|Also called||Peugeot Type 69
Peugeot Type BP1
1913 - 1916
|Assembly||Audincourt (1905 - 1912)
Beaulieu (1913 - 1916)
|Designer||Ettore Bugatti (Type BP1)|
|Body and chassis|
|Engine||652 cc single-cylinder
855 cc I4
|Predecessor||Peugeot Type 57|
The Peugeot Bébé or Baby was a small car nameplate from Peugeot made from 1905 to 1916. Vehicles under this name were known technically within Peugeot as the Type 69 and the Type BP1.
The original Bébé was presented at the Paris Motor Show in 1904 and stole the show as a modern and robust creation that was cheap, small, and practical. Its weight was 350 kilograms (770 lb) and length was 2.7 metres (110 in), and these tiny dimensions meant that its small engine could propel it to 40 kilometres per hour (25 mph). Though selling price was deliberately kept as low as possible, technologies like rack and pinion steering and a driveshaft instead of a chain were included in the vehicle. Production began in Audincourt in 1905, and the car proved to be popular. Bébé sold 400 units in the first year, or 80% of Peugeot's production. It was also exported, particularly to Britain. The Type 69 was sold only for the year 1905.
The Type BP1 Bébé was a design by Ettore Bugatti, initially for the German car firm Wanderer, then also built under license by Peugeot for the French market. Peugeot displayed it under their marque at the Paris Motor Show in 1912. Production began in 1913 following discontinuation of the Type 69. Wanderer built their car with Bugatti's own 4-speed transmission, but in order to keep production costs down for the French version, Peugeot fitted a 2-speed gearbox initially, which was then replaced by their own 3-speed. The engine was also Peugeot's own, a tiny straight-4 that produced 10 horsepower (7.5 kW) at 2000 rpm, which gave the small car a top speed of 60 kilometres per hour (37 mph). Weight was again below 350 kilograms (770 lb), though the track was wide enough for two to sit abreast. Bébé scored some racing success among small car classes, notably at Mont Ventoux in 1913, where it won in its class.
This model ran until 1916. Advertising promoted its qualities as an economy product, in one case highlighting the comparison with more conventional transport in the case of a rural doctor, needing to cover approximately 40 kilometers (25 miles) per day, for whom a Bébé would replace a team of two horses, while costing no more than one of them.
- Musée de l'Aventure Peugeot. The exhibit label (2012) states: «Bébé Peugeot : Bugatti, qui avait conçue ce petite voiture, proposa a Peugeot de lui en céder sa licence de fabrication. Les usines de Beaulieu commencent sa fabrication en 1913 et son succès fut tel….»
- Musée de l'Aventure Peugeot. The exhibit label (2012) states: «Bébé Peugeot : .... son succès fut tel qu’elle fut la première Peugeot à attendre les trois mille exemplaires fabriqués. La voiturette « Bébé » de 1913 était commercialise en mettant en avant son économie et an la comparant au cheval. Par exemple la brochure concluait, dans le cas d’un médecin, que pour couvrir ses 40 km quotidiens, elle remplaçait 2 cheveux et n’en coutait qu’un. »
|Peugeot, a marque of PSA Peugeot Citroën, road vehicle timeline, 1889–1944 — next »|
|Supermini||1||2||3 / 4||5 / 6 / 7 / 8||21 / 24 / 30 / 31||37||54||57||69 "Bébé"||B P1/ B3/P1 "Bébé"¹||161/172 "Quadrilette"||5CV||190|
|26 / 27 / 28||48||126||201||202|
|14 / 15 / 25||56||58||68||VA/VC/VY¹||V2C/V2Y¹||VD/VD2¹||159||163||301||302|
|33 / 36||63||99||108||118||125||173 / 177 / 181 / 183|
|9 / 10 / 11 / 12||16 / 17 / 19 / 32||49/50||65/67||77||78||88||127||143||153||153 B/BR||176||401||402|
|23||42/43/44||62||72||82||92||104||112/117/ 122/130/134||139||145/146/148||174 / 184|
|91||101/120||133 / 111/129/131||136||144|
|Minibus||20 / 29||107|
|1 These cars were marketed as "Lion-Peugeots", produced by what was till 1910 a separate Peugeot company, run by cousins of Armand Peugeot, then in charge of the principal automobile business.
In 1910, Armand having no sons of his own, it was agreed that the two branches of the Peugeot business be reunited.