Smith, c. 1888
December 12, 1864|
|Died: April 3, 1952
Manchester, New Hampshire
|April 18, 1884, for the Philadelphia Athletics|
|Last MLB appearance|
|June 15, 1891, for the Philadelphia Phillies|
|Earned run average||3.89|
John Francis "Phenomenal" Smith (December 12, 1864 – April 3, 1952), born as John Francis Gammon, was an American professional baseball player and player-manager from 1884 to 1905. He played eight seasons in Major League Baseball, principally as a pitcher, for six different clubs.
In his eight seasons in the major leagues, Smith appeared as a pitcher in 140 games and compiled a 54-74 (.422) win-loss record with a 3.89 earned run average (ERA) and 519 strikeouts. He saw his most extensive playing time with the Baltimore Orioles of the American Association, compiling a 41-50 win-loss record during the 1887 and 1888 seasons.
Smith later served as a player-manager in the minor leagues from the early 1890s through 1905. He was credited with discovering Christy Mathewson in 1899 and developing him into an outstanding pitcher during the 1900 season.
Professional baseball player
1883 to 1886 seasons
Smith began his professional baseball career at age 18 playing for the Baltimore club in the National Association in 1883. In 1884, he played one game as pitcher for the Philadelphia Athletics and another for the Pittsburg Alleghenys. He compiled an 0-2 win-loss records and a 6.35 earned run average (ERA) in his first season in the major leagues.
Smith spent most of the 1885 and 1886 seasons playing with the Newark Little Giants of the Eastern League. He appeared in 20 games as a pitcher for Newark in 1885 and struck out 214 batters. As of 1921, the only pitchers to have attained an average of 10 strikeouts per game were Smith (1885), Baseball Hall of Fame inductee John Clarkson (418 strikeouts in 41 games in his first minor league season) and Eddie Knuff (390 strikeouts in 39 games for Memphis, 1886). He reportedly received the nickname "Phenomenal" after pitching a no-hitter against Baltimore on October 3, 1885. Only two batters reached base, one on an error and one on a base on balls, and Smith picked off both runners at first base.
Smith also played briefly during the 1885 and 1886 seasons for the Brooklyn Grays (one game, 1885), Philadelphia Athletics (one game, 1885), and Detroit Wolverines (three games, 1886). In his five major league games during the 1885 and 1886 seasons, Smith compiled a 1-3 record with a 5.11 ERA.
In his first and only game for Brooklyn, on June 17, 1885, Smith's teammates were reported to have intentionally committed 14 errors to punish Smith for his perceived brash and cocky demeanor. Brooklyn lost the game, 18-5. All 18 were initially scored as unearned‚ but record books indicate that 11 of the runs were earned. He reportedly claimed that he was so good that he did not need his teammates to win. The intentional misplays of his teammates caused club President Lynch to fine the guilty players $500 each‚ but he instead released Smith "to ensure team harmony."
Smith saw his most extensive playing time in the major leagues with the Baltimore Orioles during the 1887 and 1888 seasons. In 1887, Smith appeared in 58 games as a pitcher for Baltimore, including 55 as a starter. He threw 54 complete games and pitched 491-1/3 innings, compiling a record of 25-30 with a 3.79 ERA and 206 strikeouts. The next year, he appeared in 35 games as a pitcher, 32 as a starter, pitched 31 complete games and 314 innings for the Orioles. He compiled a record of 14-19 with a 3.61 ERA.
Philadelphia and Pittsburgh
In early October 1888, the Philadelphia Athletics purchased Smith from the Baltimore Orioles for $1000 or $1500. He pitched three games for the Athletics at the end of the 1888 season, compiling a 2-1 record and a 2.86 ERA. In the first half of the 1889 season, he went 2-3 with a 4.40 ERA for the Athletics. In early June 1889, Smith was released by the Athletics. He finished the 1889 season playing for Hartford in the Atlantic Association.
At the start of the 1891 season, Smith was released by Pittsburgh and re-signed by the Phillies. Smith appeared in three games as pitcher for the 1891 Phillies and compiled a 1-1 record with a 4.26 ERA. He appeared in his last major league game on June 15, 1891, at age 26.
Although his major league career ended in July 1891, Smith continued to play and manage in the minor leagues for another 15 years. His minor league career included stints with at least 12 different clubs, including the Milwaukee Brewers (1891), Green Bay Bays (1892), Reading Actives (1893), Pottsville Colts (1894–1895), Millville (1895), Pawtucket Phenoms (1896–1897), Fall River Indians (1898), Newark Colts (1898), Hartford Cooperatives (1898), Portland Phenoms (1899), and Norfolk Phenoms (1900).
