Peugeot 405

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Peugeot 405
Peugeot 405 front.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Peugeot
Production 1987–1996 (Europe)
1987–present (Iran/Egypt)
Assembly Argentina by (Sevel) (1992–2000)
Chile, by Franco Chilena
Egypt, by Iran Khodro (2006–present)
AAV (1992–20??)
France (1987-97)
Indonesia, by Gaya (1989–1997)
Iran, by Iran Khodro (1991–present)
Malaysia, by OASB [1]
Poland, by FSC (1993–1995)
Taiwan, by Yu-Tien (1989–1995)
United Kingdom (1987–1997)
Zimbabwe, by Quest (1987–2002)
Designer Pininfarina
Body and chassis
Class Large family car (D)
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door estate
Layout Front engine, Front-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive
Related Citroën BX
IKCO Samand, Peugeot Pars, IKCO Dena, Peugeot RD
Powertrain
Engine Inline-4, 1.4-2.0 L, petrol/diesel
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,669 mm (105.1 in)
Length 4,408 mm (173.5 in) (sedan)
Width 1,716 mm (67.6 in) (sedan)
Height 1,390 mm (55 in)-1,450 mm (57 in)
Curb weight 1,020 kg (2,250 lb)-1,430 kg (3,150 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Peugeot 305
Successor Peugeot 406

The Peugeot 405 is a large family car released by the French automaker Peugeot in July 1987, and which continues to be manufactured under licence outside France. It was voted European Car of the Year for 1988 by the largest number of votes in the history of the contest.[2] About 2.5 million vehicles have been sold worldwide, both in LHD & RHD, as a sedan and station wagon.

The European version was built in France and at the former Rootes factory at Ryton, near Coventry. It was launched in right-hand drive form as a four-door saloon for the British market in January 1988, with the estate model debuting there in October that year. The saloon model was replaced in late 1995 by the 406 (which was launched in Britain in February 1996), although the estate model was not replaced until 1997. As of 2016 about 2500 are still on the road in the UK, down from around 250,000 in 1994.[3]

Its appearance is similar to the Alfa Romeo 164, launched the same year and also styled by Pininfarina. It used TU/XU petrol and XUD diesel engines.

The 405 was the last Peugeot vehicle sold in the United States, on sale between 1988 and 1991, including the Mi16.[4]

Manufacturing[edit]

The 405 has been manufactured in a number of world-wide locations. Designed in France, it has been manufactured in:

  • Europe: from 1987 to 1997 at Sochaux (France) and Ryton (United Kingdom).
  • Zimbabwe: until 2002, by Quest.
  • Egypt: Wagih Abaza produced the 405.
  • Iran: produced by Iran Khodro since mid-1990.
  • Chile: Produced by Franco-Chilena in Los Andes, including STI Phase II model.
  • Argentina: Several saloon models, including diesels were built in the Villa Bosch Peugeot facility from 1992 to 1999. In this country the 405 has been an extremely popular car, with total sales of over 500,000 units.
  • Poland: Around 4000 were assembled in FSC Lublin between 1993 and 1995.
  • Taiwan: Produced by Yu-Tien Motors from 1989-1995 (Production ceased after bankruptcy).

Models[edit]

The 405 has been available in LHD, and RHD versions, as a saloon and estate, in front-wheel, and four-wheel drive. The 8-valve version of the engine was available in two levels of tune; 110 hp (82 kW) or 125 hp (93 kW). A 16-valve version was available with the Mi16 model and this produced 160 hp (120 kW) at 6500 rpm and could reach a top speed of 220 km/h.[5]

Peugeot 405 Mi 16, USA version
Peugeot 405 Mi 16, USA version

Three versions of the 405 saloon were sold in North America from the end of 1988; the 1.9 (110 hp (82 kW)) DL and S, and the Mi16 (150 hp (110 kW)).[6] The DL and S were available in estate form called Sportswagen.[7]

Motorsport[edit]

Peugeot 405 Turbo-16 winner of the Dakar Rally 1989 and 1990
The Pikes Peak version of the 405 Turbo 16 GR.

The motorsport version of the 405, the rallying 405 Turbo 16 GR, was very different from the road-going 405. It was built in a coupe body style in mid-engine configuration, had constant four wheel drive with electronically adjustable center differential like the 205 T16, as it was based on the same technology. At least four were produced, competing in hill climbs and the Paris-Dakar rally. Today, three are in the official Peugeot museum, and the other is in a private collection.

Racing 405s much closer in specification to the road-going models were campaigned for several years in European touring car racing during the early to mid 1990s, most notably in the British Touring Car Championship and the French Supertourisme Championship. In Britain, the 405 did not achieve much success, but the car won the French series in both 1994 & 1995, in the hands of Laurent Aïello.

Gallery[edit]

Sales and production[edit]

Year Worldwide Production Worldwide sales Notes
2009 220,300[8] 234,700[8]
2010 302,200[8] 299,400[8]
2011 282,399[9] 270,551[9] Total production reaches 4,518,350 units.[9]
2012 108,400[10] 110,600[10] Total production reaches 4,626,700 units.[10]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Leeps (1989-06-04). "Rust Busters". New Straits Times / Google News Archive. Retrieved 2015-05-03. 
  2. ^ "Rewind to 1988: Peugeot 405.". Quicks. Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "100 popular cars vanishing from our roads". www.msn.com. Retrieved 2016-06-13. 
  4. ^ Cammisa, Jason (October 2011). "Collectible Classic: 1989-1991 Peugeot 405Mi16". Automobile. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  5. ^ l'auto-journal Salon 91-92, number 14/15, p. 56
  6. ^ "Peugeot 405 Mi 16: A Slick and Powerful Sleeper". Record-Journal. 3 November 1990. Retrieved 29 August 2012. 
  7. ^ "Wagon Lode". Popular Mechanics. June 1989. Retrieved 29 August 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Engine specs from PSA Peugeot Citroën" (PDF). Creator and designer. PSA Peugeot Citroën. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  9. ^ a b c "PSA Annual Report 2012" (PDF). Car manufacturers. PSA. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c "Memento Mars 2013" (in French). PSA Peugeot Citroën. 21 February 2013: 50. Retrieved 31 July 2013. 

www.scai.industry.gov.iq/index.php

External links[edit]