Phetchabun

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This article is about the town Phetchabun. For other uses, see Phetchabun (disambiguation).
Phetchabun
เพชรบูรณ์
Town
Phetchabun is located in Thailand
Phetchabun
Phetchabun
Coordinates: 16°25′1″N 101°9′12″E / 16.41694°N 101.15333°E / 16.41694; 101.15333
Country  Thailand
Provinces Phetchabun Province
Amphoe Mueang Phetchabun District
Elevation 120 m (390 ft)
Population (2005) 23,823
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)

Phetchabun is a town (thesaban mueang) in Thailand, capital of Phetchabun Province. It covers the tambon Nai Mueang of the Phetchabun district, along the Pa Sak River. As of 2005, it had a population of 23,823. Phetchabun lies 340 km north of Bangkok.

Etymology[edit]

From historical evidence, it is believed that Phetchabun was established by two kingdoms, the Sukhothai Kingdom and the Ayutthaya Period of King Narai.[citation needed] Initially the province was called "Phe-cha-buth" as "Phuenchapura"[clarification needed], which means "the town that grows plenty of crops", as the province is very fertile.

Geography[edit]

The Pa Sak River runs through the east side of Phetchabun from north to south. The town lies in a valley; the two ranges of the Phetchabun Mountains rise to both the east and west.

Climate[edit]

Phetchabun has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Winters are dry and very warm. Temperatures rise until April, which is very hot with the average daily maximum at 37.2 °C (99.0 °F). The monsoon season runs from late-April through early October, with heavy rain and somewhat cooler temperatures during the day, with nights remaining warm.


Climate data for Phetchabun (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.6
(99.7)
39.4
(102.9)
42.2
(108)
42.6
(108.7)
41.5
(106.7)
39.9
(103.8)
37.8
(100)
36.5
(97.7)
36.0
(96.8)
35.9
(96.6)
37.2
(99)
36.6
(97.9)
42.6
(108.7)
Average high °C (°F) 32.3
(90.1)
34.7
(94.5)
36.6
(97.9)
37.3
(99.1)
35.0
(95)
33.5
(92.3)
32.7
(90.9)
32.1
(89.8)
32.3
(90.1)
32.2
(90)
31.9
(89.4)
31.0
(87.8)
33.5
(92.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.1
(75.4)
26.5
(79.7)
28.7
(83.7)
29.8
(85.6)
28.8
(83.8)
28.2
(82.8)
27.7
(81.9)
27.3
(81.1)
27.1
(80.8)
26.8
(80.2)
25.4
(77.7)
23.5
(74.3)
27.0
(80.6)
Average low °C (°F) 17.6
(63.7)
19.9
(67.8)
22.5
(72.5)
24.6
(76.3)
24.8
(76.6)
24.7
(76.5)
24.3
(75.7)
24.2
(75.6)
24.0
(75.2)
23.1
(73.6)
20.4
(68.7)
17.3
(63.1)
22.3
(72.1)
Record low °C (°F) 8.5
(47.3)
11.1
(52)
12.1
(53.8)
19.5
(67.1)
21.4
(70.5)
22.0
(71.6)
21.5
(70.7)
21.7
(71.1)
19.6
(67.3)
14.6
(58.3)
8.5
(47.3)
5.5
(41.9)
5.5
(41.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 5.6
(0.22)
16.1
(0.634)
47.9
(1.886)
76.0
(2.992)
162.8
(6.409)
161.7
(6.366)
148.8
(5.858)
199.0
(7.835)
205.7
(8.098)
90.4
(3.559)
11.6
(0.457)
7.8
(0.307)
1,133.4
(44.622)
Average rainy days 1.1 2.0 4.4 8.3 16.1 17.2 18.2 21.2 18.6 11.3 2.4 1.1 121.9
Average relative humidity (%) 66 63 63 67 77 80 82 85 85 80 73 68 74
Mean monthly sunshine hours 257.3 243.0 275.9 243.0 158.1 117.0 120.9 117.8 108.0 198.4 252.0 275.9 2,367.3
Mean daily sunshine hours 8.3 8.6 8.9 8.1 5.1 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.6 6.4 8.4 8.9 6.5
Source #1: Thai Meteorological Department[1]
Source #2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun and humidity)[2]

Transportation[edit]

The main road through the city is Route 21, from Lom Sak to the north through Phetchabun to Chai Badan and Saraburi.

Phetchabun is served by Phetchabun Airport, 29 kilometres (18 mi) to the north.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Climatological Data for the Period 1981–2010". Thai Meteorological Department. p. 7. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "ปริมาณการใช้น้ำของพืชอ้างอิงโดยวิธีของ Penman Monteith (Reference Crop Evapotranspiration by Penman Monteith)" (PDF) (in Thai). Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department. p. 33. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "Phetchabun Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 16°25′1″N 101°09′12″E / 16.41694°N 101.15333°E / 16.41694; 101.15333