Peugeot 406

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Peugeot 406
Peugeot 406 front 20080730.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Peugeot
Also called Peugeot Coupé
Production 1995–2004 (France, United Kingdom)
1996–2008 (Egypt)
1997–2003 (Italy, coupé)
Assembly Sochaux, France (Sochaux Plant)
Ryton, United Kingdom (Ryton Plant)
Val di Sangro, Italy
Cairo, Egypt (AAV) Iran٫ Tehran (IKCO)
Designer Laurent Rossi (sedan) (1991)
Davide Arcangeli and Lorenzo Ramaciotti at Pininfarina (coupé)[1]
Body and chassis
Class Large family car (D)
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door estate
2-door coupé
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Related Citroën Xantia
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.8 L I4 (petrol)
2.0 L I4 (petrol)
2.0 L I4 turbo (petrol)
2.2 L I4 (petrol)
2.9 L V6 (petrol)
1.9 L I4 (diesel)
2.0 L I4 (diesel)
2.1 L I4 (diesel)
2.2 L I4 (diesel)
Transmission 4-speed automatic (all models)
5-speed manual (2.9 V6 models only)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,700 mm (106.3 in)
Length 4,555 mm (179.3 in) (sedan)
4,736 mm (186.5 in) (wagon)
4,615 mm (181.7 in) (coupé)
Width 1,764 mm (69.4 in) (sedan)
1,760 mm (69.3 in) (wagon)
1,780 mm (70.1 in) (coupé)
Height 1,396 mm (55.0 in)
Chronology
Predecessor Peugeot 405
Successor Peugeot 407

The Peugeot 406 is a large family car that was produced by French automaker Peugeot between 1995 and 2004. Available in saloon, estate and coupé bodystyles with a choice of petrol or turbodiesel engines, the 406 replaced the Peugeot 405 in Peugeot's lineup, and was itself replaced by the Peugeot 407. It used the same platform as the Citroën Xantia, though without that car's sophisticated hydropneumatic suspension system.

The project[edit]

The styling of the 406 is heavily influenced by its predecessor, the 405, which began to be phased out from the 406's launch in September 1995, and eventually finished production in Europe in 1997, when the last estate models were discontinued. United Kingdom sales of the 406 began in February 1996.[1]

Initially, the car was available with 1.8 L and 2.0 L petrol and 1.9 L turbodiesel engines, followed by a turbocharged 2.0 petrol, 2.9 (2946cc - badged as a 3.0) V6 petrol, and 110 bhp 2.1 L turbodiesel. The diesel versions were very popular, and the 406 became one of Europe's best selling diesel powered cars.[citation needed]

The two door coupé, launched at the 1996 Paris Motor Show, was both designed and manufactured by Italian design studio Pininfarina, with choices of a 2.0 L four cylinder engine or a 3.0 L V6, and from 2001, a 2.2 L HDi diesel engine. On later models, a 2.2 L petrol engine was available. A total of 107,633 coupés were made. The design was originally offered to Fiat by Pininfarina in about 1990, only for Fiat to reject the design and design its own coupe.[2]

For its final year on sale in the United Kingdom, the model was simply called the Peugeot Coupé, with the 406 branding dropped from the name. The 406 was notably successful in the United Kingdom, having broken into the country's key fleet sales market,[3] with a high percentage of units becoming company cars and taxis.[citation needed]

In August 2002, a Peugeot 406 HDi set the world record for the longest distance driven on a single tank of fuel. The car travelled across Australia between Melbourne to Rockhampton, with a total distance of 2,348 km. [2] [3] Knock-down kit versions of the car were also built at the Yontrakit Industrial Factory in Lad Krabang, Bangkok, Thailand.

Engines[edit]

