Petronas Philharmonic Hall
Interior of the concert hall
|Location||Petronas Twin Towers KLCC, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia|
|Owner||KLCC Property Holdings Berhad|
|Seating type||hall seats, box seats, corporate suites and a royal suite|
|Built||1 January 1996|
|Opened||17 August 1998|
|Architect||Cesar Pelli & Associates (design);|
Kirkegaard Associates (acoustics)
The Petronas Philharmonic Hall (Malay: Dewan Filharmonik Petronas) is Malaysia's first concert hall built specifically for classical music. It is the home of the Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra (MPO), and has hosted many of the world's leading orchestras such as New York Philharmonic, Philadelphia Orchestra, BBC Symphony and Vienna Symphony.
The concert hall was designed by Cesar Pelli based on the inspiration from the traditional shoebox shape of the 19th century European classical music halls. It has the capacity to accommodate for 920 seats which includes box seats, corporate suites and a royal suite. The stage floor is designed for flexibility, has an approximate area of 297m2, and can be extended to 369m2. The orchestra pit was designed to accommodate up to 45 musicians but can accommodate more with the existing stage extension.
Official construction of the hall began on 1 January 1995 as part of the base floor of Petronas Twin Towers. The construction completed a year later on the same date in 1996 while further renovations were done until 1997.
The concert hall was officially opened to public on 17 August 1998 by the patron of Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra, Tun Dr. Siti Hasmah Mohamad Ali and her husband, who is also the Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad.
The hall is constructed with concealed movable ceiling panels which can be adjusted to alter the volume in the hall and simulate a wide range of acoustic environments. There are seven movable panels in the upper ceiling. In addition, special acoustically absorptive panels in the sidewalls can be opened or closed to adjust the resonance of the hall. This incorporate unique elements into the hall design in order to maximize the natural acoustic quality of the wood interior. The acoustical technique was designed by Kirkegaard Associates.
Klais pipe organ
It was designed and built by Johannes Klais Orgelbau GmbH based in Bonn. An organ façade was inspired based on angklung, a traditional Malay music instrument. The pipe organ adds further dimension to the musical sounds presented in the concert hall with 2,977 pipes ranging from 32 feet tall to the shortest at just over an inch. The inaugural performance of the pipe organ was held on 17 August 1998 by Simon Preston during the official opening of the hall.
|Description||Size (in millimetre)|
|Tallest wooden pipe||4,800 mm|
|Diameter of tallest wooden pipe||377 mm x 303 mm|
|Diameter of tallest metal pipe||271 mm|
|Diameter of shortest pipe||5 mm|
|Tallest metal pipe||6,180 mm with pipe-foot|
|Shortest metal pipe||6 mm without pipe-foot|
Sound and recording systems
Petronas Philharmonic Hall is equipped with audio support and broadcast facilities, designed by Abbey Road Studios for recording, editing, broadcasting and monitoring performances in the concert hall. It aims to produce commercial quality recordings for selected performances.
- Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra
- Malaysian Philharmonic Youth Orchestra
- List of concert hall in Malaysia
- “Petronas Philharmonic Hall". Kuala Lumpur attraction site. Retrieved 31 July 2018
- ""Hall Intro"". DFP site. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
- “Stage and orchestra pit". DFP site. Retrieved 2 August 2018
- “Acoustical requirement". ANZAScA 38th International Conference of Architectural Science Association. Retrieved 31 July 2018
- “Klais pipe organ". DFP site. Retrieved 31 July 2018
- “Recording studio". DFP site. Retrieved 31 July 2018
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