Phenylethylidenehydrazine

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Phenylethylidenehydrazine
Phenylethylidenehydrazine.svg
Clinical data
ATC code
  • none
Legal status
Legal status
  • In general: uncontrolled
Pharmacokinetic data
Elimination half-life~12 hours
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC8H10N2
Molar mass134.18 g/mol
3D model (JSmol)

Phenylethylidenehydrazine (PEH), also known as 2-phenylethylhydrazone or β-phenylethylidenehydrazine, is an inhibitor of the enzyme GABA transaminase (GABA-T).[1][2] It is a metabolite of the antidepressant phenelzine and is responsible for its elevation of GABA concentrations.[1] PEH may contribute to phenelzine's anxiolytic effects.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Parent MB, Master S, Kashlub S, Baker GB (January 2002). "Effects of the antidepressant/antipanic drug phenelzine and its putative metabolite phenylethylidenehydrazine on extracellular gamma-aminobutyric acid levels in the striatum". Biochemical Pharmacology. 63 (1): 57–64. doi:10.1016/S0006-2952(01)00856-5. PMID 11754874.
  2. ^ Duffy S, Nguyen PV, Baker GB (2004). "Phenylethylidenehydrazine, a novel GABA-transaminase inhibitor, reduces epileptiform activity in rat hippocampal slices". Neuroscience. 126 (2): 423–32. doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2004.03.007. PMID 15207360.