From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

vocalising western ground parrot
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Tribe: Pezoporini
Genus: Pezoporus
Illiger, 1811

Pezoporus occidentalis
Pezoporus wallicus
Pezoporus flaviventris

Species distributions:
  • Night parrot: light red = historical; red dots = recent sightings
  • Eastern ground parrot: orange
  • Western ground parrot: yellow = historical; green = current


The genus Pezoporus contains three Australian species: the night parrot (Pezoporus occidentalis) and the cryptic ground parrots, the eastern ground parrot (Pezoporus wallicus) and the western ground parrot (Pezoporus flaviventris). The night parrot was previously separated in a distinct genus, Geopsittacus. The genus is part of the tribe Pezoporini.

Species list[edit]

  • Genus Pezoporus
Common name
(binomial name)
Image Description Range and habitat
Night parrot
(Pezoporus occidentalis)
Pezoporus occidentalis.jpg
About 22–25 cm long. Predominantly a yellowish green, mottled with dark brown, blacks and yellows. Interior of Australia,[2] recent sightings from Diamantina National Park, Pilbara region, Western Australia and Cloncurry, Queensland.[3]
Eastern ground parrot
(Pezoporus wallicus)
Least Concern[4]
Ground Parrot cooloolah.jpg
About 30 cm long. Generally green plumage, with black and yellow marking. Narrow orange-red band to forehead. Underside of flight-feathers with pale yellow wing-stripe. Bill, cere and feet greyish brown. Coastal regions of south-eastern Australia and Tasmania[2]
Western ground parrot
(Pezoporus flaviventris)
Coastal regions of south-western Australia.[2] Only around 110 individuals remain of this species, restricted to Cape Arid and Fitzgerald River National Parks along the southern coast.[5]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2008). "Pezoporus occidentalis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 1 January 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c Forshaw, Joseph M.; Cooper, William T. (1981) [1973, 1978]. Parrots of the World (corrected second ed.). David & Charles, Newton Abbot, London. ISBN 0-7153-7698-5. 
  3. ^ "Pezoporus occidentalis — Night Parrot". Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Retrieved 2009-01-02. 
  4. ^ BirdLife International (2008). "Pezoporus wallicus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 1 January 2009. 
  5. ^ a b Murphy, Stephen A.; Joseph, Leo; Burbidge, Allan H.; Austin, Jeremy (2010). (fulltext) "A cryptic and critically endangered species revealed by mitochondrial DNA analyses: the Western Ground Parrot". Conservation Genetics 12 (2): 595–600. DOI:10.1007/s10592-010-0161-1. Retrieved 18 November 2010.