Petrel Island (Antarctica)

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For other uses, see Petrel Island.

Petrel Island (French: Île des Pétrels) is a rocky island, 900 m long and 45 m in elevation, which lies north-west of Rostand Island and is the largest feature in the cluster of islands at the south-eastern end of Geologie Archipelago. It was photographed from the air by U.S. Navy Operation Highjump, 1946-47, charted by the French Antarctic Expedition, 1949-51, and so named by them because numerous snow petrel nests present. In January 1952, following destruction of the Port Martin base by fire, the French Antarctic Expedition under Marret, 1952-53, enlarged the hut on Petrel Island to serve as the new base site. The island is now the site of Dumont d'Urville Station.

Historic sites[edit]

The wooden building known as ‘Base Marret’, where seven men under Marret's command overwintered in 1952 following the fire at Port Martin, has been designated a Historic Site or Monument (HSM 47), following a proposal by France to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting. The iron cross on the north-east headland of the island is dedicated as a memorial to André Prudhomme, head meteorologist on the third International Geophysical Year expedition, who disappeared during a blizzard on 7 January 1959; it has similarly been designated a Historic Site or Monument (HSM 48).[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "List of Historic Sites and Monuments approved by the ATCM (2012)" (PDF). Antarctic Treaty Secretariat. 2012. Retrieved 2014-01-02. 

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Petrel Island (Antarctica)" (content from the Geographic Names Information System).

Coordinates: 66°40′S 140°1′E / 66.667°S 140.017°E / -66.667; 140.017