Phase-out of lightweight plastic bags in the United States

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Phase out of lightweight plastic products in the United States
  Plastic bags banned
  A charge on some plastic bags
  Partial charge or ban (county or municipality level)

There is no national plastic bag fee or ban currently in effect in the United States. However, the states of California[1] and Hawaii (de facto), and the territories of American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, US Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico[2] have banned disposable bags. Over 200 counties and municipalities have enacted ordinances either imposing a fee on plastic bags or banning them outright, including all counties in Hawaii.[3] Other attempts at banning plastic shopping bags statewide (for example in Massachusetts) have not succeeded mainly due to plastic industry lobbying.[4] A few jurisdictions have chosen to implement a fee-only approach to bag reduction such as Washington, D.C. and adjacent Montgomery County, Maryland.[5] Some US states, such as Florida and Arizona, have passed laws preventing local municipalities from passing their own bans.[6]

Summary of plastic bag laws[edit]

Local laws governing plastic bag use in the United States
State/Territory Jurisdiction Passage date Effective date Effect
Alaska Alaska
City of Bethel July 2009 September 2010 Plastic bag ban.[7]
City of Homer August 2012 January 2013 Plastic bag ban.[8]
City of Hooper Bay August 2010 Plastic bag ban.[9]
City of Wasilla January 2018 July 2018 Plastic bag ban.[10]
City of Kodiak January 2018 April 2018 Plastic bag ban.[11]
City of Palmer May 2018 January 2019 Plastic bag ban.[12]
City-Borough of Anchorage August 2018 March 2019 Plastic bag ban, 10 cent charge for paper bags. [note 1][13][14]
American Samoa American Samoa
American Samoa
January 2010 February 2011 Plastic bag ban for all wholesale and retail businesses.[15]
California California
California
September 2014 November 2016[1] Plastic bag ban for large retailers; 10 cent charge for paper bags.
All local ordinances (listed below) supersede this legislation.
Colorado Colorado1
City of Aspen October 2011 May 2012 Plastic bag ban for large retailers; 20 cent charge for paper bags.[16]
City of Boulder November 2012 July 2013 Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[17]
City of Carbondale October 2011 May 2012 Plastic bag ban for large retailers; 20 cent charge for paper bags.[17]
Town of Crested Butte 15 August 2016 1 September 2018 Plastic bag ban. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[18]
Town of Telluride October 2010 March 2011 Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[19]
Connecticut Connecticut Town of Greenwich - NEW 2019 10 cent charge for paper bags Aug 1 effective. Eff Aug 1 2020, plastic bag ban! 12 March 2018[20] September 2018 Plastic bag ban. Sunsets in 3 years. Paper bags must contain 40% post-consumer content and no old-growth fiber.[21]
Town of Norwalk 8 January 2018[22] 8 July 2018 Plastic bag ban.
Town of Westport September 2008 March 2009 Plastic bag ban. Defines acceptable "recyclable paper bag" alternatives.[23]
Washington, D.C. District of Columbia Washington, D.C. June 2009 August 2009 Minimum 5 cent fee for plastic bags.[24]
Guam Guam
Guam
5 June 2018 1 January 2021 Plastic bag ban.[25]
Hawaii Hawaii2
Hawaii County December 2011 January 2013 Ban on compostable and non-compostable plastic checkout bags. Allows plastic bags at least 3 mils.[26]
Honolulu City and County 2014 July 2015 Bill 10 in 2010 banned some plastic checkout bags but allowed biodegradable bags. Bill 38 in 2014 banned biodegradable plastic checkout bags but allowed compostable plastic bags. Plastic bags still allowed for carrying food and drinks, plastic bags at least 2.25 mils allowed.[27]
Kauai County October 2009 January 2011 Ban on plastic checkout bags made with fossil fuels. Biodegradable bags allowed.[28]
Maui County August 2008 Ban on compostable and non-compostable plastic checkout bags. Allows plastic bags at least 3 mils.[29]
Illinois Illinois
Chicago November 2016 1 February 2017 Plastic and paper bags from retailers are taxed 7-cents per bag. Tax does not apply to bags with a retail price of at least 50¢.[30][31]
Chicago repealed the ban it had passed 30 April 2014 that went into effect starting 1 August 2015. Reusable bags were defined as being at least 2.25 mils.[32][33]
City of Evanston 28 July 2014 1 August 2015 Bans plastic bags less than 2.25 mils at chain and franchise stores over 10,000 square feet. Biodegradable bags allowed.[34]
Maine Maine
Maine
17 June 2019 22 April 2020 Plastic bag ban.[35]
Town of Falmouth January 2016 1 April 2016 5-cent fee for single-use plastic (and paper) bags at stores greater than 10,000 square feet. Reusable plastic bags must be at least 4 mils.[36]
