Phenomenological quantum gravity

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Phenomenological quantum gravity is the research field that deals with phenomenology of quantum gravity. The relevance of this research area derives from the fact that none of the candidate theories for quantum gravity has yielded experimentally testable predictions.[1] Phenomenological models are designed to bridge this gap by allowing physicists to test for general properties that the hypothetical correct theory of quantum gravity has. Furthermore, due to this current lack of experiments, it is not known for sure that gravity is indeed quantum (i.e. that general relativity can be quantized), and so evidence is required to determine whether this is the case.[2] Phenomenological models are also necessary to assess the promise of future quantum gravity experiments.

Direct experiments for quantum gravity (perhaps by detecting gravitons) would require reaching the Planck energy — on the order of 1028 eV, around 15 orders of magnitude higher than can be achieved with current particle accelerators —, as well as needing a detector the size of a large planet.[3][1] As a result, experimental investigation of quantum gravity was long thought to be impossible with current levels of technology.[4]

However, in the early 21st century, new experiment designs and technologies have arisen which suggest that indirect approaches to testing quantum gravity may be feasible over the next few decades.[1][4][5]

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  1. ^ a b c Hossenfelder, Sabine (2 February 2017). "What Quantum Gravity Needs Is More Experiments". Nautilus. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
  2. ^ Carlip, S. (7 August 2008). "Is Quantum Gravity Necessary?". Classical and Quantum Gravity. 25 (15): 154010. arXiv:0803.3456. Bibcode:2008CQGra..25o4010C. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/25/15/154010. S2CID 15147227.
  3. ^ Hossenfelder, Sabine; Smolin, Lee (14 November 2009). "Phenomenological Quantum Gravity". arXiv:0911.2761 [physics.pop-ph].
  4. ^ a b Experimental search for quantum gravity. Cham: Springer. 2017. ISBN 9783319645360.
  5. ^ Carney, Daniel; Stamp, Philip C. E.; Taylor, Jacob M. (7 February 2019). "Tabletop experiments for quantum gravity: a user's manual". Classical and Quantum Gravity. 36 (3): 034001. arXiv:1807.11494. Bibcode:2019CQGra..36c4001C. doi:10.1088/1361-6382/aaf9ca. S2CID 119073215.