Phayre's leaf monkey

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Phayre's leaf monkey
Phayre's Langur, Trachypithecus phayrei in Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary (21134240148).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Trachypithecus
T. phayrei
Binomial name
Trachypithecus phayrei
(Blyth, 1847)[2]
Phayre's Leaf Monkey area.png
Phayre's leaf monkey range

Phayre's leaf monkey (Trachypithecus phayrei), also known as Phayre's langur, is a species of lutung native to Southeast Asia, including India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, and China. It is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List and is threatened by hunting and loss of habitat.[1] The species epithet commemorates Arthur Purves Phayre.

Behaviour and ecology[edit]

It is mostly arboreal, and feeds on leaves of many tree species. In Tripura, India, it mainly feeds on leaves of Albizia procera, Albizzia lebbek and A. stipulata, Melocanna bambusoides, Macaranga denticulata, Callicarpa arborea, Dillenia pentagyna, Litsea sp., Mikania scandens, Gmelina arborea, Artocarpus chaplasha, Syzygium fruticosum, Ficus racemosa, Ficus hispida, Ficus indica, and F. fistulosa.[3]


The three accepted subspecies of Phayre's leaf monkey are:[2]

  • T. p. crepusculus
  • T. p. phayrei
  • T. p. shanicus


  1. ^ a b Bleisch, B.; Brockelman, W.; Timmins, R. J.; Nadler, T.; Thun, S.; Das, J. & Yongcheng, L. (2020). "Trachypithecus phayrei". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T22040A17960739. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  2. ^ a b Groves, C. P. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 178. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494.
  3. ^ Gupta, A. K. (2005). "Dietary differences between two groups of Phayre's Langur Trachypithecus phayrei in Tripura, India: Responses to food abundance and human disturbance". Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. 102 (1): 3–9.

External links[edit]