Phạm Hồng Sơn
|Pham Hong Son|
|Occupation||doctor, business manager|
|Known for||democracy activism, 2002-06 imprisonment|
|Spouse(s)||Vu Thuy Ha|
Phạm Hồng Sơn (born c. 1969) is a Vietnamese dissident. In 2003, he was given a five-year prison sentence for distributing two essays on democracy to friends via the Internet, leading numerous human rights groups to protest on his behalf.
Son graduated from medical school as a physician, but then earned an MBA. He later worked as a business manager for a pharmaceutical company in Hanoi. In 2001, he became an open advocate for democracy, posting pro-democracy articles and essays to Internet forums.
Arrest and imprisonment
In early 2002, he downloaded an essay from the US State Department's website titled "What is Democracy?" He then translated the essay into Vietnamese and forwarded it to friends. He also translated an essay of his own, titled "Encouraging Signs of Democracy" and originally written in French, and forwarded it to both friends and Communist Party officials.
On March 25, police searched Son's house and interrogated him; he was arrested without a warrant two days later. In June 2003, he was sentenced to thirteen years in prison for espionage following a half-day trial. The prosecution accused Son of contact with "political opportunists" and "reactionary forces overseas". According to Human Rights Watch (HRW), his wife was the only witness called, and she was only allowed to answer two yes-or-no questions.
Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemned the imprisonment of Son and fellow online activists Nguyen Khac Toan and Nguyen Vu Binh stating that the men's "only crime was to express themselves freely on the Internet". On 7 April 2006, the US House of Representatives passed a resolution calling for Son's release as a condition of Vietnam joining the World Trade Organization. The European Union also objected on Son's behalf.
Amnesty International designated Son a prisoner of conscience and described Son's espionage conviction as "a travesty of justice". HRW called for his immediate release and awarded him one of its Hellman/Hammett grants, which support persecuted writers in need of financial assistance. More than 4000 Australians signed a petition calling for Son's release.
In 2005, RSF reported that Son was showing symptoms of untreated tuberculosis in prison. The Committee to Protect Journalists also expressed concerns for Son's well-being, stating, "The harsh conditions of Pham Hong Son's imprisonment add to the cruel tally of human costs in Vietnam's continued repression of the media ... Authorities should release him immediately and without condition and give him access to urgently needed medical attention as soon as possible."
In 2003, Pham Hong Son, together with Nguyen Vu Binh, Le Chi Quang and Nguyen Khac Toan, were presented with Vietnam Human Rights Award by Vietnam Human Rights Network.
Son was released from prison on 30 August 2006 as part of a general amnesty and placed under house arrest. The amnesty came three months in advance of Vietnam's hosting an Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in Hanoi, and Son stated to reporters that his release had been timed to improve the nation's image before the meeting. He pledged to continue working for democratic reform.
On 5 April 2011, he was rearrested along with Le Quoc Quan when attempting to observe the trial of democracy activist Cu Huy Ha Vu. The pair were held for "causing public disorder". Son's wife Vu Thu Ha stated that Son had been assaulted by police with batons prior to his arrest. Both were released without charge 13 April.
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- Ellen Nakashima (2 October 2005). "In Vietnam, battle over freedom of speech still underway". The Washington Post. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Vietnam: Supreme Court Should Overturn Cyber-Dissident's Conviction". Human Rights Watch. 27 August 2003. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Vietnam net dissident jailed". BBC News. 18 June 2003. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
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- Minky Worden (23 June 2005). "Vietnam's Road Show". The New York Sun. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Vietnam urged to free cyber-dissidents". The Sydney Morning Herald. Agence France-Presse. 1 September 2005. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "US House presses Vietnam on rights". Taipei Times. Agence France Presse. 9 April 2006. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Vietnam frees dissident from jail". The New York Times. 30 August 2006. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Prominent Vietnamese activist jailed over democracy calls". Amnesty International. 5 April 2011. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- Kay Johnson (31 August 2006). "Vietnam's Stealth Repression". Time. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Vietnam detains 2 prominent dissidents". Yahoo News. Associated Press. 7 April 2011. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Vietnam releases 2 prominent dissidents". Fox News. Associated Press. 14 April 2011. Retrieved 19 July 2012.