City of Portland June 2014 15 April 2015 5-cent fee for single-use plastic (and paper) bags at pharmacies, and food and convenience stores, which is kept by the store.[37]
City of South Portland September 2015 1 March 2016 5-cent fee for single-use plastic (and paper) bags at pharmacies, and food and convenience stores, which is kept by the store. Reusable plastic bags must be at least 2.25 mils.[38]
Town of York 3 November 2015 3 March 2016 Plastic bag ban. Reusable plastic bags must be at least 3 mils.[39]
Maryland Maryland
Town of Chestertown 4 April 2011 January 2012 Plastic bag ban. Reusable plastic bags must be at least 2.25 mils.[40]
Montgomery County May 2011 January 2012 Minimum 5 cent fee for plastic bags.[41]
Massachusetts Massachusetts
Town of Adams 20 June 2016 30 March 2017 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 2.5 mils.[42][43]
City of Amesbury 12 March 2019[44] 12 September 2019 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 3 mils.[45]
Town of Amherst 3 May 2016 1 January 2017 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 3 mils.[46]
Town of Andover 2 May 2018 2 January 2019 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils and if plastic must be made of polypropylene or polyester.[47]
Town of Aquinnah 10 May 2016 1 January 2017 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils.[48]
Town of Arlington 26 April 2017 1 March 2018 (large stores) & 1 July 2018 (for all stores)[49] Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.
Town of Barnstable 3 September 2015 c. September 2016 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 3 mils.[50][51]
Town of Bedford 27 March 2017 1 October 2017 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 2.5 mils.[52]
Town of Belmont 16 July 2018 17 April 2019 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 4.0 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[53]
City of Beverly 18 June 2018 1 January 2019 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be more than 4 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[54][55]
City of Boston 17 December 2017[56] December 2018 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 3 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content. Fee of 5¢ on single-use bags. Compostable plastic bags allowed.
Town of Bridgewater 8 March 2016 September 2016 Plastic bag ban for chain and larger stores (basically 3000 square feet). Reusable bags must be at least 2.5 mils.[57]
Town of Brookline November 2012 1 December 2013 Non-biodegradable plastic shopping bag ban for larger retailers (basically 2500 square feet), and produce bags for large supermarkets (6000 square feet). Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils (as amended on 15 November 2016).[58]
Town of Burlington 28 January 2019 28 June 2019 Plastic shopping bag ban. Reusable bags cannot be made of polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride, and must be more than 3 mils thick. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[59]
City of Cambridge 30 March 2015 31 March 2016 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 3 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content. Fee of 10¢ on single-use bags. Compostable plastic bags allowed.[60]
Town of Chatham 16 November 2015 1 January 2017 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 2.5 mils.[61]
Town of Chilmark 25 April 2016 1 January 2017 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[62]
Town of Cohasset 30 April 2018[63] 1 November 2018 Non-biodegradable plastic shopping bag ban. Reusable bags cannot be made of polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride, and must be more than 4 mils thick. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.
Town of Concord April 2015 1 January 2016 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 2.5 mils.[64]
Town of Dartmouth 5 June 2018[65] late 2019 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 1 mil.[66]
Town of Duxbury 13 March 2017[67] 2018 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 3 mils.
Town of Eastham 6 May 2019 1 January 2020 Plastic bag ban.[68]
Town of Edgartown 12 April 2016 1 January 2017 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils.[69]
Town of Falmouth November 2014 May 2016 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 2.5 mils.[70]
Town of Framingham 12 May 2016 1 January 2018 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 2.5 mils.[71]
City of Gloucester 14 November 2017 1 January 2019 Plastic bag ban. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content. Reusable bags cannot be made of polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride, and must be more than 2.25 mils.[72]
