Phenylcarbylamine chloride

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Phenylcarbylamine chloride
Phenylcarbylamine chloride.svg
Names
IUPAC name
Phenylcarbonimidic dichloride
Other names
Phenyl isocyanide dichloride, K-Stoff
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.009.760 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 210-735-0
UNII
UN number 1672
  • InChI=1S/C7H5Cl2N/c8-7(9)10-6-4-2-1-3-5-6/h1-5H
    Key: TTWWZVGVBRPHLE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • c1ccc(cc1)N=C(Cl)Cl
Properties
C7H5Cl2N
Molar mass 174.02 g·mol−1
Appearance Oily liquid
Odor Onion-like
Melting point 19.5 °C (67.1 °F; 292.6 K)
Boiling point 210 °C (410 °F; 483 K) at 760 mmHg
Hazards
Occupational safety and health (OHS/OSH):
Main hazards
Toxic
GHS labelling:
GHS06: ToxicGHS07: Exclamation mark
Danger
H302, H315, H319, H331, H335
P261, P264, P270, P271, P280, P301+P312, P302+P352, P304+P340, P305+P351+P338, P311, P312, P321, P330, P332+P313, P337+P313, P362, P403+P233, P405, P501
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

Phenylcarbylamine chloride is a chemical compound that was used as a chemical warfare agent. It's an oily liquid with an onion-like odor.[1] Classified as an isocyanide dichloride, this compound is a lung irritant with lachrymatory effects.[2][3]

Synthesis[edit]

Phenylcarbylamine chloride is produced by chlorination of phenyl isothiocyanate.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Handbook of chemical and biological warfare agents (2nd ed.). CRC Press. ISBN 9780849314346.
  2. ^ Cowell, E. M. (7 October 1939). "Chemical Warfare and the Doctor--I". BMJ. 2 (4109): 736–738. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.4109.736. PMC 2177982. PMID 20782694.
  3. ^ Hinkson de, H (January 1920). "Medical Aspect of Gas Warfare". Journal of the National Medical Association. 12 (1): 1–6. PMC 2622123. PMID 20891780.
  4. ^ Sartori, Mario (1939). The War Gases (PDF).