Petr Pithart

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Petr Pithart
Petr Pithart (2016).jpg
1st Prime Minister of the Czech Republic (Federal part)
In office
6 February 1990 – 2 July 1992
President Václav Havel
Preceded by František Pitra
Succeeded by Václav Klaus
President of the Senate
In office
18 December 1996 – 16 November 1998
Preceded by office established
Succeeded by Libuše Benešová
In office
19 December 2000 – 15 December 2004
Preceded by Libuše Benešová
Succeeded by Přemysl Sobotka
Senator from Chrudim
In office
23 November 1996 – 28 October 2012
Preceded by office created
Succeeded by Jan Veleba
Personal details
Born (1941-01-02) 2 January 1941 (age 77)
Kladno, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
Nationality Czech
Political party KSČ (1959-68)
OF (1989-91)
OH (1991-92)
KDU–ČSL (since 1998)
Spouse(s) Drahomíra Hromádková
Children David
Alma mater Charles University
Occupation Lawyer

Petr Pithart (born 2 January 1941) is a Czech politician, lawyer and political scientist who served as Prime Minister of the Czech Republic (then part of Czechoslovakia) from 6 February 1990 to 2 July 1992. He was also Senator from Chrudim from 1996 to 2012 and served as its President from 18 December 1996 to 16 December 1998 and again from 19 December 2000 to 15 December 2004.

On 1 January 2018 Pithart received a state award the Order of the White Double Cross (second class) from President of Slovakia Andrej Kiska.[1]

Political career[edit]

Pithart was member of Communist Party of Czechoslovakia since 1960, was active in the Prague Spring and left the party after the Soviet invasion; later he was one of the most prominent dissidents against the communist regime. He was imprisoned for this activity including being one of the first signatories of Charter 77. In 1989 he was one of the prominent leaders of the Civic Forum founded at the start of the overthrow of the regime. Having participated in the negotiations which led to the change of the federal, Czech and Slovak governments, he was appointed Prime Minister of the then Czech Socialist Republic.

Pithart is viewed by many as an indecisive philosopher and thinker[citation needed], rather than a tactical or charismatic leader. His 1990-92 Czech government was not capable of dealing with the actions of the federal Minister for Finance Václav Klaus and his increasingly popular Civic Democratic Party nor growing Slovak nationalism which led in the end to dissolution of Czechoslovakia as well as his defeated party, Civic Movement.

Finally, he failed in his bid to become President of the Czech Republic at the 2003 election, losing to rival Václav Klaus due to the government coalition's disunity as well as his unwillingness to do a deal with the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia - a barrier which the more stridently public anti-communist Klaus had no difficulty ignoring or, subsequently, refusing to discuss.

In 1998 he became a member of the Christian and Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party.[2]

He was elected as senator in 1996. He was re-elected in 2000 and 2006. He was the First Deputy Chairman of the Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic from 2004 to 2012.[3] In 2012 he retired.


External links[edit]

Media related to Petr Pithart at Wikimedia Commons