Phalguna (Phālguna, Hindi: फाल्गुन, Phālgun, Tamil: பங்குனி, Paṅkuṉi) or Falgun (Bengali: ফাল্গুন, Assamese: ফাগুন, Nepali: फाल्गुन) is the eleventh month in the Bengali calendar and Nepali calendar, but the twelfth (last) month in Hindu calendar. This month is named after the star উত্তরফাল্গুনী Uttôrfalguni. It marks the arrival of spring, the sixth and final season in Bangladesh, Nepal and Assam. In India's national civil calendar, Phalguna is the twelfth month of the year, and corresponds with February/March in the Gregorian calendar. The first of Falgun usually falls on 13 February. The first day of Falgun is celebrated as Pohela Falgun in Bangladesh. In Nepal the first day of Falgun is marked with colourful celebration of the advent of spring called Holi, known locally as Fagu (फागु). Traditionally, women wear yellow saris to celebrate this day.
In Luni-Solar religious calendars, Phalgun may begin on either the new moon or the full moon around the same time of year, and is usually the eleventh or twelfth month of the year. However, in Gujarat, Kartika is the first month of the year, and so Phalguna follows as the fifth month for Gujaratis.The holidays of Holi (15 Phalguna) and Maha Shivaratri (14 Phalguna) are observed in this month.
In North India Falguna ends on the full moon day i.e. the 5th day of the month of March in the year 2015. The new year starts after this day there. Whereas the month of Falguna ends on the new moon day that comes after above mentioned full moon day, that is on 20 March in the year 2015. In North India 5 March 2015 is celebrated as Holi, which marks the end of the year. The new year starts from 6 March in the year 2015 in North India.. In the South Falgun ends on 20 March 2015 (new moon day) and the next day Is celebrated as the New Year's Day. Thus in all cases Falguna is the twelfth month only.
This month began on February 3 in 2015.
Most parts of North India see early celebration of the famous Hindu festival Holi in this month. Holi is celebrated at the end of the winter season on the last full moon day of the lunar month Phalguna (Phalguna Purnima), which usually falls in the later part of February or March.
The Hindu festival of Shigmo is also celebrated in Goa and Konkan in the month of Phalguna. Celebrations can stretch over a month and may last even after the Hindu Luni-Solar New Year begins. Another popular fair is Phalguna Mela in Khatushyamji in Rasjasthan.
- Henderson, Helene. (Ed.) (2005) Holidays, festivals, and celebrations of the world dictionary Third edition. Electronic edition. Detroit: Omnigraphics, p. xxix. ISBN 0-7808-0982-3
- "Nepali Date Converter". nepcal.com. Retrieved 2013-06-21.
- "Nepali Calendar". nepcal.com. Retrieved 2013-06-21.
- Hindu units of measurement
- Hindu astronomy
- Bangla Calendar
- Culture of Bangladesh
- Culture of Nepal