Town of Grafton May 2017 1 July 2018 Plastic bag ban. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.
Town of Great Barrington May 2013 2013 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 2.5 mils.[73]
City of Greenfield 16 January 2019[74] January 2020 Plastic bag ban. Fee of 5¢ on paper bags goes into effect in January, 2021.
Town of Hamilton 11 April 2015 27 July 2016 Non-biodegradable plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 3 mils.[75]
Town of Harwich 4 May 2015 May 2016 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 2.5 mils.[76]
City of Haverhill 7 August 2018[77] 7 January 2019 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 3 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.
Town of Hull 6 May 2019 1 January 2020 Plastic bag ban. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[78]
Town of Ipswich 10 May 2016 c. August 2017 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 3 mils.[79]
Town of Lee 10 May 2016 10 May 2017 Plastic bag ban including produce bags. Reusable plastic bags must be at least 4 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[80]
Town of Lenox 9 June 2016 9 June 2017 Plastic bag ban. Reusable plastic bags must be at least 4 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[81]
Town of Lexington 27 March 2018 1 January 2019 Plastic bag ban. Reusable plastic bags must be at least 2.25 mils.[82]
Town of Lincoln 24 March 2018 1 January 2019 Plastic bag ban. Reusable plastic bags must be more than 4 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[83]
Town of Longmeadow 16 October 2018[84] 16 April 2019 Plastic bag ban. Reusable plastic bags must be more than 4 mils. Reusable bags cannot be made of polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride, and must be more than 4 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.
City of Lowell 29 May 2018 1 January 2019 Plastic bag ban. Reusable plastic bags must be more than 4 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[85]
Town of Lunenburg 13 November 2018 1 July 2019 Plastic bag ban. Reusable plastic bags must be more than 2.5 mils.[86]
City of Lynn April 9, 2019 1 September 2019 Plastic bag ban.[87]
Town of Manchester-by-the-Sea April 2013 January 2014 Plastic bag ban. Reusable plastic bags must be greater than 2.5 mils. Compostable plastic bags allowed.[88]
Town of Marblehead 5 May 2014 May 2015 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 3 mils.[89]
Town of Mashpee 17 October 2016 1 January 2017 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils.[90]
Town of Medfield 28 April 2019[91] 1 November 2019 Plastic bag ban. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.
City of Medford February 2019 16 July 2019 Plastic bag ban. Reusable plastic bags must be more than 4 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[92]
City of Melrose 18 December 2017 1 July 2018[93] Plastic bag ban. Reusable plastic bags must be at least 4 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.
Town of Milton 23 October 2018 1 July 2019 Plastic bag ban. Reusable plastic bags must be more than 4 mils and not made of polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[94]
Town of Natick 10 January 2017 1 August 2017 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 2 mils. Paper bags must have at least 40% post-consumer recycled content.[95][96]
City of Newburyport 8 September 2014 29 March 2015 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 3 mils.[97]
City of Newton 20 January 2015 July 2015 Plastic bag ban. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[98] And as amended on 8 July 2019, reusable bags must be more than 4 mils and not made of polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride, and there is a fee of 10¢ on all shopping bags.[99]
Town of North Attleborough 3 June 2019[100] 2020 Plastic bag ban. Reusable plastic bags must be more than 4 mils. Compostable bags allowed.[101]
City of Northampton May 2015 1 January 2016 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be more than 3 mils.[102]
Town of Oak Bluffs 12 April 2017 1 January 2018 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils.
Town of Pembroke 23 October 2018 1 July 2019 Plastic bag ban. Reusable plastic bags must be more than 4 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[103]
Town of Plainville 3 June 2019[104] 2020 Plastic bag ban. Reusable plastic bags must be more than 4 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[105]
Town of Plymouth 15 October 2016 c. August 2017 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 3 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[106]
Town of Provincetown 27 October 2014 15 April 2015 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 1.5 mils.[107]
