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Cliff Swallow Builder.jpg
An American cliff swallow starting to build a mud nest under the eaves of a building in California
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Hirundinidae
Genus: Petrochelidon
Cabanis, 1850

10, See text

Petrochelidon is a genus of birds known as cliff-nesting swallows. The genus name Petrochelidon is from the Ancient Greek words petros, "rock", and khelidon, "swallow".[1]

The genus includes all of the five species of birds commonly called cliff swallow, and contains the following species:

Species in taxonomic order[edit]

Image Common name Scientific name Distribution
Juvenile Cliff Swallow.jpg American cliff swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Canada and the United States of America, South American countries, such as Southern Brazil, Uruguay, and parts of Argentina.
Cave Swallow (24145023757).jpg Cave swallow Petrochelidon fulva south-eastern New Mexico, Texas, Florida, the Greater Antilles, portions of southern Mexico, and along the west coast of South America.
Chestnut-collared Swallow - South Ecuador S4E9881 (16978771121).jpg Chestnut-collared swallow Petrochelidon rufocollaris Ecuador and Peru.
Petrochelidon preussi -Southwest Region, Cameroon -four-8.jpg Preuss's cliff swallow Petrochelidon preussi Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
Petrochelidon rufigula, broeikolonie in Angola, Birding Weto, a.jpg Red-throated cliff swallow Petrochelidon rufigula Angola, Republic of the Congo, DRC, Gabon, and Zambia.
Red Sea cliff swallow Petrochelidon perdita Sudan.
South African cliff swallow, Petrochelidon spilodera, at Suikerbosrand Nature Reserve, Gauteng, South Africa (23375433635).jpg South African cliff swallow Petrochelidon spilodera Botswana, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
Streaked-throated Swallow (Hirundo fluvicola) in Hyderabad, AP W IMG 2514.jpg Streak-throated swallow Petrochelidon fluvicola Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan.
Fairy Martin (6084093165).jpg Fairy martin Petrochelidon ariel Australia, with some birds reaching New Guinea and Indonesia.
Tree Martin (4468433245).jpg Tree martin Petrochelidon nigricans Australia, New Guinea, Indonesia east of the Wallace Line and the Solomon Islands.


  1. ^ Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 300. ISBN 1408125013.

External links[edit]