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|Also called||Citroën Saxo|
|Production||1991–2003 (2,798,200 units)|
La Marsa, Tunisia (STAFIM)
|Body and chassis|
|Class||City car (A)|
1.0 L I4 (petrol)|
1.1 L I4 (petrol)
1.3 L I4 (petrol)
1.4 L I4 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.5 L I4 (diesel)
11 kW/15 hp (electric)
2,385 mm (93.9 in) (1991–96)|
2,387 mm (94.0 in) (1996–2003)
3,564 mm (140.3 in) (1991–96)|
3,678 mm (144.8 in) (1996–2003)
1,590 mm (62.6 in) (1991–96)|
1,594 mm (62.8 in) (1996–2003)
1,610 mm (63.4 in) (GTi)
1,369 mm (53.9 in) (1991–96)|
1,380 mm (54.3 in) (1996–2003)
1,357 mm (53.4 in) (GTi)
|Curb weight||790–950 kg (1,741.7–2,094.4 lb)|
Peugeot 107 (for nomenclature)|
Peugeot iOn (for 106 Électrique)
The Peugeot 106 is a city car produced by French automaker Peugeot between 1991 and 2003. Launched in September 1991, it was Peugeot's entry level offering throughout its production life, and was initially sold only as a three door hatchback, with a five door hatchback joining the range early in 1992.
For the first year of production, the 1.0 and 1.1 petrol engines came with a carburettor, but were replaced by fuel injected engines from the end of 1992, as a result of EEC emissions regulations.
The "10" line of Peugeot superminis had commenced in 1972 with the launch of the 104, one of the first modern European superminis. The 104 was effectivly replaced by the 205 in 1983, but remained in production for some markets until 1988 despite the huge success of the 205.
Around the time of the 104's demise, Peugeot began developing a new entry level model to slot into its range beneath the 205 for the early 1990s.
The Peugeot 106 was introduced as a three door hatchback on 12 September 1991, when sales on the left hand drive continental markets began. It went on sale on the right hand drive market in the United Kingdom the following month. A five door version joined the range in the beginning of 1992.
The initial engine range consisted of 1.0, 1.1 and 1.4 petrol engines, as well as a 1.5 diesel. The early 1.0 and 1.1 models came with a carburettor, but were replaced with fuel injection after a year due to EC emissions requirements.
It was a development of the Peugeot 205/Citroën AX platform, and was designed to slot into the Peugeot range as the new entry level model below the slightly larger 205. Meanwhile, it had met the demand for a larger car by launching the 306 in the beginning of 1993; this car replaced the 309 as well as some versions of the 205, which itself lasted until 1998.
When the larger Peugeot 206 was launched in the autumn of 1998, production of the 106 was scaled back, and it was effectively repositioned as a city car, to compete with the likes of the Ford Ka and Renault Twingo, finally ceasing production after twelve years in July 2003.
It was updated in July 1996, with changes including the introduction of side impact bars and availability of driver and passenger airbags for the first time, with the new 1.6 GTI joining the range as the spiritual successor to the hugely popular and highly regarded 205 GTI, which had been discontinued in 1994.
In January 1996, the Peugeot 106 also formed the basis for the near identical looks and size Citroën Saxo.
High performance variants
Marketed as having "fewer frills, more thrills", the Rallye version did not have alloy wheels, central locking or electrically operated windows to keep the weight down to 825 kilograms.
There were pre and post facelift versions of the 106 Rallye known to enthusiasts as S1 and S2 models, with the latter having a 103bhp 1.6 litre fuel injected engine instead of the high revving Rallye specific 1.3 100bhp carburetted engine fitted to pre facelift cars
It had a five speed manual gearbox. The vehicle could be competitive in racing, but also made a practical family car. All cars had steel wheels, and Rallye decals and seat coverings featuring a three colour flash, which again varied between early and late cars.
With facelift came new top model named Peugeot 106 GTI with 1.6 liter 16 valves engine that produce 120hp. It came with new exterior body kit and new wheels. On some European markets was badged S16 or Rallye.
In 1995, Peugeot launched an electric powered version of the 106, called the 106 Electrique. This was offered in a number of European countries including France, Belgium, The Netherlands, Norway and the United Kingdom.
The electric powertrain was developed and built by French engineering company Heuliez. The car used Nickel-cadmium battery technology manufactured by Saft Groupe S.A., had a top speed of 56 mph (90 km/h) and had an official range of 100 km (62 mi).