Town of Reading 16 November 2017 2018 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags cannot be made of polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride, and must be at least 3 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[108]
City of Revere 22 April 2019 1 September 2019[109] Single-use plastic bag ban. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content. Reusable bags must be more than 4 mils.[110][111]
Town of Rockport 17 September 2017 1 March 2018 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags cannot be made of polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride, and must be more than 4 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content. Compostable plastic bags are permitted.[112]
Town of Sandwich 28 November 2016 May 2017 Plastic shopping and produce bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[113]
Town of Saugus 6 May 2019 1 January 2020 Plastic shopping bag ban.[114]
Town of Scituate 14 November 2018[115] 1 March 2019 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags cannot be made of polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[116]
Town of Sharon 1 May 2019 2020[117] Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils and not made of polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[118]
Town of Shrewsbury 17 May 2016 1 July 2017 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[119]
City of Somerville 24 November 2015 24 November 2016 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must pass a 22-pound walk test. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[120]
Town of South Hadley 10 May 2017[121] 1 July 2018 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils. Compostable bags allowed.
City of Springfield 24 April 2019[122] 1 January 2020 Plastic bag ban except for those that are compostable and marine degradable. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils and not made of polyethylene, polyethylene terephthalate or polyvinyl chloride. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.
Town of Stockbridge 2 April 2017 2 January 2018[123] Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.
Town of Tewksbury 2 October 2018[124] 1 April 2019 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 3 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[125]
Town of Tisbury 12 April 2016 1 January 2017 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils.[69]
Town of Truro 5 November 2015 1 June 2016 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 1.5 mils.[126]
Town of Watertown 7 June 2016 1 July 2017 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 3 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer, recycled paper content.[127]
Town of Wayland 3 April 2017[128] 2018 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.
Town of Wellesley 11 April 2016[129] 1 January 2017 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.
Town of Wellfleet April 2015 1 January 2016 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 3.5 mils.[130]
Town of West Tisbury 12 April 2016 1 January 2017 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils.[69]
Town of Westborough 17 March 2018 17 September 2018 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.
Town of Weston 10 May 2017 1 January 2018 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[131]
Town of Williamstown 19 May 2015 November 2015 Plastic bag ban including produce bags and dry cleaning bags. Reusable shopping bags must be at least 4 mils.[132]
Town of Wilmington 5 May 2018[133] 6 May 2019 Plastic bag ban. Reusable shopping bags must be more than 2.5 mils.[134]
Town of Wrentham 3 June 2019[135] 2020 Plastic bag ban. Reusable shopping bags must be at least 4 mils. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.
Town of Yarmouth 6 May 2017 May 2018 Plastic shopping and produce bag ban. Paper bags must contain at least 40% post-consumer recycled paper content.[136]
New Jersey New Jersey Borough of Glen Rock 10 April 2019 1 January 2020 Single-use plastic bags banned. Minimum of $.10 fee for reusable and recyclable paper bags.[137]
Borough of Longport 20 November 2015 2015 A fee of not less than ten cents for each non-reusable carryout bag. Reusable plastic bags must be at least 2.25 mils.[138]
New Mexico New Mexico City of Santa Fe August 2013 January 2014 Plastic bag ban thinner than 2.25 mm.[139]
New York (state) New York
New York
April 22, 2019 March 1, 2020[140] Plastic bag ban. Counties can impose 5¢ fee on paper.[141]
East Hampton Village August 2011 February 2012 Plastic bag ban.[142]
Village of Hastings on Hudson, Town of Greenburgh November 2014 February 2015 Plastic bag ban.[143]
Village of Mamaroneck July 2012 January 2013 Plastic bag ban.[144]
Town of New Castle 31 May 2016 1 January 2017 Plastic bag ban. Paper bags must be at least 40% recycled and carry a 10¢ charge. Reusable bags must be at least 2.25 mils. Minimum 25¢ charge for reusable bags at grocery stores, convenience stores and pharmacies.[145][146]
