3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||108.22 g·mol−1|
|Boiling point||119 to 121 °C (246 to 250 °F; 392 to 394 K)|
|Safety data sheet||MSDS|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Phenylsilane, also known as silylbenzene, a colorless liquid, is one of the simplest organosilanes with the formula C6H5SiH3. It is structurally related to toluene, with a silyl group replacing the methyl group. Both of these compounds have similar densities and boiling points due to these similarities. Phenylsilane is soluble in organic solvents.
Synthesis and reactions
Phenylsilane is produced in two steps from Si(OEt)4. In the first step, phenylmagnesium bromide is added to form Ph-Si(OEt)3 via a Grignard reaction. Reduction of the resulting Ph-Si(OEt)3 product with LiAlH4 affords phenylsilane.
- Ph-MgBr + Si(OEt)4 → Ph-Si(OEt)3 + MgBr(OEt)
- 4 Ph-Si(OEt)3 + 3 LiAlH4 → 4 Ph-SiH3 + 3 LiAl(OEt)4
- P(CH3)3O + PhSiH3 --> P(CH3)3 + PhSiH2OH
Phenylsilane can also be combined with cesium fluoride. In aprotic solvents, it becomes a nonnucleophilic hydride donor. Specifically, phenylsilane-caesium fluoride has been shown to reduce 4-oxazolium salts to 4-oxazolines. This reduction gives yields of 95%.
- Minge, O.; Mitzel, N. W.; and Schmidbaur, H. Synthetic Pathways to Hydrogen-Rich Polysilylated Arenes from Trialkoxysilanes and Other Precursors. Organometallics 2002, 21, 680-684. doi:10.1021/om0108595
- Weber, W. P. Silicon Reagents for Organic Synthesis. Springer-Verlag: Berlin, 1983. ISBN 0-387-11675-3.
- Fleck, T. J. Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis doi:10.1002/047084289X.rp101