Model Engine-
type
Cylinders /
valves
Displacement Power / rpm Torque / rpm Years
Petrol
1.6 XU5 JP (BFZ) 4 / 8 1580 cc 88 PS (65 kW; 87 hp) / 6000 130 N·m (96 lb·ft) / 2600 1996–1997
1.8 XU7 JB 4 / 8 1761 cc 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) / 5000 147 N·m (108 lb·ft) / 2600 1997–1999
1.8 XU7 JP4 4 / 16 1761 cc 112 PS (82 kW; 110 hp) / 5500 155 N·m (114 lb·ft) / 4250 1996–2000
1.8 EW7 J4 4 / 16 1749 cc 117 PS (86 kW; 115 hp) / 5500 160 N·m (120 lb·ft) / 4000 1999–2004
2.0 XU10 J4R (RFV) 4 / 16 1998 cc 132 PS (97 kW; 130 hp) / 5500 180 N·m (130 lb·ft) / 4200 1996–2000
2.0 EW10 J4 (RFN) 4 / 16 1997 cc 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) / 6000 190 N·m (140 lb·ft) / 4100 1999–2003
2.0 EW10 J4 (RFR) 4 / 16 1997 cc 139 PS (102 kW; 137 hp) / 6000 197 N·m (145 lb·ft) / 4100 1999–2000
2.0 HPI EW10 D (RLZ) 4 / 16 1997 cc 140 PS (100 kW; 140 hp) / 6000 192 N·m (142 lb·ft) / 4000 2001–2004
2.0 Turbo XU10 J2TE 4 / 8 1998 cc 147 PS (108 kW; 145 hp) / 5300 235 N·m (173 lb·ft) / 2500 1997–1999
2.2 EW12 J4 (3FZ) 4 / 16 2231 cc 158 PS (116 kW; 156 hp) / 5650 217 N·m (160 lb·ft) / 3900 1999–2003
2.9 V6 ES9 J4 (XFZ) 6 / 24 2946 cc 193 PS (142 kW; 190 hp) / 5500 267 N·m (197 lb·ft) / 4000 1997–2000
2.9 V6 ES9 J4S (XFX) 6 / 24 2946 cc 207 PS (152 kW; 204 hp) / 6000 285 N·m (210 lb·ft) / 3750 1999–2003
Diesel
1.9 TD XUD9 TE/Y 4 / 8 1905 cc 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) / 4000 196 N·m (145 lb·ft) / 2250 1995–1999
2.0 HDi DW10 TD (RHY) 4 / 8 1997 cc 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) / 4000 205 N·m (151 lb·ft) / 1900 1999–2003
2.0 HDi DW10 ATED (RHZ) 4 / 8 1997 cc 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) / 4000 250 N·m (180 lb·ft) / 1750 1999–2004
2.1 TD XUD11 BTE 4 / 12 2088 cc 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) / 4300 250 N·m (180 lb·ft) / 2000 1995–1999
2.2 HDi DW12 TED4 (4HX) 4 / 16 2179 cc 133 PS (98 kW; 131 hp) / 4000 314 N·m (232 lb·ft) / 2000 2001–2003

Facelift[edit]

Euro NCAP test results
Peugeot 406 (1997)[4]
Test Score Rating
Adult occupant: 15 2 /5 stars
Pedestrian: N/A 2 /4 stars
Post facelift Peugeot 406 ST (Chile)
Post facelift Peugeot 406 sedan (Australia)
Euro NCAP test results
Peugeot 406 (2001)[5]
Test Score Rating
Adult occupant: 18 3 /5 stars
Pedestrian: 14 2 /4 stars

The facelifted 406 sedan was introduced in February 1999, and safety, strength and speed enhancements resulted in improved Euro NCAP performance. Where the old 406 had one star and a struck off star, the post facelift models gained 3 stars.[6] The changes included the new and improved EW/DW Engine Family HDI with greater power, torque and fuel efficiency along with increased refinement, making it comparatively quiet for a diesel.

A downside was an increase in the car's insurance group from 9 to 12.[7] The exterior look was amended as the 406 featured more pronounced ribs, clear headlights, chrome trim and a new honeycomb grill. The rear lights were finished in red with a strip of the car's paint colour across the centre.

The interior was also redesigned to improve comfort and space. New equipment included automated digital climate control/air conditioning on most models except the most basic and a multi function display for warning messages, trip computer, radio and external temperature. There was a more extensive use of wooden trim, better quality plastics, including soft touch plastics, and in addition some models received electrically folding mirrors, with automatic headlights and wipers.

The top of the range Executive model was specified a ten speaker JBL sound system, electrically adjusted and heated leather seats, a memory position for the seats and mirrors, headlight washer jets, a rear sun blind, thicker carpeting, lights in the sun visors, satellite navigation and ambient lighting.

Awards[edit]

The 406 was awarded 1997 What Car? Car of the Year, as well as 1997 and 2001 Caravan Club Towcar of the Year. It was also awarded Semperit Irish Car of the Year for 1997, however, it lost out by a narrow margin of 15 points in the 1996 European Car of the Year award to the Fiat Bravo/Brava.

Motorsport[edit]

Laurent Aiello won the 1997 ADAC Deutsche Super Touren Wagen-Cup driving a Peugeot 406 for Peugeot Esso. The 406 was also used in the British Touring Car Championship between 1996 and 1998.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Designer". ajovalo.net. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  2. ^ "PRODUZIONE COMPLESSIVA" (PDF). pininfarina.it. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-05. Retrieved 2007-08-03. 
  3. ^ "Peugeot 406 | Used Car Tests | Car Reviews". Auto Express. 2003-06-17. Retrieved 2009-12-12. 
  4. ^ "Reference 1997". Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  5. ^ "Reference 2001". Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  6. ^ "Euro NCAP". euroncap.com. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  7. ^ "Autotrader". autotrader.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-01-13. 

External links[edit]