Phenylacetate—CoA ligase

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phenylacetate-CoA ligase
EC number6.2.1.30
CAS number57219-71-3
IntEnzIntEnz view
ExPASyNiceZyme view
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a phenylacetate-CoA ligase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

ATP + phenylacetate + CoA AMP + diphosphate + phenylacetyl-CoA

The 3 substrates of this enzyme are ATP, phenylacetate, and CoA, whereas its 3 products are AMP, diphosphate, and phenylacetyl-CoA.

This enzyme belongs to the family of ligases, specifically those forming carbon-sulfur bonds as acid-thiol ligases. The systematic name of this enzyme class is phenylacetate:CoA ligase (AMP-forming). Other names in common use include phenylacetyl-CoA ligase, PA-CoA ligase, and phenylacetyl-CoA ligase (AMP-forming). This enzyme participates in tyrosine metabolism and phenylalanine metabolism.


  • Martinez-Blanco H, Reglero A, Rodriguez-Aparicio LB, Luengo JM (1990). "Purification and biochemical characterization of phenylacetyl-CoA ligase from Pseudomonas putida. A specific enzyme for the catabolism of phenylacetic acid". J. Biol. Chem. 265 (12): 7084–90. PMID 2324116.