Peugeot Pars

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Peugeot Pars
Kermanshah Auto Show Image 1.jpg
ManufacturerIran Khodro
Also calledPeugeot 406
Peugeot Persia
Peugeot Safir
Peugeot X9(Singapore)
AssemblyCairo, Egypt (AAV) (2008-2015)
Tehran, Iran (1999-present)
Thiès, Senegal (SenIran, (2012-present) Iraq,(Iran Khodro), (2012-present)
Body and chassis
ClassLarge family car
Body style4-door sedan
LayoutFF layout
RelatedPeugeot 405
Peugeot 406
Citroën Xantia
PredecessorPeugeot 405

The Peugeot Pars (Persian: پژو پارس‎), also known as Peugeot Persia, is a passenger car produced by Iranian carmaker Iran Khodro. After 10 years of manufacturing of the Peugeot 405 by the Iran Khodro company, the Peugeot Persia was designed as a facelift of the 405. The Peugeot Persia was soon renamed Peugeot Safir and eventually Peugeot Pars because of local copyright problems. The Peugeot Pars has been made in three variants: Pars, Pars 16V, and Pars ELX. The 16V and ELX models use a more powerful PSA 16-valve engine and a few other improvements.[1]


The PSA-borrowed engine is XU7JP (code LFZ, known as L3 in Iran) 1.8 L SOHC with two valves per cylinder capable of producing a maximum power of 101 PS (74 kW) at 6000 rpm and a maximum torque of 153 Nm (15.6 kgf m / 113 ft·lbf) at 3000 rpm which is controlled by the SAGEM SL96 ECU. The same engine was already in use in various PSA Peugeot Citroën passenger cars.[2]

Peugeot Pars 16V[edit]

Not as equipped as ELX, this model was simply an upgraded version of Pars in aspects of engine and rear brakes. The 16V employed a more powerful 16 valve engine, and rear disc brakes, but ABS was not available even as an option. The 16V model's production lasted less than a year; began on the second quarter of 2003 and ended on the first quarter of 2004 (making them 1382 model year based on Persian calendar), the same time it was replaced with the ELX model. Many Iranian car industry critics believe its production was a case study of the Iranian car market capacity performed by Iran Khodro before beginning the production of ELX to see if people are interested in more powerful and luxurious versions of Pars.

As an improvement over the Pars, the 16V utilizes solid disc brakes on rear wheels, but unlike the ELX which is equipped with an advanced ABS/EBD, the 16V model uses the same vacuum booster, master cylinder, distributor, and hydraulic lines as the standard Pars.[3]

The more powerful LFY engine fitted to the 16V models grabbed the interest of the authorities who are always seeking for high-performance yet inexpensive cars as service vehicles. A large number of 16Vs were produced according to requests registered by Iranian governmental organizations. 16Vs can be seen as parliament service cars and also motorcade escorts.

Peugeot Pars ELX[edit]

Peugeot Pars ELX

Comparing to Pars, the ELX features smart instrument cluster, multi-purpose Persian-reading dashboard telematics, alarm with door auto-lock, park assistant, electric Recaro cloth seats equipped with heater/cooling fan, luxury dashboard trim, passenger illuminated vanity mirror, a more powerful 16 valve engine, 4-disc brakes with ABS/EBD, and finally rally alloy wheels.[4]

The PSA-borrowed engine is XU7JP4 (code LFY, known as L4 in Iran) 1.8 L DOHC with 4 hydraulically adjusted valves per cylinder capable of producing a maximum power of 109.0 bhp (81.3 kW / 110.5 PS) at 5500 rpm and a maximum torque of 155.0 N·m (15.8 kgf·m / 114 ft·lbf) at 4250 rpm which is controlled by Bosch Motronic MP 7.3 ECU. The same engine was already in use in the PSA's Peugeot 406 LX 1.8i 16v, Citroën Xantia SX 1.8i 16v, and Citroën Xsara VTS 1.8i 16v.[2]

The ABS/EBD-featured MK20-E servo-assisted dual-circuit brake system is partially manufactured by Iranian Toklan Toos under license of Continental Teves.[5] It is coupled to ventilated discs on front and solid discs on rear wheels. Front single-piston calipers are also manufactured by Toklan Toos under license of Lucas-TVS and rear single-piston calipers are manufactured by Girling.[6]

The Italian-made rally light-weight one-piece flow-formed cast aluminium wheels are provided by Speedline Corse; the manufacturer claims these Turini (type 2120) wheels are FEA-cast in low pressure, heat-treated, low-weight, and designed in accordance with latest FIA regulations for tarmac rally Super 1600 kit cars.[7] The 11-spoke wheel has a diameter of 15 inches, a section width of 7 inches, a bolt pattern of 4 x 108 mm (4 x 4.25"), an ET of 38 millimeters, and is attached to the ELX's hub applying four 19 mm lugs.[8]

Peugeot Pars LX[edit]

The PSA-borrowed engine is TU5JP4 (code NFU, known as TU5 in Iran) 1.6 L DOHC with 4 valves per cylinder capable of producing a maximum power of 109 PS (80 kW) at 5800 rpm and a maximum torque of 142 Nm (14.47 kgf m / 104.73 ft·lbf) at 4000 rpm which is controlled by Crouse Or Bosch ECU. The same engine was already in use in the PSA's Peugeot 206 1.6 16v TU5, Peugeot 405 SLX 1.6 16v TU5, Runna 1.6 16v TU5, and .[2]


  1. ^ "Peugeot Pars". Iran Khodro. Archived from the original on 2009-04-29. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  2. ^ a b c "Peugeot/Citroën Engine Code Reference List" (in Russian). Peugeot Club. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  3. ^ "ABS". Toklan Toos. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  4. ^ "Peugeot Pars ELX". Iran Khodro. Archived from the original on 2009-05-01. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  5. ^ "ABS MK20 E with EBD". Toklan Toos. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  6. ^ "Brake Calipers". Toklan Toos. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  7. ^ "Aftermarket Type 2120 (Turini)". Speedline Corse. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  8. ^ "Wheel Type 2120 (Turini)". Speedline Corse. Retrieved 2009-05-10.

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