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Phaenarete (Greek Φαιναρέτη), wife of Sophroniscus, was the mother of the Greek philosopher Socrates and his half-brother, Patrocles. (Since Sophroniscus had died before 424 BC, he was probably Phaenarete's first husband, while Chaeredemus, father of Patrocles, was her second.) The name Phaenarete means "She who brings virtue to light". And it is, according to A.E. Taylor, "suggestive of good family connexions", based on its appearance in the genealogy of the immortal Amphitheus in Aristophanes' Acharnians.
Very little is known of the life of Phaenarete but that she was of a Pelasgian influence. In Plato's Theaetetus, Socrates compares his own work as a philosopher with hers as a maia (midwife). According to John Burnet, the role of maia was "performed by women of good family, and the translation 'midwife' is quite misleading."
- p. 235, Debra Nails, The People of Plato, Hackett, 2002.
- Plato. Theaetetus. Indianapolis, Indiana: Hackett Publishing Company, Inc., 1992. Print. ISBN 0-87220-158-9
- p. 102, "Plato's Biography of Socrates", Proceedings of the British Academy vol. 8 (1917).
- "Sisterhood is Global: The International Women's Movement Anthology", Robin Morgan. Feminist Press at CUNY, 1984. p. 269
- Theaetetus 149a.
- Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, s.v., "Socrates", 1919.
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