Village of New Paltz 22 October 2014 1 April 2015 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 2.25 mils. Paper bags must contain "a minimum of 40% postconsumer recycled content".[147]
Village of Patchogue 8 June 2015 6 September 2016 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 2.25 mils.[148]
City of Rye December 2011 May 2012 Plastic bag ban.[149]
Village of Southampton April 2011 November 2011 Plastic bag ban.[150]
Suffolk County September 2016 January 2018 5¢ fee for single-use plastic and paper bags. Reusable bags must be at least 2.25 mils.[151]
North Carolina North Carolina Outer Banks (Dare, Currituck, and Hyde Counties) June 2009 1 October 2010 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 2.25 mils. Paper bags must be at least 40% recycled.[152]
Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Plastic bag ban.[153][154]
Ohio Ohio Cuyahoga County 28 May 2019 1 January 2020 Plastic bag ban.[155]
Oregon Oregon
City of Corvallis July 2012 Plastic bag ban; 5 cent charge for paper bags.
City of Eugene October 2012 1 May 2013 Plastic bag ban; 5 cent charge for paper bags. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils.[156]
City of Portland July 2011 October 2011 Plastic bag ban.[157] Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils.[158]
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Town of Narberth 18 October 2018 18 April 2019 Plastic bag ban.[159]
Rhode Island Rhode Island Town of Barrington October 2012 January 2013 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils (as amended on 1 February 2016).[160]
Town of Jamestown 18 September 2017 April 2018 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils.[161]
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
October 2015 July 2016 Plastic bag ban.[2]
South Carolina South Carolina Several counties and municipalities Various Various Plastic bag bans.[162]
Texas Texas3
City of Austin March 2012 March 2013 Plastic bag and paper bag ban. Reusable plastic bags must be at least 4 mils.[163]
City of Brownsville 15 December 2009 5 January 2011 Single-use bag ban. $1 charge per transaction for any number of single-use plastic or paper bags. Reusable bags must be at least 4 mils if plastic or 65# if paper.[164]
City of Dallas March 2014 January 2015 5¢ fee for single-use plastic and paper bags. (Ban on all single-use bags on city property or city events.) Reusable plastic bags must be at least 4 mils.[165]
City of Fort Stockton September 2011 Plastic bag ban.
City of South Padre Island January 2011 January 2012 Plastic bag ban.[166]
United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands
United States Virgin Islands
7 October 2016 1 January 2017 Plastic bag ban.[167]
Utah Utah City of Moab 10 September 2018 1 January 2019 Plastic bag ban.[168]
City of Park City 15 May 2017 June 2017 Plastic bag ban.[169]
Vermont Vermont
Vermont
17 June 2019 1 July 2020 Plastic bag ban.[170]
Town of Brattleboro 21 November 2017[171] 1 July 2018 Plastic bag ban. Plastic reusable bags must be at least 2.25 mils thick. Certified compostable bags allowed.[172]
Washington (state) Washington City of Bainbridge Island April 2012 November 2012 Plastic bag ban. 5 cent charge for paper bags.[173]
City of Bellingham July 2011 July 2012 Plastic bag ban. 5 cent minimum charge for paper bags.[174]
City of Edmonds July 2009 Plastic bag ban.
City of Ellensburg 7 November 2016 1 January 2018 Plastic and paper bag fee. Reusable bags must be at least 2.25 mils. 5 cent charge for all carry-out bags.[175][176]
City of Issaquah June 2012 March 2013 Plastic bag ban.[177]
City of Mukilteo December 2011 January 2013 Plastic bag ban.[178]
City of Olympia October 2013 July 2014 Plastic bag ban. 5 cent charge for paper bags.[179]
City of Port Angeles 3 April 2018 3 July 2018 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 2.25 mils. 5 cent charge for all carry-out bags.[180]
City of Port Townsend July 2012 November 2012 Plastic bag ban. 5 cent charge for paper bags.[181]
City of Seattle December 2011 July 2012 Plastic bag ban. Reusable bags must be at least 2.25 mils. Minimum 5 cent charge for paper bags.[182]
City of Shoreline April 2013 February 2014 Plastic bag ban. 5 cent charge for paper bags.[183]
Thurston County (unincorporated areas) September 2013 July 2014 Plastic bag ban. 5 cent charge for paper bags.[184]
City of Tacoma July 2016 12 July 2017 Plastic bag ban. 5 cent minimum charge for each recycled paper or reusable checkout bag requested by customers.
City of Tumwater September 2013 July 2014 Plastic bag ban. 5 cent charge for paper bags.[185]
Wyoming Wyoming City of Jackson 8 January 2019 15 April 2019 Plastic bag ban.[186]

