Peugeot 106

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Peugeot 106
1997 Peugeot 106 1.1 3-door hatchback (2015-11-13) 01.jpg
Manufacturer Peugeot
Production 1991–2003 (2,798,200 units)
Assembly Mulhouse, France
Aulnay-sous-Bois, France
La Marsa, Tunisia (STAFIM)
Body and chassis
Class Supermini (B)
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Related Citroën Saxo
Engine 1.0 L I4 (petrol)
1.1 L I4 (petrol)
1.3 L I4 (petrol)
1.4 L I4 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.5 L I4 (diesel)
11 kW/15 hp (electric)
Wheelbase 2,385 mm (93.9 in) (1991–96)
2,387 mm (94.0 in) (1996–2003)
Length 3,564 mm (140.3 in) (1991–96)
3,678 mm (144.8 in) (1996–2003)
Width 1,590 mm (62.6 in) (1991–96)
1,594 mm (62.8 in) (1996–2003)
1,610 mm (63.4 in) (GTi)
Height 1,369 mm (53.9 in) (1991–96)
1,380 mm (54.3 in) (1996–2003)
1,357 mm (53.4 in) (GTi)
Curb weight 790–950 kg (1,741.7–2,094.4 lb)
Predecessor Peugeot 205
Peugeot 104
Successor Peugeot 107
Peugeot 206
Peugeot 106 3-door

The Peugeot 106 is a supermini produced by French automaker Peugeot between 1991 and 2003.

Launched in September 1991, it was Peugeot's entry-level offering throughout its production life, and was initially sold only as a three-door hatchback, with a five-door hatchback joining the range early in 1992. For the first year of production, the 1.0 and 1.1 petrol engines came with a carburettor, but were replaced by fuel-injected engines from late 1992 as a result of EEC omissions regulations.

In January 1996, the Peugeot 106 also formed the basis for the near identical looks and size Citroën Saxo, and at this time the 106 received a facelift. This was as well as the addition of an 1.6 GTI model, as the new "top of the range" version. In January 2005, it was replaced by the Peugeot 107, which in turn was superseded by the Peugeot 108.

Rallye version[edit]

106 Rallye Phase 1

Marketed as having "fewer frills, more thrills", the Rallye version did not have alloy wheels, central locking or electrically-operated windows to keep the weight down to 825 kilograms, powered by a 1.3-litre petrol engine developing 100 bhp at 7,200rpm. It had a five-speed manual gearbox.

The vehicle could be competitive in racing, but also made a practical family car.[1] The Rallye also got a facelift in 1996, sporting a larger 1.6-litre petrol engine developing 103 hp at 6,200rpm.

Electric version[edit]

An electric Peugeot 106

In 1995, Peugeot launched an electric powered version of the 106, called the 106 Electrique. This was offered in a number of European countries including France, Belgium, The Netherlands, Norway and the United Kingdom.

The electric powertrain was developed and built by French engineering company Heuliez. The car used Nickel-cadmium battery technology manufactured by Saft Groupe S.A., had a top speed of 56 mph (90 km/h) and had an official range of 100 km (62 mi).

Despite the high price of the vehicle, Peugeot anticipated demand for around 15,000–20,000 Peugeot 106 Electriques each year, with an expected total production run of 100,000 vehicles. In the end, only 6,400 Peugeot 106 électriques were sold between 1995 and 2003, most purchased by the French Administration.


It had all independent suspension with MacPherson struts at the front, and compact transverse torsion bars at the rear. Low-end models had areas of visible metal work on the doors and a generally more sparse interior. 1.0L and some early 1.1L cars were fitted with a 4 speed manual gearbox, with all other models having a 5 speed manual with an automatic gearbox as an option.

No Phase I cars had power steering in RHD markets. As with its sister car, the Citroën Saxo, air conditioning was never an option on RHD 106s.

