Phanishwar Nath 'Renu'

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Phanishwar Nath 'Renu'
Phanishwar Nath 'Renu' (1921- 1977).jpg
Born (1921-03-04)4 March 1921
Aurahi Hingna, Araria district, Bihar
Died 11 April 1977(1977-04-11) (aged 56)
Occupation Novelist, memoirist
Notable works Maila Anchal (The Soiled Linen, 1954)

Phanishwar Nath 'Renu'[1] (4 March 1921 – 11 April 1977) was one of the most successful and influential writers of modern Hindi literature in the post-Premchand era. He is the author of Maila Anchal, which after Premchand's Godaan, is regarded as the most significant Hindi novel.[2] By origine he was bengali and his real name was Fanindranath Mukhopadhaya.[3]

Phanishwar Nath 'Renu' is best known for promoting the voice of the contemporary rural India through the genre of 'Aanchalik Upanyas' (Regional Story), and is placed amongst the pioneering Hindi writers who brought regional voices into the mainstream Hindi literature.

His short story "Maare Gaye Gulfam" was adapted into a film Teesri Kasam (The Third Vow),[4] by Basu Bhattacharya (produced by the poet-lyricist Shailendra) in 1966 for which he also wrote the dialogues.[5] Later his short story "Panchlight" (Petromax) was made into a TV short film.


Phanishwar Nath 'Renu' was born on 4 March 1921 at village Aurahi Hingna near Forbesganj, in Araria district (then Purnia district), Bihar. He was educated in India and Nepal. His primary education was held in Araria and Forbesganj. He did his Matriculation from Biratnagar Adarsh Vidyalaya(school), Biratnagar, Nepal while staying with Koirala Family. After Passing out IA from Kashi Hindu Vishvavidyalay (university) in 1942 he took part in the Indian Freedom Struggle. Later he participated in the Nepali revolutionary movement in 1950 which resulted in the establishment of democracy in Nepal. He ushered in 'Anchalik-katha' (Regional Story) of Hindi writing. He had a very close friendship with Sachchidananda Hirananda Vatsyayana Agyey - his contemporary poet.[6] A biography on the writer has also been produced with the name: Phanishwar Nath ‘Renu’ in Unki Nazar Unka Shahar.[7]

Writing style[edit]

His first novel which is also considered his masterpiece, Maila Anchal (The Soiled Linen, 1954), was a social novel that depicted the life of rural Bihar and its people, especially the backward and the deprived. He was subsequently awarded one of India's highest civilian honours, the Padma Sri in 1970.[1] He returned the Padma Sri in protest of the proclamation of Internal Emergency.[8]

Literary works[edit]



  • Rindjal Dhanjal
  • Van Tulsi ki gandh
  • Shrut Ashrut Purva
  • Totapur


  • HrinJal- DhanJal
  • Nepali Kranti Katha
  • Van tulsi ki gandh
  • Shruth Asruth purve
  • Pahli kranti katha


  1. ^ a b Padma Awards Official listings Govt. of India portal.
  2. ^ Phanishwar Nath 'Renu' Profile Seasoninindia.
  3. ^ Edited by S.Sengupta & Anjali Basu (2002). Sansad Bengali Charitavidhan (Bengali). kolkata: Sahitya Sansad. pp. 324, 325. ISBN 81-85626-65-0. 
  4. ^ TISRI QASAM The Third Vow University of Iowa, 2005.
  5. ^ Phanishwar Nath 'Renu' on Internet Movie Database
  6. ^ Phanishwar Nath Renu at Abhivyakti
  7. ^ Video on YouTube
  8. ^

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]