 1581 by
Sir William FitzWilliam
Hugh FitzWilliam died
and replaced 1576 by
Humphrey Mildmay
1584 Sir William FitzWilliam[27] James Scambler
1586 Thomas Hacke
1589 Sir Thomas Reede Thomas Howland
1593 William Hacke
1597 John Wingfield Alexander Neville
1601 Nicholas Tufton Goddard Pemberton
1603 Sir Richard Cecil of Wakerley Edward Wymarke
1614 Sir William Walter Roger Manwood
1621 Mildmay Fane[28] Walter Fitzwilliam
1624 Sir Francis Fane[29] Laurence Whitaker
1625 Sir Christopher Hatton
1626 Mildmay Fane, Lord Burghersh
1628
The Short Parliament (April–May 1640)
April 1640 David Cecil William FitzWilliam, 2nd Baron FitzWilliam
The Long Parliament (1640–1648), the Rump Parliament (1648–1653) and the Barebone's Parliament (1653)
Nov. 1640 William FitzWilliam, 2nd Baron FitzWilliam Sir Robert Napier, 2nd Baronet
The First Protectorate Parliament (1654–1655); one member only
1654 Col. Alexander Blake[30]
The Second (1656–1658) and Third (1659) Protectorate Parliaments
1656 Col. Alexander Blake Francis St John

MPs 1660–1883[edit]

The Tories (or Abhorrers) and Whigs (or Petitioners) originated in the Court and Country parties that emerged in the aftermath of the civil war, although it is more accurate to describe them as loose tendencies, both of which might be regarded as conservative in modern terms.[31] Modern party politics did not really begin to coalesce in Great Britain until at least 1784.

Election First Member[32] 1st Party Second Member[32] 2nd Party
The Rump Parliament recalled (1659) and the Long Parliament restored (1660)
1660 Sir Humphrey Orme[33] Court Charles Fane, Lord le Despencer Country
1666 Edward Palmer[34] Whig
1667 William FitzWilliam, 3rd Baron FitzWilliam[35] Whig
1671 Sir Vere Fane Whig
Feb. 1679 Francis St John Whig
Aug. 1679 Charles Orme Whig
1681 William FitzWilliam, 3rd Baron FitzWilliam Whig
1685 Charles FitzWilliam Whig Charles Orme Whig
1688 Sir Gilbert Dolben, 1st Baronet[36] Whig
1689 Sir William Brownlow, 4th Baronet Whig
1698 Hon. Sidney Wortley-Montagu Whig Francis St John Whig
1701 Sir Gilbert Dolben, 1st Baronet Whig
1710 John FitzWilliam, Viscount Milton Whig Charles Parker Tory
1722 Hon. Sidney Wortley-Montagu Whig
1727 Sir Edward O'Bryan, 2nd Baronet[37] Tory
1727 Hon. Sidney Wortley-Montagu Whig
1728 by-election Joseph Banks Whig
1729 by-election Charles Gounter-Nicoll Whig
Jan. 1734 by-election Armstead Parker Tory
April 1734 Sir Edward Wortley Montagu Whig
1741 William FitzWilliam, 3rd Earl FitzWilliam Whig
1742 by-election Armstead Parker Tory
1747 Sir Matthew Lamb, 1st Baronet[38] Whig
1761 Armstead Parker Tory
March 1768 Matthew Wyldbore Whig
Nov. 1768 by-election Henry Belasyse, Viscount Belasyse Whig
1774 by-election Richard Benyon Whig
1780 James Farrel Phipps Whig
1786 by-election Hon. Lionel Damer Whig
1796 Dr. French Laurence[39] Whig
1802 William Elliot Whig
1809 by-election Francis Russell, Marquess of Tavistock Whig
1812 George Ponsonby[40] Whig
1816 by-election Hon. William Lamb[41] Whig
Feb. 1819 by-election Sir James Scarlett[42] Whig
Nov. 1819 by-election Sir Robert Heron, 2nd Baronet[43] Whig
Aug. 1830 Charles Wentworth-FitzWilliam, Viscount Milton[44] Whig
Nov. 1830 by-election John Nicholas Fazakerley Whig
1841 Hon. George Wentworth-FitzWilliam Whig
1847 Hon. William Cavendish Whig
1852 Hon. Richard Watson Whig
1852 by-election George Hammond Whalley[45] Whig
1853 by-election Thomson Hankey[46] Whig
1859 George Hammond Whalley Liberal
1868 William Wells[47] Liberal
1874 Thomson Hankey Liberal
1878 by-election Hon. John Wentworth-FitzWilliam Liberal
1880 George Hampden Whalley[48] Liberal
1883 by-election Sir Sydney Buxton[49] Liberal
1885 representation reduced to one member

