|Assembly||Argentina by (Sevel) (1992–2000)
Chile, by Franco Chilena
Egypt, by Iran Khodro (2006–present)
Indonesia, by Gaya (1989–1997)
Iran, by Iran Khodro (1991–present)
Malaysia, by OASB 
Poland, by FSC (1993–1995)
Taiwan, by Yu-Tien (1989–1995)
United Kingdom (1987–1997)
Zimbabwe, by Quest (1987–2002)
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Large family car (D)|
|Body style||4-door saloon
|Layout||Front engine, Front-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive|
IKCO Samand, Peugeot Pars, IKCO Dena, Peugeot RD
|Engine||Inline-4, 1.4-2.0 L, petrol/diesel|
|Wheelbase||2,669 mm (105.1 in)|
|Length||4,408 mm (173.5 in) (sedan)|
|Width||1,716 mm (67.6 in) (sedan)|
|Height||1,390 mm (55 in)-1,450 mm (57 in)|
|Curb weight||1,020 kg (2,250 lb)-1,430 kg (3,150 lb)|
The Peugeot 405 is a large family car released by the French automaker Peugeot in July 1987, and which continues to be manufactured under licence outside France. It was voted European Car of the Year for 1988 by the largest number of votes in the history of the contest. About 2.5 million vehicles have been sold worldwide, both in LHD & RHD, as a sedan and station wagon.
The European version was built in France and at the former Rootes factory at Ryton, near Coventry. It was launched in right-hand drive form as a four-door saloon for the British market in January 1988, with the estate model debuting there in October that year. The saloon model was replaced in late 1995 by the 406 (which was launched in Britain in February 1996), although the estate model was not replaced until 1997. As of 2016 about 2500 are still on the road in the UK, down from around 250,000 in 1994.
The 405 has been manufactured in a number of world-wide locations. Designed in France, it has been manufactured in:
- Europe: from 1987 to 1997 at Sochaux (France) and Ryton (United Kingdom).
- Zimbabwe: until 2002, by Quest.
- Egypt: Wagih Abaza produced the 405.
- Iran: produced by Iran Khodro since mid-1990.
- Chile: Produced by Franco-Chilena in Los Andes, including STI Phase II model.
- Argentina: Several saloon models, including diesels were built in the Villa Bosch Peugeot facility from 1992 to 1999. In this country the 405 has been an extremely popular car, with total sales of over 500,000 units.
- Poland: Around 4000 were assembled in FSC Lublin between 1993 and 1995.
- Taiwan: Produced by Yu-Tien Motors from 1989-1995 (Production ceased after bankruptcy).
The 405 has been available in LHD, and RHD versions, as a saloon and estate, in front-wheel, and four-wheel drive. The 8-valve version of the engine was available in two levels of tune; 110 hp (82 kW) or 125 hp (93 kW). A 16-valve version was available with the Mi16 model and this produced 160 hp (120 kW) at 6500 rpm and could reach a top speed of 220 km/h.
Three versions of the 405 saloon were sold in North America from the end of 1988; the 1.9 (110 hp (82 kW)) DL and S, and the Mi16 (150 hp (110 kW)). The DL and S were available in estate form called Sportswagen.
The motorsport version of the 405, the rallying 405 Turbo 16 GR, was very different from the road-going 405. It was built in a coupe body style in mid-engine configuration, had constant four wheel drive with electronically adjustable center differential like the 205 T16, as it was based on the same technology. At least four were produced, competing in hill climbs and the Paris-Dakar rally. Today, three are in the official Peugeot museum, and the other is in a private collection.
- 1988: Finnish driver Ari Vatanen set a new record in the Pikes Peak International Hillclimb (an award winning film of the drive titled Climb Dance was made by Jean Louis Mourey). Kankkunen and Piironen win the Paris-Dakar Rally in the 405 T16 GR.
- 1989: Victory in the Paris-Dakar rally by the Vatanen-Ickx team in a 405 T16 GR.
- 1990: Victory in the Paris-Dakar rally by the Vatanen-Berglund team in a 405 T16 GR.
Racing 405s much closer in specification to the road-going models were campaigned for several years in European touring car racing during the early to mid 1990s, most notably in the British Touring Car Championship and the French Supertourisme Championship. In Britain, the 405 did not achieve much success, but the car won the French series in both 1994 & 1995, in the hands of Laurent Aïello.
Sales and production
|Year||Worldwide Production||Worldwide sales||Notes|
|2011||282,399||270,551||Total production reaches 4,518,350 units.|
|2012||108,400||110,600||Total production reaches 4,626,700 units.|
- Leeps (1989-06-04). "Rust Busters". New Straits Times / Google News Archive. Retrieved 2015-05-03.
- "Rewind to 1988: Peugeot 405.". Quicks. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
- "100 popular cars vanishing from our roads". www.msn.com. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
- Cammisa, Jason (October 2011). "Collectible Classic: 1989-1991 Peugeot 405Mi16". Automobile. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
- l'auto-journal Salon 91-92, number 14/15, p. 56
- "Peugeot 405 Mi 16: A Slick and Powerful Sleeper". Record-Journal. 3 November 1990. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
- "Wagon Lode". Popular Mechanics. June 1989. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
- "Engine specs from PSA Peugeot Citroën" (PDF). Creator and designer. PSA Peugeot Citroën. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
- "PSA Annual Report 2012" (PDF). Car manufacturers. PSA. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- "Memento Mars 2013" (in French). PSA Peugeot Citroën. 21 February 2013: 50. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Peugeot 405.|
- Climb Dance short film at Google Video
- Climb Dance short film in higher quality, 61MB MPEG file
- A British TV ad featuring the song Take My Breath Away
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|Small family car||305||301|
|Large family car||504||405||406||407||508|
|Coupé||406 Coupé||407 Coupé|
|Convertible||205 Cabriolet||206 CC||207 CC|
|306 Cabriolet||307 CC||308 CC|