Pheasant Island

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Pheasant Island
Native name: Isla de los Faisanes
Île des Faisans
Konpantzia
Isla de los Faisanes-edited.jpg
Pheasant Island from the International Bridge over the Bidasoa river. On the left Irun, Spain; on the right Hendaye, France
Geography
Location Bidasoa
Area 0.00682[1] km2 (0.00263 sq mi)
Highest elevation 6 m (20 ft)
Administration
France
Region Aquitaine
Département Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Spain
Autonomous community Basque Country
Province Guipuscoa
Demographics
Population 0
Louis XIV of France and Philip IV of Spain meeting on Pheasant Island for the Treaty of the Pyrenees.

Pheasant Island (Spanish: Isla de los Faisanes, French: Île des Faisans, Basque: Konpantzia) is a river island in the Bidasoa river.

Geography[edit]

The island is a condominium[2] established by the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659, under joint sovereignty of Spain and France, and is administered by Irun (in Gipuzkoa, Spain) and Hendaye (in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France), which have sovereignty on the island for alternating periods of six months. The island has an area of 6,820 square metres (73,410 square feet) and has been artificially protected from the currents of the river.

Etymology[edit]

In French, the island is also known as Île de l’hôpital and Île de la Conférence.

History[edit]

The island as seen from the Spanish side

The most important historical event that took place on the island was the signing of the Treaty of the Pyrenees after a series of 24 conferences between Luis de Haro and Cardinal Mazarin in 1659 following the end of the Thirty Years' War. A monolith was built in the centre of the island to commemorate this event.

The island was the site of several royal meetings:

Access[edit]

No visitors are allowed on the island.[3]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Pheasant Island at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 43°20′34″N 1°45′56″W / 43.34278°N 1.76556°W / 43.34278; -1.76556