Notes

  • 1 The City of Fort Collins, Colorado passed a 5¢ fee on single-use bags on 19 August 2014, and repealed it on 21 October 2014.
  • 2 Although the state of Hawaii does not ban plastic bags, all of its local jurisdictions do, effectively banning them statewide.[187]
  • 3 On June 22, 2018, the Texas Supreme Court ruled that a bag ban implemented by Laredo, TX was in violation of state law.[188] In response, Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton sent letters to 11 other Texas cities with bag bans telling them that such bans were now illegal and unenforceable. On July 3, 2018, the City of Austin announced that it would end enforcement of its bag ban.[189]

California[edit]

Californians voted in November 2016 to approve state legislation banning plastic bags statewide in Propositions 67 and 65.[190] Over 100 local laws with similar or tougher regulations will remain and supersede the statewide legislation.

Local laws governing plastic bag use in California
Region County Jurisdictions covered Passage date Effective date Effect
Central Valley Sacramento County Sacramento 2015 – March 2016 – January Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[191][192]
Unincorporated territories 2016 – April 2016 – July
Yolo County Davis 2013 – November 2014 – July Plastic bag ban.[193]
Greater Los Angeles Area Los Angeles County Beverly Hills[194] 2014 – 22 April 2014 – 1 July Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.
Calabasas[195] 2011 – February 2011 – July
Culver City[196] 2013 – May 2013 – December
Glendale[197] 2013 – January 2013 – July
Hermosa Beach[198] 2016 – April
Long Beach[199] 2012 – February 2013 – January
Los Angeles[200] 2013 – June 2014 – January
Malibu[201] 2008 – May 2009 – May Plastic bag ban.
Manhattan Beach[202] 2008 – July 2011 – July
Monrovia[203] 2014 – July 2015 – January Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.
Pasadena[204] 2011 – November 2012 – July
Pico Rivera[205] 2014 – October 2016 – July
Santa Monica[206] 2011 – February 2011 – September
South Pasadena[207] 2014 – October 2014 – December
West Hollywood[208] 2012 – August 2013 – February
Unincorporated territories[209] 2010 – November 2012 – January
Orange County Dana Point 2012 – March 2013 – April Plastic bag ban.[210]
Huntington Beach 2013 – April 2013 – November Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[211]
Laguna Beach 2012 – February 2013 – January Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[212]
Riverside County Cathedral City 2015 – July 2016 – February Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[213]
Desert Hot Springs 2014 – March 2014 – September Plastic bag ban. Small fee for paper bag.[214]
Indio 2014 – May 2014 – November Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[215]
Palm Desert 2014 – May 2015 – October Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[216]
Palm Springs 2014 – April 2014 – November Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[217]
Ventura County Ojai 2012 – April 2012 – July Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[218]
Northern California Butte County Chico 2014 – May 2015 – January Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[219]
El Dorado County South Lake Tahoe 2013 – October 2014 – February Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[220]
Humboldt County Arcata 2014 – February Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[221]
Mendocino County Fort Bragg[222] 2012 – May 2013 – December Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.
Ukiah[223] 2012 – May 2013 – February
Unincorporated territories[224] 2012 – June 2013 – January
Mono County Mammoth Lakes 2016 – March Plastic bag ban.[225]
Monterey County Carmel-by-the-Sea[226] 2012 – July 2013 – February Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.
Greenfield[227] 2014 – August 2015 – February
Gonzales[228] 2014 – July 2015 – January
Pacific Grove[229] 2014 – August 2015 – March
King City[230] 2014 – September 2015 – January
Marina[231] 2014 – August
Monterey 2011 – December 2012 – June Plastic bag ban; 25 cent charge for paper bags.[232]
Salinas[233] 2014 – August Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.
Seaside[234] 2014 – August 2015 – September
Soledad[235] 2014 – October 2015 – May
Unincorporated territories[236] 2014 – August
Nevada County Grass Valley 2014 – August 2015 – January Plastic bag ban. Small fee for paper bag.[237]
Nevada City 2014 – June 2015 – July Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[238]
Truckee 2013 – November 2014 – June Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[239]
Greater San Francisco Bay Area Alameda County Alameda 2012 – January 2013 – January Plastic bag ban for food and liquor stores, and pharmacies; reusable bags must be at least 2.25 mils; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[240]
Albany
Berkeley
Dublin
Emeryville
Fremont
Hayward
Livermore
Oakland
Piedmont
Pleasanton
San Leandro
Union City
Unincorporated territories
Contra Costa County
Danville 2014 – December 2016 – July Plastic bag ban.[241]
Hercules 2014 – September 2015 – January Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[242]
Lafayette 2014 – December 2015 – July Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[230]
