|Role||Two-seat touring aircraft|
|Manufacturer||Louis Peyret in the Zodiac factory|
|First flight||5 September 1931|
|Developed into||Mauboussin M.120 series|
The Mauboussin M.112, M-12 or Mauboussin M.XII was originally called the Peyret-Mauboussin PM XII and was renamed when Mauboussin founded his own company in 1931, ending his partnership with Louis Peyret. It was a French, single-engine, two-seat, low cantilever wing touring monoplane. At least six were built.
Design and development
The low, cantilever wing of the M.112 was built in three parts, a tapered centre-section which was part of the fuselage and trapezoidal outer panels with elliptical tips. Its aspect ratio of 9.5 was high for the time. The outer panels carried mild dihedral and full-span, narrow-chord ailerons. The wings were completely wooden, with twin box spars and alder plywood skin.
It was powered by an uncowled 30 kW (40 hp) Salmson 9Ad nine-cylinder radial engine with its fuel tanks in the wing centre-section. Behind it, beyond a firewall, the wooden fuselage had a rectangular section defined by four longerons, though the upper decking was curved. It was covered in plywood. The M.112 had a pair of tandem seats over the wing, with the pilot at the rear. These seats could be open or enclosed by a removable cover. The fuselage tapered to the rear where the tail surfaces, also ply-covered, were straight-tapered and round tipped. Both horizontal and vertical surfaces had quite high aspect ratios and the vertical tail was tall; the horizontal tail was mounted on top of the fuselage. Both rudder and elevators were aerodynamically unbalanced.
The M.112 had conventional, fixed landing gear. Its mainwheels, fitted with brakes, were on cranked axles and drag struts, both hinged from the lower fuselage longerons. There were short, vertical Messier oleo struts from the outer axles to the forward wing spars in the centre-section, giving it a track of 2.2 m (7 ft 3 in). Its tailskid, which could be replaced with a wheel, castered and had twin small bungee shock absorbers.
Built at the Zenith factory, the M.XII first flew in September 1931. In August 1932, flown by Raymonde Nicolle and registered as a Mauboussin M.112, it competed in the Challenge International de Tourisme 1932 (English: 1932 International touring aircraft Competition), which involved both technical tests and a 7,200 km (4,500 mi) circuit around Europe. It came last, but with its very low-powered engine, was the only aircraft in its class. It also appeared at the 1932 Paris Aero Salon. The French civil aircraft register included six M.112s, used by aero clubs and individuals.
Data from Les Ailes, October 1931 Performance figures calculated
- Crew: One pilot
- Capacity: One passenger
- Length: 6.34 m (20 ft 10 in)
- Wingspan: 11.75 m (38 ft 7 in)
- Height: 2.86 m (9 ft 5 in) to propeller-tip
- Wing area: 14.78 m2 (159.1 sq ft)
- Aspect ratio: 9.5
- Empty weight: 280 kg (617 lb)
- Gross weight: 516 kg (1,138 lb)
- Fuel capacity: 60 l (13 imp gal; 16 US gal)
- Powerplant: 1 × Salmson 9Ad 9-cylinder radial, 30 kW (40 hp)
- Propellers: 2-bladed Levasseur, metal
- Maximum speed: 150 km/h (93 mph; 81 kn)
- Cruising speed: 130 km/h (81 mph; 70 kn)
- Stall speed: 65 km/h (40 mph; 35 kn) minimum flying speed
- Range: 700 km (435 mi; 378 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 5,000 m (16,404 ft)
- "The Mauboussin Corsaire". Air Britain Archive: 2010/150–151. December 2010.
- Frachet, André (15 October 1931). "L'avion léger Mauboussin M.XII". Les Ailes (539): 3.
- Gunston, Bill (1993). World Encyclopaedia of Aircraft Manufacturers: from the pioneers to the present day. Sparkford, Somerset: Patrick Stephens Limited. p. 198. ISBN 9 781852 602055.
- "Zodiac-Mauboussin". L'Ailles (597): 8. 4 November 1932.
- "International Touring Competition". Flight. XXIV (34): 771. 19 August 1932.
- Heinze, Edwin (2 September 1932). "The International Touring Competition". Flight. XXIV (36): 826.
- "Réflexions sur l'intérêst technique du Challenge Internationale de Tourisme". Les Ailes (586): 8. 8 September 1932.
- Bernard, Martin; Sparrow, Dave; Espérou, Bernard. "F-1922 - The French Civil Register from 1922". Air Britain Archive: 2014/124, 2015/024, 2015/073, 2015/127, 2016/134.