MPs 1885–1918[edit]

In 1832 the Tory Party evolved into the Conservative Party and in 1859 the Whig Party evolved, with Radicals and Peelites, into the Liberal Party. In opposition to Irish home rule, the Liberal Unionists ceded from the Liberals in 1886, aligning themselves with the Conservatives. The Labour Party was later founded, as the Labour Representation Committee, in 1900.

Election Member[32] Party
1885 Hon. John Wentworth-FitzWilliam Independent Liberal / Liberal Unionist[50]
1889 by-election Sir Alpheus Cleophas Morton Liberal
1895 Sir Robert Purvis Liberal Unionist / Conservative
1906 Sir Granville Greenwood[51] Liberal
1918 parliamentary borough abolished

Division and County Constituency[edit]

The parliamentary borough of Peterborough was abolished under the Representation of the People Act 1918, and the name was transferred to a division of the new parliamentary county of Northampton with the Soke of Peterborough.[4] The Peterborough division became a county constituency in 1950.

MPs 1918–1974[edit]

Election Member[32] Party
1918 Sir Henry Brassey, 1st Baronet[52] Coalition Conservative
1929 James Francis Horrabin[53] Labour
1931 David Cecil, Lord Burghley[54] Conservative and Unionist
1943 by-election John Hely-Hutchinson, Viscount Suirdale Conservative and Unionist
1945 Stanley Tiffany Labour Co-operative
1950 Sir Harmar Nicholls, 1st Baronet[55] Conservative and Unionist
Feb. 1974 county constituency abolished

Borough Constituency[edit]

Peterborough was redefined as a borough constituency with effect from the February 1974 general election.[56] Successors of the historic parliamentary boroughs, the spending limits for election campaigns are slightly lower than in county constituencies.

MPs since 1974[edit]

Election Member[32] Party
Feb. 1974 Sir Harmar Nicholls, 1st Baronet[56] Conservative
Oct. 1974 Michael Ward Labour
1979 Sir Brian Mawhinney Conservative
1997 Helen Clark Labour
2005 Stewart Jackson Conservative

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Peterborough[57]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stewart Jackson 18,684 39.7 -0.7
Labour Lisa Forbes 16,759 35.6 +6.1
UKIP Mary Hardman 7,485 15.9 +9.2
Liberal Democrat Darren Fower 1,774 3.8 -15.9
Green Darren Bisby-Boyd 1,218 2.6 +1.4
Liberal Chris Ash 639 1.4 N/A
Independent John Fox 516 1.1 N/A
Majority 1,925 4.1 -6.7
Turnout 47,075 64.9 +1.0
Conservative hold Swing -3.4
General Election 2010: Peterborough[58]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stewart Jackson 18,133 40.4 -2.9
Labour Ed Murphy 13,272 29.5 -4.8
Liberal Democrat Nick Sandford 8,816 19.6 +2.9
UKIP Frances Fox 3,007 6.7 +3.5
English Democrats Rob King 770 1.7 N/A
Green Fiona Radic 523 1.2 N/A
Independent John Swallow 406 0.9 N/A
Majority 4,861 10.8 +4.2
Turnout 44,927 63.9 +2.9
Conservative hold Swing +0.95

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Peterborough[59]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stewart Jackson 17,364 42.1 +4.1
Labour Helen Clark 14,624 35.5 -9.6
Liberal Democrat Nick Sandford 6,876 16.7 +2.2
UKIP Mary Herdman 1,242 3.0 +0.6
National Front Terry Blackham 931 2.3 N/A
Independent Marc Potter 167 0.4 N/A
Majority 2,730 6.6 N/A
Turnout 41,194 61.0 +5.8
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +6.85
General Election 2001: Peterborough [60]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Helen Brinton 17,975 45.1 -5.2
Conservative Stewart Jackson 15,121 38.0 +2.8
Liberal Democrat Nick Sandford 5,761 14.5 +3.8
UKIP Julian Fairweather 955 2.4 +1.7
Majority 2,854 7.1 -8.0
Turnout 39,812 61.4 -11.4
Labour hold Swing -4.0

