Phagwara

Coordinates: 31°13′N 75°46′E / 31.22°N 75.77°E / 31.22; 75.77
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Phagwara
Phagwara is located in Punjab
Phagwara
Phagwara
Location in Punjab, India
Phagwara is located in India
Phagwara
Phagwara
Phagwara (India)
Coordinates: 31°13′N 75°46′E / 31.22°N 75.77°E / 31.22; 75.77
Country India
StatePunjab
DistrictKapurthala
Founded byShah Jahan
Named forPhagu Da Wara
Government
 • TypeDemocracy
 • BodyGovernment of Punjab, India
Area
 • Total20 km2 (8 sq mi)
Elevation
234 m (768 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total117,954
 • Rank288
 • Density6,117/km2 (15,840/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
144401
144402
Telephone code01824
Vehicle registrationPB-36
Post officePhagwara H.O
Satnampura S.O

Phagwara is a city and municipal corporation in the Kapurthala district of Punjab, India. It is located 40 kilometers from Kapurthala, the district headquarter, 124 kilometres (77 mi) away from Chandigarh, 20 kilometres (12 mi) away from Jalandhar and 361 kilometres (224 mi) from New Delhi. The city is famous for sugar, glucose, starch, fine fabric textiles, and auto parts manufacturing for engines in Punjab. This place is also known for the Shri Hanuman Garhi Temple, which has statues of the Hindu God, Lord Hanuman.

History[edit]

Phagwara started as a market town in the region, founded by a person name Chaudhary Phaggu Basra a Hindu Jatt landlord of the area the town's property originally belonged to him.[1] the town got its name from him fist as (Phaggu Da Wara) then evolved into Phagwara. the town was then made into a trading center by the Mughal emperor Shah jahan but later town failed as trading hub. It again eventually grew into a more rural character. In 1772 it became part of the Ahluwalia Sikh Dynasty of Kapurthala. A decade earlier, the militarist Sikh Guru Hargobind Sahib ji visited the city in 1635 near the end of his time as Sikh guru. One of his great devotees, Phagu, heard that Sahib was fighting the Mughals and coming to his city. He eventually left in shock, betraying his guru. Reacting to the situation, Sahib ji once said ‘Phagu Da Warra, Bahron Mitha Andra Khara’.[2] Thus, Phagwara’s name originally comes from that phrase.[3]

Geography[edit]

Shri Hanuman Garhi Temple
Shiv Mandir Pakka Bagh
Gurdwara Sukhchain Sahib

Phagwara is located on land between the Beas and Satluj rivers and is a typical Doaba city.[4] It has an average elevation of 767 feet (234 m). It is located in the Kapurthala district, in the Punjab province of India.

Demographics[edit]

As per provisional data of 2011 census the Phagwara urban agglomeration had a population of 117,954, with 62,171 males and 55,783 females. The literacy rate was 87.43 per cent.[5] As of 2011 India census,the city of Phagwara had a population of 97,864. Males constitute 54 thousand of the population and females 46 thousand. Phagwara has an average literacy rate of 86%, higher than the regional average of 75%: male literacy is 89% and female literacy is 83%. In Phagwara, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.[6]

Education[edit]

Universities
Colleges

Dav college

  • Guru Nanak College
  • Pyramid college of business and technology
  • Kamla Nehru college for women.
  • Ramgarhia Institute of Engineering & Technology
  • Ramgarhia Polytechnic College, First Polytechnic of United Punjab (Since 1950)
  • Ramgarhia College of Education
  • Ramgarhia College
Schools
  • Sant Sarwan Dass Model School Hadiabad,Phagwara
  • G.D.R convent senior secondary school
  • Government Senior Secondary School (Boys) known as J.J. School
  • Government Senior Secondary School (Girls)
  • Aman Public School
  • Arya model senior secondary school
  • St. Joseph's Convent School
  • Kamla Nehru Public School
  • Swami Sant Dass Public School
  • Mele Singh Missionary School
  • Cambridge International School
  • Saffron Public School
  • Tagore Public High School
  • Jain Model Senior Secondary School
  • Lord Mahavira Jain Public School
  • St. Sai Ram Sunrise High School
  • New Sunflower High School
  • Guru Harkrishan National Model Senior Secondary School
  • S.D. Model senior secondary School
  • MAA Ambay girls Senior secondary School
  • T.W.E.I. Senior Secondary School
  • Ramgarhia Senior Secondary School
  • Dehradoon international public school, Bhabiana
  • Ramgarhia ITI, Rampur Khalyan

Villages/Estates in Phagwara tehsil[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gazetteer of the Jullundur District, 1904. Sang-e-Meel Publications. 2000. ISBN 978-969-35-1107-9.
  2. ^ Kapurthala, District of. "Gov. Of Kapurthala". Gov. Of Punjab.
  3. ^ Kapurthala, District of. "Gov. Of Kapurthala". Gov. Of Punjab.
  4. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Phagwara".
  5. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  6. ^ "Phagwara Town Population Census 2011 - 2023". Population Census.
  7. ^ "Google Maps".