Despite the high price of the vehicle, Peugeot anticipated demand for around 15,000 to 20,000 Peugeot 106 Électriques each year, with an expected total production run of 100,000 vehicles. In the end, only 6,400 Peugeot 106 Électriques were sold between 1995 and 2003, most purchased by the French Administration.
|1.0||TU9K||1991–1992||Solex Carburettor||45 hp at 6,000rpm||Open, XN, Kid, Itinéa|
|1.0||TU9ML/Z (CDY)||1993–1998||Mono–Motronic MA3.0||45 hp at 6,000 rpm|
|1.0||TU9ML/Z (CDZ)||1993–1996||Mono–Motronic MA3.0||50 hp at 6,000 rpm||This engine is fitted in most of the cars sold in Brazil, because of a tax on engines over 1.0 litres, being retained until the end of the imports of the model in the end of 2001.|
|1.1||TU1K||1991–1992||Solex Carburettor||60 hp||Zen, Color Line, Quiksilver, Open, Equinoxe, Pop Art, Mistral, Kid, XN, XR, sketch|
|1.1||TU1ML/Z (HDZ)||1991–1997||Mono–Jetronic||50 hp at 5,800 rpm|
|1.1||TU1ML/Z (HDZ)||1993–1996||Magneti Marelli FDG6||60 hp at 6,200 rpm|
|1.1||TU1M (HDY)||1997–1999||Motronic MA3.1||54 hp at 6,200 rpm|
|1.1||TU1M (HDZ)||1997–2001||Motronic MA3.1||60 hp at 6,200 rpm|
|1.1||TU1JP (HFX)||2000–2003||Motronic MP 7.4.4||60 hp at 5,500 rpm|
|1.3||TU2J2L/Z (MFZ)||1993–1996||Magneti Marelli 8P||98 hp at 7,200 rpm||Rallye » phase 1|
|1.4||TU3K||1991–1992||Solex carburettor||75 hp|
|1.4||TU3M/Z (KDY)||1991–1993||Mono–Jetronic||73 hp at 5,800 rpm||Color Line, Sport, Quiksilver, Enfant terrible, Equinoxe, Symbio, XR, XS, XT|
|1.4||TU3FJ2 (KFZ)||1991–1996||Motronic MP3.1||95 hp at 6,600 rpm||XSi 1.4|
|1.4||TU3M (KDX)||1993–1996||Mono - Motronic MA3.0||75 hp at 5,800 rpm|
|1.4||TU3JP (KFX)||1997–2001||Magneti Marelli 1AP||75 hp at 5,500 rpm|
|1.4||TU3JP/IFI4 (KFX)||1998–2001||Motronic MP7.3||75 hp at 5,500 rpm|
|1.6||TU5J2 (NFY)||1994–1996||Magneti Marelli 8P||103 hp at 6,200 rpm||XSi 1.6|
|1.6||TU5JP (NFZ)||1997–2001||Motronic MP5.2||88 hp at 5,600 rpm|
|1.6||TU5J2 (NFW)||1997–2000||Magneti Marelli 8P||103 hp at 6,200 rpm||Rallye » Phase 2|
|1.6||TU5J4 (NFX)||1996–2003||Magneti Marelli 1AP||118 hp at 6,600 rpm||GTi, Rallye Phase 2 16V||In later years, Peugeot started putting the TU5J4 engine into the Phase 2 rallyes, though these were not available in every country.|
|1.4||TUD3Y (K9Y)||1991–1994||51 hp at 5,000 rpm||XND, XRD, XTD|
|1.5||(VJX/VJU)||1999–2003||Bosch VP 20||58 hp at 5,000 rpm||In the United Kingdom, VJX engine code has Catalytic Converter, EGR and the fuel pump advance mechanism controlled by an ECU mounted on top of the battery.|
|1.5||TUD5Y (VJZ)||1995–2003||Lucas Type 070||58 hp at 5,000 rpm||XRD, XND, XTD, Kid, Equinoxe, Open, Symbio, Color Line|
As with most Peugeot models at the time, there were many special editions of the 106 offered between 1991 and 2003.
- "Peugeot offers new small car in Europe". Toledo Blade. Retrieved 2011-11-28.
- "Motoring / Road Test: Opening up a small package: Phil Llewellin enjoys the down-to-earth pleasures of the swift new Peugeot 106 Rallye, a delightful car that doesn't deserve its stripes". Retrieved 2015-06-28.
Media related to Peugeot 106 at Wikimedia Commons
|Small family car||304||301|
|305 Hatch||306||308 (T7)||308 (T9)|
|Large family car||504||405||406||407||508|
|Coupé||406 Coupé||407 Coupé|
|Convertible||205 Cabriolet||206 CC||207 CC|
|306 Cabriolet||307 CC||308 CC|