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Peterborough [61]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Helen Brinton (AKA Helen Clark) 24,365 50.3 +10.1
Conservative Jacqueline Foster 17,042 35.2 -13.1
Liberal Democrat David Howarth 5,170 10.7 +2.8
Referendum Philip Slater 924 1.91 N/A
Natural Law Charles Brettell 334 0.7 +0.4
UKIP John Linskey 317 0.7 N/A
ProLife Alliance Stephen Goldspink 275 0.6 N/A
Majority 7,323 15.1 N/A
Turnout 48,427 72.8 -2.3
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +11.6
General Election 1992: Peterborough [62]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Brian Mawhinney 31,827 48.3 -1.1
Labour Julie Owens 26,451 40.2 +6.5
Liberal Democrat Amanda Taylor 5,208 7.9 -8.2
Liberal Erbie Murat 1,557 2.4 N/A
BNP Richard Heaton 311 0.5 N/A
Independent Pamela Beasley 271 0.4 N/A
Natural Law Charles Brettell 215 0.3 N/A
Majority 5,376 8.1 -7.6
Turnout 65,840 75.1 +1.6
Conservative hold Swing -3.8

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Peterborough[63]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Brian Mawhinney 30,624 49.4 +2.3
Labour Andrew MacKinlay 20,840 33.7 +4.7
Liberal DW Green 9,984 16.1 N/A
Green NA Callaghan 506 0.8 -0.1
Majority 9,784 15.7 -2.4
Turnout 61,951 73.5 +0.2
Conservative hold Swing -1.2
General Election 1983: Peterborough[64]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Brian Mawhinney 27,270 47.1 -1.7
Labour BW Fish 16,831 29.0 -10.8
Social Democratic Lady Walston 13,142 22.7 N/A
Ecology NA Callaghan 511 0.9 N/A
Workers Revolutionary DE Hyland 155 0.3 +0.11
Majority 10,439 18.1 +9.12
Turnout 57,909 73.3 -4.64
Conservative hold Swing +4.55

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Peterborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Brian Mawhinney 27,734 48.80 +8.12
Labour Michael Ward 22,632 39.82 -4.43
Liberal D Green 5,685 10.00 -4.87
National Front J Willhelmy 672 1.18 N/A
Workers Revolutionary M Bishop 106 0.19 N/A
Majority 5,102 8.98 N/A
Turnout 56,829 77.94 -0.07
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +6.28
General Election, October 1974: Peterborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Michael Ward 21,820 44.45 +4.94
Conservative Sir Harmar Nicholls 19,972 40.68 +1.13
Liberal Peter J. Boizot 7,302 14.87 -6.06
Majority 1,848 3.76 N/A
Turnout 49,094 77.87 -4.45
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +1.91
General Election, February 1974: Peterborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir Harmar Nicholls 20,353 39.55 -14.53
Labour Michael Ward 20,331 39.51 -6.41
Liberal Peter J. Boizot 10,772 20.93 N/A
Majority 22 0.04 -8.13
Turnout 51,456 82.32 +3.83
Conservative hold Swing -4.06
General Election 1970: Peterborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir Harmar Nicholls 30,227 54.08 +8.01
Labour Michael Ward 25,662 45.92 -0.14
Majority 4,565 8.17 +8.16
Turnout 55,889 78.49 -2.93
Conservative hold Swing +4.08

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Peterborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir Harmar Nicholls 23,944 46.07 -0.48
Labour Michael Ward 23,941 46.06 +4.58
Liberal Basil E Goldstone 4,093 7.87 -4.10
Majority 3 0.01 -5.06
Turnout 51,978 81.42 -0.34
Conservative hold Swing -2.53
General Election 1964: Peterborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir Harmar Nicholls 24,045 46.55 -8.01
Labour David Saunders 21,428 41.48 -3.96
Liberal Lawrence Young 6,181 11.97 N/A
Majority 2,617 5.07 -4.05
Turnout 51,654 81.76 -1.23
Conservative hold Swing -2.03