Martinez 2014 Plastic bag ban.[243]
Pittsburg 2013 – October 2014 – January Plastic bag ban; phased charge for paper bags until 25 cents in the third year.[244]
Pleasant Hill 2014 – August Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[245]
Richmond 2013 – July 2014 – January Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[246]
San Pablo 2013 – October 2014 – January Plastic bag ban. Ten cent fee for paper bag.[214]
Walnut Creek 2014 – March 2014 – September Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[247]
Marin County
Corte Madera[248] 2015 – July 2015 – September Plastic bag ban. 10 cent charge for paper bag.
Fairfax[249] 2007 – August 2008 – November Plastic bag ban. 10 cent charge for paper bag.
Larkspur[250] 2014 – May 2014 – November
Mill Valley 2013 – 21 October 2013 – 21 November[251] Plastic bag ban; 5 cent charge for paper bags.[252]
Novato[253] 2014 – March Plastic bag ban. 10 cent charge for paper bag.
Ross[254] 2014 – September 2015 – April
San Anselmo[255] 2015 – January
San Rafael[256] 2014 – March 2014 – September
Sausalito[257] 2014 – March
Tiburon[258] 2014 – September
Unincorporated territories 2011 – January 2012 – January Plastic bag ban.[259]
Napa County
American Canyon 2016 – January Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[260]
Calistoga 2014 – August 2015 – January Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[261]
Napa Napa 2014 – August Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[262]
St. Helena 2014 – August 2015 – January Plastic bag ban. Ten cent fee for paper bag.[263]
Yountville 2016 – February 2016 – March Plastic bag ban. Ten cent fee for paper bag.[264]
Unincorporated territories 2016 – January 2016 – July Plastic bag ban. Ten cent fee for paper bag.[265]
San Francisco City and County San Francisco 2007 – April Limited plastic bag ban.
2012 – February 2012 – October Expansion of ban to cover all retail stores in 2012 and all restaurants in 2013. 10 cent charge for paper bags.[266]
San Mateo County Belmont 2013 – January 2013 – April Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[267]
Brisbane 2013 – March
Burlingame
Colma 2013 – January
Daly City
East Palo Alto 2013 – April 2013 – October
Half Moon Bay 2013 – March 2013 – April
Menlo Park
Millbrae[268] 2012 – February 2012 – September
Pacifica 2012 – December 2013 – April
Portola Valley 2013 – January
Redwood City 2013 – March 2013 – October
San Bruno 2013 – January 2013 – April
San Carlos 2013 – March 2013 – July
San Mateo[269] 2013 – May 2013 – June
South San Francisco 2012 – December 2013 – April
Unincorporated territories 2012 – November
Santa Clara County Campbell1[267] 2013 – July 2014 – January Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.
Cupertino[270] 2013 – March 2013 – October
Los Altos1[267] 2013 – March 2013 – July
Los Gatos1[267] 2013 – September 2014 – February
Milpitas[271] 2015 – September 2016 – July
Morgan Hill[272] 2013 – October 2014 – April
Mountain View1[267] 2012 – December 2013 – April
Palo Alto[273]
2013 – May 2013 – July
San Jose[274] 2011 – January 2012 – January
Santa Clara[275] 2014 – September 2014 – December
Sunnyvale[276] 2011 – December 2012 – June
Unincorporated territories[277] 2011 – April 2012 – January
Santa Cruz County Capitola 2013 – January 2013 – April Plastic bag ban; 25 cent charge for paper bags.[278]
Santa Cruz 2012 – July 2013 – April Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[279]
Watsonville 2012 – May 2012 – June Plastic bag ban; 25 cent charge for paper bags.[280]
Unincorporated territories 2011 – September 2012 – March Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[281]
2012 – October 2013 – April Expansion of ban to restaurants.[282]
Sonoma County Cloverdale 2014 – February 2014 – September Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[283]
Cotati
Healdsburg
Petaluma
Rohnert Park
Santa Rosa[284]
Sebastopol
Sonoma
Windsor
Unincorporated territories[285]
Southern California San Diego County Del Mar 2016 – May 2016 – November (retail)
2017 – May (restaurants)
Plastic bag ban.[286]
Encinitas 2014 – September 2015 – April Plastic bag ban. Small fee for paper bag.[287]
San Diego 2016 – July 2017 – January Plastic bag ban. Ten cent fee for paper bag.[288]
Solana Beach 2012 – May 2012 – June Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[289]
San Luis Obispo County Arroyo Grande 2012 – January 2012 – October Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[290]
Atascadero
Grover Beach
Morro Bay
Paso Robles
Pismo Beach
San Luis Obispo
Unincorporated territories
Santa Barbara County Carpinteria 2012 – March 2012 – July Plastic bag ban; 10 cent charge for paper bags.[291]
Santa Barbara 2013 – October 2014 – December Plastic bag ban. Ten cent fee for paper bag.[292]

Notes:

  • 1 The San Mateo County Environmental Impact Report also studied six cities in neighboring Santa Clara County. Campbell, Los Altos, Los Gatos, and Mountain View opted to join San Mateo County's ordinance because of this.

Notes and references[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ People who use SNAP benefits are excluded from the charge.

References[edit]

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