|CompTox Dashboard (EPA)|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||214.689 g/mol g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
Phenaglycodol (brand names Acalmid, Acalo, Alterton, Atadiol, Felixyn, Neotran, Pausital, Remin, Sedapsin, Sinforil, Stesil, Ultran) is a drug described as a tranquilizer or sedative which has anxiolytic and anticonvulsant properties. It is related structurally and pharmacologically to meprobamate, though it is not a carbamate.
p-Chloroacetophenone and NaCN are reacted together to give the corresponding cyanohydrin (cf Strecker synthesis). The cyano group is then hydrated in acid to the corresponding amide, thus p-chloroatrolactamide (4) is formed. The amide group is then further hydrolyzed with a 2nd equivalent of water in concentrated lye to p-chloroatrolactic acid (5); this is then esterified to Ethyl p-chloroatrolactate (6). Finally, nucleophilic addition a couple of equivalents of MeMgI are added to the ester give Phenaglycodol (7) crystals.
- See "Novel trifluoromethyl derivatives of substituted diols" U.S. Patent 3,134,819 also.
- Earl Usdin; Daniel H. Efron; National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.) (1972). Psychotropic drugs and related compounds. National Institute of Mental Health; [for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off., Washington.
- Julius Vida (19 July 2013). Anticonvulsants. Elsevier. pp. 578–. ISBN 978-0-323-14395-0.
- Lester M. Haddad; James F. Winchester (1983). Clinical Management of Poisoning and Drug Overdose. Saunders. ISBN 978-0-7216-4447-9.
- Victor Alexander Drill (1958). Pharmacology in Medicine: A Collaborative Textbook. McGraw-Hill.
- Harry Beckman (1961). Pharmacology; the nature, action and use of drugs. Saunders.
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