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Peterborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harmar Nicholls 27,414 54.56 +1.28
Labour Betty Boothroyd 22,830 45.44 -1.28
Majority 4,584 9.12 +2.56
Turnout 50,244 82.99 -0.02
Conservative hold Swing +1.28
General Election 1955: Peterborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harmar Nicholls 26,319 53.28 +5.23
Labour AEVA Farrer 23,081 46.72 -0.60
Majority 3,238 6.55 +5.82
Turnout 49,400 83.01 -3.79
Conservative hold Swing +2.92
General Election 1951: Peterborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harmar Nicholls 24,536 48.05 +2.11
Labour AEVA Farrer 24,163 47.32 +1.67
Liberal Wolf Isaac Akst 2,367 4.64 -3.78
Majority 373 0.73 +0.44
Turnout 51,066 86.80 -0.43
Conservative hold Swing +0.22
General Election 1950: Peterborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harmar Nicholls 22,815 45.94 -3.36
Labour Co-op Stanley Tiffany 22,671 45.65 -5.05
Liberal Wolf Isaac Akst 4,180 8.42 N/A
Majority 144 0.29 -1.01
Turnout 49,666 86.37 +13.47
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +0.7

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Peterborough[65]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Stanley Tiffany 22,056 50.7
Conservative John Michael Henry Hely-Hutchinson, Viscount Suirdale 21,485 49.3
Majority 571 1.3
Turnout 72.9
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
Peterborough by-election, 1943[65]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Michael Henry Hely-Hutchinson, Viscount Suirdale 11,976 52.4
Independent Labour Samuel Bennett 10,890 47.6
Majority 1,086
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40 Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected:

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Peterborough[65]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David George Brownlow Cecil, Lord Burghley 22,677 56.6
Labour Ernest A J Davies 17,373 43.4
Majority 5,304 13.2
Turnout 40,050 80.8
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Peterborough[65]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David George Brownlow Cecil, Lord Burghley 26,640 65.2
Labour James Francis Horrabin 14,206 34.8
Majority 12,434 30.4
Turnout 40,846 85.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Peterborough[65]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Francis Horrabin 14,743 39.1
Unionist Sir Henry Leonard Campbell Brassey 14,218 37.7
Liberal James William Francis Hill 8,704 23.1
Majority 525 1.4
Turnout 37,665
Labour gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1924: Peterborough [65]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Sir Henry Leonard Campbell Brassey 14,195
Labour John Mansfield 9,180
Liberal Daniel Boyle 4,786
Majority 5,087
Turnout 28,161
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923: Peterborough [65]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Sir Henry Leonard Campbell Brassey 11,634
Labour John Mansfield 8,177
Liberal Daniel Boyle 7,014
Majority 3,457
Turnout 26,825
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1922: Peterborough [65]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Sir Henry Leonard Campbell Brassey 13,560
Labour John Mansfield 8,668
Liberal George Nicholls 6,290
Majority 4,892
Turnout 28,518
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Peterborough[65]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Maj. Henry Leonard Campbell Brassey 9,516
Labour John Mansfield 8,832
Liberal Thomas Ivatt Slater 3,214
Majority 684
Turnout 21,562
Unionist hold Swing