The 1.0 and 1.1 petrol engines featured a carburettor from the car's launch, but were replaced by fuel injection a year later as a result of EC regulations. The only bodystyle available from the launch was the three-door hatchback, with a five-door hatchback added in 1992.

106 Rallye Phase 2

Petrol Engines[edit]

Displacement Type Year Fuel supply Output Models Comments
1.0 TU9K 1991–1992 Solex Carburettor 45 hp at 6,000rpm Open, XN, Kid, Itinéa This engine is fitted in most of the cars sold in Brazil, because of a tax on engines over 1.0 litres.
1.0 TU9ML/Z (CDY) 1993–1998 Mono–Motronic MA3.0 45 hp at 6,000 rpm
1.0 TU9ML/Z (CDZ) 1993–1996 Mono–Motronic MA3.0 50 hp at 6,000 rpm
1.1 TU1K 1991–1992 Solex Carburettor 60 hp Zen, Color Line, Quiksilver, Open, Equinoxe, Pop Art, Mistral, Kid, XN, XR, sketch
1.1 TU1ML/Z (HDZ) 1991–1997 Mono–Jetronic 50 hp at 5,800 rpm
1.1 TU1ML/Z (HDZ) 1993–1996 Magneti Marelli FDG6 60 hp at 6,200 rpm
1.1 TU1M (HDY) 1997–1999 Motronic MA3.1 54 hp at 6,200 rpm
1.1 TU1M (HDZ) 1997–2001 Motronic MA3.1 60 hp at 6,200 rpm
1.1 TU1JP (HFX) 2000–2003 Motronic MP 7.4.4 60 hp at 5,500 rpm
1.3 TU2J2L/Z (MFZ) 1993–1996 Magneti Marelli 8P 98 hp at 7,200 rpm Rallye » phase 1
1.4 TU3K 1991–1992 Solex carburettor 75 hp
1.4 TU3M/Z (KDY) 1991–1993 Mono–Jetronic 73 hp at 5,800 rpm Color Line, Sport, Quiksilver, Enfant terrible, Equinoxe, Symbio, XR, XS, XT
1.4 TU3FJ2 (KFZ) 1991–1996 Motronic MP3.1 95 hp at 6,600 rpm XSi 1.4
1.4 TU3M (KDX) 1993–1996 Mono - Motronic MA3.0 75 hp at 5,800 rpm
1.4 TU3JP (KFX) 1997–2001 Magneti Marelli 1AP 75 hp at 5,500 rpm
1.4 TU3JP/IFI4 (KFX) 1998–2001 Motronic MP7.3 75 hp at 5,500 rpm
1.6 TU5J2 (NFY) 1994–1996 Magneti Marelli 8P 103 hp at 6,200 rpm XSi 1.6
1.6 TU5JP (NFZ) 1997–2001 Motronic MP5.2 88 hp at 5,600 rpm
1.6 TU5J2 (NFW) 1997–2000 Magneti Marelli 8P 103 hp at 6,200 rpm Rallye » Phase 2
1.6 TU5J4 (NFX) 1996–2003 Magneti Marelli 1AP 118 hp at 6,600 rpm GTi, Rallye Phase 2 16V In later years, Peugeot started putting the TU5J4 engine into the Phase 2 rallyes, though these were not available in every country.

Diesel Engines[edit]

Displacement Type Year Fuel supply Output Models Comments
1.4 TUD3Y (K9Y) 1991–1994 51 hp at 5,000 rpm XND, XRD, XTD
1.5 (VJX/VJU) 1999–2003 Bosch VP 20 58 hp at 5,000 rpm In the United Kingdom, VJX engine code has Catalytic Converter, EGR and the fuel pump advance mechanism controlled by an ECU mounted on top of the battery.
1.5 TUD5Y (VJZ) 1995-2003 Lucas Type 070 58 hp at 5,000 rpm XRD, XND, XTD, Kid, Equinoxe, Open, Symbio, Color Line


External links[edit]

Media related to Peugeot 106 at Wikimedia Commons