Petrological Database of the Ocean Floor
The Petrological Database of the Ocean Floor (PetDB) is a relational database and repository for global geochemical data on igneous and metamorphic rocks generated at mid-ocean ridges including back-arc basins, young seamounts, and old oceanic crust, as well as ophiolites and terrestrial xenoliths from the mantle and lower crust and diamond geochemistry. These data are obtained by analyses of whole rock powders, volcanic glasses, and minerals by a wide range of techniques including mass spectrometry, atomic emission spectrometry, x-ray fluorescence spectrometry, and wet chemical analyses. Data are compiled from the scientific literature by PetDB data managers, as well as being provided by members of the scientific community. PetDB is administered by the EarthChem group under the IEDA facility at LDEO headed by K. Lehnert.PetDB is supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation.
Development of PetDB began in 1995 when scientists from the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO) C. Langmuir (now at Harvard University), W. Ryan, and A. Boulanger saw the potential impact of new information technologies such as the World Wide Web and relational databases on the use of scientific data in research and in the classroom.
The initial funding phase of PetDB (1996–2001) supported the development of the database structure and population with data values. Renewed funding (2002–2007) permitted the migration of the database into an ORACLE-based environment administered by the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) of Columbia University, continued data entry, and enhancement of the web-interface with a more user-friendly design.
PetDB is now maintained by EarthChem and funded by the US National Science Foundation as part of the Interdisciplinary Earth Data Alliance facility. IEDA is an umbrella data facility that joins EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System. This joint facility is funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation as a cooperative agreement.
The relational database structure of PetDB is a sample-based implementation and designed to accommodate chemical and petrological data for any type of rock sample, along with essential metadata that provide information about the sample (e.g. location and time of collection, taxonomy, petrographic description) and the data quality (e.g. analytical procedure, reference standard measurements) (Lehnert et al. 2000). Initially developed for PetDB and its subareal counterpart GEOROC, this relational data model has demonstrated utility and flexibility by its application in subsequent geochemical database projects including NAVDAT, MetPetDB, and SedDB
Since its inception, PetDB has supported a wide array of scientific endeavors, providing easy access to a comprehensive global dataset of geochemical data for mid-ocean ridge basalts, abyssal peridotites and also xenolith samples from the Earth's mantle and lower crust. PetDB has been cited in more than 611 peer-reviewed scientific articles as the source of data used to develop and test new hypotheses which range from the chemical and mineralogical composition of Earth's mantle (e.g. Salters & Stracke 2004, Thirlwall et al. 2004), to the generation and evolution of continental and oceanic crust (e.g. Weyer et al. 2003, Cipriani et al. 2004), melt transport phenomena (Braun & Kelemen 2002, Spiegelman & Kelemen 2003), to global geochemical seawater budgets (e.g. van der Flierdt et al. 2004).
In its current application, PetDB contains and provides on-line access to a complete set of chemical parameters (currently over 250 elements, oxides, isotopes and isotope ratios), as well as petrographic (mode) data through a sophisticated query interface. New data are continuously being added to the database as it is published and submitted to PetDB by authors. Data for a specific sample that is generated by different laboratories or published by various authors are linked and integrated through the use of a unique sample identifier generated by the database application.
As of October, 2016, PetDB holdings consist of:
- References: 2,338
- Samples: 90,108
- Stations: 25,261
- Bulk rock data points: 1,174,126
- Volcanic Glass values: 655,267
- Mineral values: 1,419,406
- Melt Inclusion values: 97,468
- Total values: 3,364,541
Up-to-date current holdings can be viewed on the PetDB homepage.
Data from PetDB can be viewed in HTML tables and downloaded in spreadsheets in XLS format. During selection of chemical parameters a user can choose to retrieve data as individual values (each row in the data table contains values measured on the same sample with the same method and linked to the same reference) or in precompiled format. The precompiled format arranges all data associated with a sample in a single row, even when data is sourced from multiple publications. In cases where there is more than one data value for a particular chemical item, the precompilation algorithm selects the most recent analysis and the most precise method available. Links in the HTML table permit the user to access more detailed information about the sample, reference or data value (analytical procedure). The final spreadsheet output contains two worksheets. The first contains queried chemical data, geospatial coordinates, and abridged methods and references, while the second contains metadata on analytical methods and publication information.
- Alemayehu M, Zhang H-, Sakyi PA. Nature and evolution of lithospheric mantle beneath the southern Ethiopian rift zone: evidence from petrology and geochemistry of mantle xenoliths. International Journal of Earth Sciences. 2016.Template:10.1007/s00531-016-1342-z
- Braun, M. G. and P. B. Kelemen (2002). "Dunite distribution in the Oman Ophiolite: Implications for melt flux through porous dunite conduits" G-CUBED 3(11): 8603. doi:10.1029/2001GC000289
- Chavrit, D., Humler, E., Grasset, O.(2014)."Mapping modern CO2 fluxes and mantle carbon content all along the mid-ocean ridge system" EPSL 387:229-39.doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2013.11.036
- Cipriani, A., H. K. Brueckner, et al. (2004). "Oceanic crust generated by elusive parents: Sr and Nd isotopes in basalt-peridotite pairs from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge." GEOLOGY 32: 657-660. doi:10.1130/G20560.1
- Horsburgh JS, Aufdenkampe AK, Mayorga E, Lehnert KA, Hsu L, Song L, et al. Observations Data Model 2: A community information model for spatially discrete Earth observations. Environmental Modelling & Software. 2016;79:55-74.Template:10.1016/j.envsoft.2016.01.010
- Lehnert, K.A., Su, Y., Langmuir, C.H., Sarbas, B., Nohl, U., "A global geochemical database structure for rocks", G-CUBED, Volume 1, 2000. doi:10.1029/1999GC000026
- McNutt M, Lehnert K, Hanson B, Nosek BA, Ellison AM, King JL. Liberating field science samples and data. Science. 2016;351(6277):1024-6.doi:10.1126/science.aad7048
- Salters, V. J. M. and A. Stracke (2004). "Composition of the depleted mantle." G-CUBED 5(5). doi:10.1029/2003GC000597
- Spiegelman, M. and P. B. Kelemen (2003). "Extreme chemical variability as a consequence of channelized melt transport " G-CUBED 4. doi:10.1029/2002GC000336
- Thirlwall, M. F., M. A. M. Gee, et al. (2004). "Mantle components in Iceland and adjacent ridges investigated using double-spike Pb isotope ratios." GEOCHIM COSMOCHIM ACTA 68: 361-386. doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(03)00424-1
- van de Flierdt, T., M. Frank, et al. (2004). "Tracing the history of submarine hydrothermal inputs and the significance of hydrothermal hafnium for the seawater budget -- a combined Pb-Hf-Nd isotope approach." EARTH PLANET SCI LETT 222: 259-273. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2004.02.025
- Weyer, S., C. Muenker, et al. (2003). "Nb/Ta, Zr/Hf and REE in the depleted mantle: implications for the differentiation history of the crust-mantle system." EARTH PLANET SCI LETT 205: 309-324. doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(02)01059-2