† denotes a candidate endorsed by the Coalition Government

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ ELECTION 2005: Jackson says he's ready to fight Peterborough Evening Telegraph, 7 May 2005[dead link]
  3. ^ Target Seats UK Polling Report (retrieved 19 August 2008)
  4. ^ a b Fraser, Hugh (1918). The Representation of the People Act 1918, with Explanatory notes. London: Sweet and Maxwell. pp. 515–516. 
  5. ^ Youngs, Frederic A. Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England Volume II: Northern England (Part III: Parliamentary Constituencies) Royal Historical Society, London, 1991
  6. ^ Clegg QC, William Final Recommendations for Parliamentary Constituencies in the Counties of Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Boundary Commission for England, 19 January 2005 Archived 28 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Clegg QC, William General Review of Parliamentary Constituency boundaries in Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Assistant Commissioner's report to the chairman and Members of the Boundary Commission for England, 18 March 2004 Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Knight, Charles Peterborough in 1840 Old Towns of England Originally published in The Penny Magazine by The Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge
  9. ^ Forrester, E.G. Northamptonshire County Elections and Electioneering 1695–1832 Oxford University Press, 1941
  10. ^ Pelling, Henry Mathison A Social Geography of British Elections 1885–1910 (pp.96–97 & 106–124) Macmillan, London, 1967
  11. ^ 2001 Census Area Statistics Office for National Statistics, April 2001
  12. ^ Wentworth-Fitzwilliam family of Milton Peterborough City Council (retrieved 22 September 2007) Archived 13 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ Tebbs, Herbert F. Peterborough: A History (pp.192–194) The Oleander Press, Cambridge, 1979. See also Bromund, Ted A Complete Fool's Paradise: The Attack on the Fitzwilliam Interest in Peterborough 1852 Parliamentary History, vol.12 no.1 (pp.47–67) Edinburgh University Press, 1993 and Howarth, Janet The Liberal Revival in Northamptonshire 1880–1895: A Case Study in Late Nineteenth Century Elections The Historical Journal, vol.12 no.1 (pp.78–118) Cambridge University Press, 1969
  14. ^ The Liberal candidate was Peter J. Boizot, founder of the Pizza Express restaurant chain and now Deputy Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire
  15. ^ Craig, Frederick Walter Scott British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1970 (4 vols.) Macmillan, London, 1971–1977 and Stenton, Michael and Lees, Stephen (eds.) Who's Who of British members of parliament 1832–1979: a biographical dictionary of the House of Commons based on annual volumes of Dod's Parliamentary Companion and other sources (4 vols.) Harvester Press, Hassocks, 1976–1981
  16. ^ "BBC NEWS - UK - England - Cambridgeshire - Ousted MP defects to the Tories". bbc.co.uk. 
  17. ^ POLITICS: 'A slap in the face' Peterborough Evening Telegraph, 9 May 2005[dead link]
  18. ^ Moss, Stephen Thrown out of the house The Guardian, 1 June 2005
  19. ^ The History of Parliament The House of Commons: 1509–1558 (3 vols.) Bindoff, S.T., 1558–1603 (3 vols.) Hasler, P.W., 1660–1690 (3 vols.) Henning, Basil Duke, 1715–1754 (2 vols.) Sedgwick, Romney, 1754–1790 (2 vols.) Namier, Sir Lewis Bernstein and Brooke, John, 1790–1820 (5 vols.) Thorne, R.G. Martin Secker and Warburg (reissued by Her Majesty's Stationery Office) for the History of Parliament Trust, London, 1964–1986
  20. ^ "History of Parliament". Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  21. ^ Carter, P. R. N. Carew, Sir Wymond (1498–1549) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/61138, retrieved 6 October 2007)
  22. ^ Airs, Malcolm Pallady, Richard (b. 1515/16, d. in or before 1563) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/21163, retrieved 6 October 2007)
  23. ^ Ford, L. L. Mildmay, Sir Walter (1520/21–1589) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/18696, retrieved 6 October 2007)
  24. ^ Riordan, Michael Henry VIII, privy chamber of (act. 1509–1547) Sir William Fitzwilliam (c.1506–1559) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/70829, retrieved 6 October 2007)
  25. ^ Bindoff, op. cit. (p.186). Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  26. ^ Bindoff, op. cit. (p.537). Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  27. ^ Lyons, Mary Ann Fitzwilliam, Sir William (1526–1599) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/9664, retrieved 6 October 2007)
  28. ^ Wright, Stephen Fane, Mildmay, second earl of Westmorland (1602–1666) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/9139, retrieved 6 October 2007)
  29. ^ Mercer, Malcolm Fane, Sir Thomas (d. 1589) Francis Fane, first earl of Westmorland (1583/4–1629) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/9130, retrieved 6 October 2007)
  30. ^ "Humphrey Orme was elected ... and there was an immediate complaint against his sitting on the grounds that he was neither a good puritan nor a stable parliamentarian;" see Tebbs, op. cit. (p.94). "Although its election committee certainly received and examined evidence concerning a disputed and possibly double return at Peterborough, it is not clear what part, if any, the Council played in the final decision in favour of Alexander Blake;" see Gaunt, Peter Cromwell’s Purge? Exclusions and the First Protectorate Parliament (p.16) Parliamentary History, vol.6 no.1 (pp.1–22) May 1987. "The defeated candidate ... had allegedly been supported by disaffected and disqualified voters; Orme himself had married a recusant and was probably a Royalist sympathiser;" Ibid. at footnote 80 (p.21)
