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NI Robin Karori.jpg
North Island robin (Petroica longipes)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Petroicidae
Genus: Petroica
Swainson, 1829

13; see text

Petroica is a genus of Australasian robins, named due to their red and pink markings. They are not closely related to the European robin nor the American robin.

The genus was introduced by the English naturalist William John Swainson in 1829 with the Norfolk robin (Petroica multicolor) as the type species.[1][2] The generic name combines the Ancient Greek petro- "rock" with oikos "home".[3]

Many species in Australia have a red breast and are known colloquially as "red robins" as distinct from the "yellow robins" of the genus Eopsaltria.[4]

Species and subspecies[edit]

The genus contains the following 13 species:[5]


  1. ^ Swainson, William John (1829). Zoological illustrations, or, Original figures and descriptions of new, rare, or interesting animals. Series 2. Volume 1. London: Baldwin, Cradock. Plate 36 text.
  2. ^ Mayr, Ernst; Cottrell, G. William, eds. (1986). Check-list of Birds of the World. Volume 11. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 562.
  3. ^ Jobling, J.A. (2019). del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E. (eds.). "Petroica". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive: Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  4. ^ Dowling DK (2003). "Breeding biology of the red-capped robin". Australian Journal of Zoology. CSIRO Publishing. 51 (6): 533–549. doi:10.1071/ZO03028. Retrieved 2007-06-07.
  5. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2019). "Australasian robins, rockfowl, rockjumpers, Rail-babbler". World Bird List Version 9.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  • Del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A. & Christie D. (editors). (2006). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 12: Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-84-96553-42-2

Further reading[edit]

  • Kearns, A.M.; Malloy, J.F.; Gobbert, M.K.; Thierry, A; Joseph, L.; Driskell, A.C.; Omland, K.E. (2019). "Nuclear introns help unravel the diversification history of the Australo-Pacific Petroica robins". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 131: 48–54. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2018.10.024.