Phase 1 (bar)

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Phase 1
Exterior and entrance to Phase 1
The bar's exterior in 2012
Restaurant information
Established 1970
Closed 2016
Dress code casual
Street address 525 8th St SE (8th and E)
City Washington, D.C.
Country United States

Phase 1, also known as The Phase, was a lesbian bar and nightclub at 525 8th Street, Southeast in Washington, D.C. Located one block south of Pennsylvania Avenue, SE near Eastern Market in the Capitol Hill neighborhood, Phase 1 was the oldest continually operating lesbian bar in the United States and the oldest operating LGBT bar in Washington, D.C.[1][2] until its closure in February, 2016.[3]


In 1971, Allen Carroll and Chris Jansen founded Phase 1 and would go on to open another LGBT bar in Southeast, Ziegfeld's.[4] Phase 1 was originally located beside Plus One, a gay bar that broke the city’s “no same-sex dancing” code when owners Henry Hecht of the Hecht's department store family, Donn Culver, and Bill Bickford installed a dance floor.[2]


Phase 1 was a sponsor of Capital Pride, the LGBT pride festival held each year in Washington, D.C. and the fourth largest gay pride event in the United States.[5][6] Phase 1 also worked with local organizations such as the Whitman-Walker Clinic and D.C. Rape Crisis Center.[7]

In August 2007, musician Mara Levi, Phase 1 manager Angela Lombardi, and Riot Grrl, Ink organized the first Phase Fest.[8] The three-day event hosted at Phase 1 featured local and nationwide musical acts such as God-Des and She, Nicky Click, and others which are geared towards lesbians.[9][10] The event became the largest queer art and music festival on the East Coast.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ford, Elise (2006). Night & Day Washington, DC: Night+day Cool Cities Series. ASDavis Media Group. p. 168. ISBN 0-9766013-4-6. 
  2. ^ a b Muzzy, Frank (2005). Gay and Lesbian Washington D.C. Arcadia Publishing. p. 104. ISBN 0-7385-1753-4. 
  3. ^ Giambrone, Andrew (June 29, 2016). "Iconic D.C. Lesbian Bar Phase 1 Goes on the Market". DC City Paper. Retrieved November 29, 2016. 
  4. ^ Najafi, Yusef (September 13, 2007). "A Pioneer Passes – Phase 1, Ziegfeld's founder dies at 61". Metro Weekly. Retrieved July 11, 2008. 
  5. ^ "2008 Capital Pride Parade Contingents". Capital Pride. Archived from the original on July 9, 2008. Retrieved July 11, 2008. 
  6. ^ Chandler, Michael (June 11, 2007). "Street Fest Lets Gays Revel in Freedom". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 11, 2008. 
  7. ^ a b "30 under 30". Washington Blade. June 13, 2008. Archived from the original on June 17, 2008. Retrieved July 11, 2008. 
  8. ^ Volin, Katherine (August 10, 2007). "Phase in the music". Washington Blade. Archived from the original on November 3, 2009. Retrieved July 11, 2008. 
  9. ^ O’Bryan, Will (August 16, 2007). "In Phase – Phast Fest 2007". Metro Weekly. Retrieved July 11, 2008. 
  10. ^ Najafi, Yusef (August 16, 2007). "Nicky Click – Phase Fest 2007". Metro Weekly. Retrieved July 11, 2008. 

Coordinates: 38°52′55″N 76°59′42″W / 38.881992°N 76.994988°W / 38.881992; -76.994988