  31. ^ Both terms were originally pejorative, deriving respectively from tóraidhe, one of the dispossessed Irish who became outlaws and whiggamor, a Scots Gaelic word for a cattle or horse drover
  32. ^ a b c d e Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "P" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  33. ^ Double return between Lord le Despencer and Francis St John. Lord le Despencer declared elected
  34. ^ Unseated on petition in favour of Baron Fitzwilliam of Milton Hall in 1667
  35. ^ Hainsworth, D. R. Fitzwilliam, William, first Earl Fitzwilliam in the peerage of Ireland (1643–1719) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/67100, retrieved 6 October 2007)
  36. ^ Rigg, J. M. Dolben, Sir Gilbert, first baronet (1658/9–1722) (rev. D. W. Hayton) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/7774, retrieved 6 October 2007)
  37. ^ "Charles Parker ... in 1728, was High Sheriff of Northamptonshire and at that time not pro-Fitzwilliam. His action at the election of that year led to a case before the Bar of the House of Commons to settle a controversy over the powers of the Bailiffs of the City [and of the Soke] as returning officer at the election. Parker, as Sheriff, sent the election writ to Robert Smith, the Bailiff of the Liberty who returned Earl Fitzwilliam [at that time in the Peerage of Ireland only] and an unknown nominee of [the Earl of Exeter] ... James Pix, the City's Bailiff, contested the return and won, so the sitting members ... were declared elected," even though Wortley Montagu had died six months earlier; see Tebbs, op. cit. (p.95) which incorrectly refers to Sidney's son Edward Wortley Montagu
  38. ^ Turner, Roger Lamb, Sir Matthew, first baronet (1705?–1768) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/15919, retrieved 6 October 2007)
  39. ^ Lambert, Elizabeth R. Laurence, French (1757–1809) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/16126, retrieved 6 October 2007)
  40. ^ Kelly, James Ponsonby, George (1755–1817) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/22495, retrieved 6 October 2007)
  41. ^ Mandler, Peter Lamb, William, second Viscount Melbourne (1779–1848) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/15920, retrieved 6 October 2007)
  42. ^ Barker, G. F. R. Scarlett, James, first Baron Abinger (1769–1844) (rev. Elisabeth A. Cawthon) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/24783, retrieved 6 October 2007)
  43. ^ Courtney, W. P. Heron, Sir Robert, second baronet (1765–1854) (rev. H. C. G. Matthew) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/13091, retrieved 6 October 2007)
  44. ^ Smith, G. B. Fitzwilliam, Charles William Wentworth, third Earl Fitzwilliam in the peerage of Great Britain and fifth Earl Fitzwilliam in the peerage of Ireland (1786–1857) (rev. H. C. G. Matthew) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/9653, retrieved 6 October 2007)
  45. ^ Wallis, Frank H. Whalley, George Hammond (1813–1878) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/29158, retrieved 6 October 2007). Unseated on petition in 1853; at the subsequent by-election he was again returned, but his election was again declared void
  46. ^ Courtney, W. P. Hankey, Thomson (1805–1893) (rev. A. C. Howe) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/12197, retrieved 6 October 2007)
  47. ^ Clarke, Ernest Wells, William (1818–1889) (rev. John Martin) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/29019, retrieved 6 October 2007)
  48. ^ Resigned by becoming Steward of the Manor of Northstead in 1883 and was adjudged bankrupt later that year
  49. ^ Waley, Daniel Buxton, Sydney Charles, Earl Buxton (1853–1934) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/32224, retrieved 6 October 2007)
  50. ^ Pelling, loc. cit. confirms that Wentworth-Fitzwilliam contested the election against an official Liberal candidate and that the Conservative candidate withdrew in his favour. He became a Liberal Unionist the following year and died as a result of a riding accident in 1889
  51. ^ Ryder, Richard D. Greenwood, Sir Granville George (1850–1928) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/41162, retrieved 6 October 2007)
  52. ^ Sitting member for North Northants. from 1910
  53. ^ Cole, Margaret Horrabin, James Francis (1884–1962) (rev. Amanda L. Capern) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/33995, retrieved 6 October 2007)
  54. ^ McWhirter, Norris Cecil, David George Brownlow, sixth marquess of Exeter (1905–1981) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 (subscription required doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/30910, retrieved 6 October 2007). Resigned his seat in 1943 when he was appointed Governor of Bermuda
  55. ^ Roth, Andrew Lord Harmar-Nicholls: Self-made Tory peer more adept at business than politics The Guardian, 18 September 2000
  56. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 46229. p. 2987. 7 March 1974. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
  57. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  58. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  59. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  60. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  61. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  62. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  63. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  64. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  65. ^ a b c d e f g h i Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  66. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°35′N 0°15′W / 52.583°N 0.250°W / 52.583; -0.250