While working as a minor league player-manager, Smith has been credited with discovering Baseball Hall of Fame inductee, Christy Mathewson. Smith met and played against Matthewson in 1899 while Matthewson was still attending Bucknell and pitching for the Taunton Herrings. The 19-year-old Mathewson compiled a 2-13 record for Taunton in 1899, but Smith saw potential. Smith signed Matthewson to play for his Norfolk team for $90 a month, and under Smith's guidance, Matthewson compiled a 21-2 record and 0.74 ERA in 1900 and was promoted to the major leagues before the end of the season.
Smith spent the last five years of his baseball career as a player-manager for the Manchester, New Hampshire baseball club from 1901 to 1905. At age 36, he won the 1901 New England League batting title with a .363 batting average in 284 at bats. Smith remained in Manchester for the rest of his life.
Family and later years
John Smith was married twice. The first time he married Margaret Cowan in 1884. They had two daughters, Isabel Smith Warnick, and Elsie Smith MacFarland. Margaret Cowan was from Scotland but her parents were born in Ireland. John was married to Hannah M. Smith in approximately 1900. They had at least ten children: Anna (born c. 1902), George (born c. 1903), John (born c. 1905), Charles (born c. 1907), Walter (born 1909), Agnes (born c. 1911), Mary (born c. 1913), James (born c. 1916), Florence (born c. 1920), and Margaret (born c. 1922).
After retiring from baseball, Smith became a member of the Manchester, New Hampshire police department. He served in that capacity from approximately 1904 to 1932. He also coached the basketball team at Saint Anselm College in Goffstown, New Hampshire, for seven seasons between 1909 and 1932. In 1952, he died at a hospital in Manchester at age of 87. He was buried at St. Joseph Cemetery in Bedford, New Hampshire.
- "Phenomenal Smith Statistics and History". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- "'Phenomenal' Smith Dead: Sent Up Matty to Majors; Former Pitcher-Outfielder Was 87; Induced Christy to Join Norfolk in 1900". The Sporting News. April 16, 1952. p. 38.
- "Phenomenal Smith Minor League Statistics". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- "Pitchers Average Ten Strike-Outs Per Game". The Washington Times. February 14, 1921. p. 11.
- "Germany Smith". Baseball Library.com. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- Bill Spaceman Lee, Jim Prime (2007). Baseball Eccentrics: A Definitive Look at the Most Entertaining, Outrageous and Unforgettable Characters in the Game. Triumph Books. ISBN 1617499269.
- Bruce Nash, Allan Zullo (2012). The Baseball Hall of Shame: The Best of Blooperstown. Globe Pequot. pp. 17–18. ISBN 0762784008.
- "New Hampshire Baseball Quiz, Question No. 13". New Hampshire Historical Society. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- "Christy Mathewson Minor League Statistics". Sports Reference LLC.
- Ronald A. Mayer (2008). Christy Mathewson: A Game-by-Game Profile of a Legendary Pitcher. McFarland. p. 7. ISBN 0786481234.
- 1900 US Census entry for Margaret Cowan Smith, wife of John Smith, and daughters Isabel and Elsie. Census Place: Bristol Borough, Bucks County, PA, Sheet 14, page 109.
- 1910 U.S. Census entry for John F. Smith, age 43, born in Penn., employed as manager of a baseball club. Census Place: Manchester Ward 5, Hillsborough, New Hampshire; Roll: T624_863; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 0138; FHL microfilm: 1374876. Ancestry.com. 1910 United States Federal Census [database on-line].
- 1930 U.S. Census entry for John F. Smith, age 64, born in Penn., employed as a Manchester police officer. Census Place: Manchester, Hillsborough, New Hampshire; Roll: 1301; Page: 8B; Enumeration District: 0026; Image: 839.0; FHL microfilm: 2341036. Ancestry.com. 1930 United States Federal Census [database on-line].
- 1940 U.S. Census entry for John Smith, age 75, born in Penn., occupation city police officer. Census Place: Manchester, Hillsborough, New Hampshire; Roll: T627_2291; Page: 8B; Enumeration District: 6-33. Ancestry.com. 1940 United States Federal Census [database on-line].
- "John "Phenomenal" Smith". Find a Grave. Retrieved July 24, 2014.