Phalaris (horse)

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Phalaris (GB).jpg
Sire Polymelus
Grandsire Cyllene
Dam Bromus
Damsire Sainfoin
Sex Stallion
Foaled 16 May 1913
Country United Kingdom
Colour Brown
Breeder 17th Earl of Derby
Owner 17th Earl of Derby
Trainer George Lambton
Record 24: 16–2–1
Earnings £5,478
Major wins
Challenge Stakes (1917, 1918)
Leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland
(1925, 1928)
Leading broodmare sire in Great Britain & Ireland (1937, 1941, 1942)
Last updated on 24 September 2011

Phalaris (1913–1931) was a British bred Thoroughbred racehorse, later a Leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland and a Leading broodmare sire in Great Britain & Ireland.[1] He appears in the sireline (stallion to stallion) of all racehorses which were winners of more than $10 million.


Phalaris was sired by the Champion Stakes winner Polymelus out of Bromus by the Epsom Derby winner Sainfoin, she being closely inbred in the second and third removes to Springfield. Bromus also foaled Hainault by Swynford. Phalaris was from a long line of successful sires. The conformation of Phalaris was typical of a sprinter, upstanding in build, but he was slightly back at the knee.

Racing career[edit]

At the age of two years he was rated 9 lbs (4 kg) below the champion filly Fifinella. At three years he was not up to the classic standard at a mile but he did win over 10 furlongs (2,000 metres). At four and five years old he was a very good sprinter, able to carry more than 10 stone (63.5 kilograms) and win on three occasions. Phalaris only raced at Newmarket where he won 16 of his 24 starts and was placed on another three occasions. He was the winner of the Stud Produce Stakes; Redmere Nursery Stakes; Beaufort Stakes; St. George Stakes; Royal Stakes; Bretby Handicap; Chesterfield Stakes; St. Ives Handicap; Bury St. Edmunds Plate; Snailwell Stakes; Challenge Stakes (twice); The Whip; Abingdon Plate; June Stakes and Lanwades Plate. Phalaris was the top sprinter in 1917 and 1918 when racing was restricted due to World War I.[2] Phalaris was kept in training for four seasons, and was retired to Lord Derby's stud.

Stud record[edit]

Phalaris was one of the most influential sires to serve Lord Derby's interests, and he had a major influence on modern Thoroughbred pedigrees the world over. He is today the most influential patriarch of the Bend Or dynasty and arguably the world's most influential sire of the 20th century. Nearly all runners in the main races of the leading racing nations are now from the Phalaris sire-line. He appears in the tail-male line (those coming straight through father to son to grandson etc.) of all nine horses that have earned more than $10 million.[3]

He was the Leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland in 1925, 1928, once second and third and was the Leading broodmare sire in Great Britain & Ireland in 1937, 1941 and 1942.

Among his notable progeny, Phalaris sired five Classic race winners plus the following horses:

Phalaris’ major tail-male descendants in the USA include, Native Dancer, Raise a Native, Mr. Prospector, Bold Ruler, Secretariat, Affirmed, Alydar, Seattle Slew, and of course the great Northern Dancer. among many others. His tail-male line British descendants, or those that raced in Britain or Ireland, include such champions as Arkle (steeplechaser), Blue Peter, Fair Trial, Nasrullah, Royal Palace, Nijinsky, Sir Ivor, Roberto, Brigadier Gerard, Mill Reef, Shergar, Troy, Grundy, Galileo, Sea Bird II, Sea the Stars and High Chaparral.

Phalaris dropped dead after covering a mare on 28 February 1931 at the age of 16 years.

Tabulated pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Phalaris (GB), brown stallion, 1913
Bona Vista Bend Or
Arcadia Isonomy
Distant Shore
Maid Marian
Hampton Lord Clifden
Lady Langden
Quiver Toxophilite
Young Melbourne Mare
Springfield St.Albans
Sanda Wenlock
St. Simon Galopin
St. Angela
Sunrise Springfield
Sunray (Family: 1-i)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Full profile of Phalaris at Thoroughbred Heritage
  2. ^ a b Ahnert (editor in chief), Rainer L. (1970). Thoroughbred Breeding of the World. Germany: Pozdun Publishing. 
  3. ^ Morris, Simon; Tesio Power 2000 - Stallions of the World, Syntax Software
  4. ^ Sickle at Thoroughbred Heritage
  5. ^ Bloodlines Retrieved 25 September 2011

External links[edit]