Khao Kho National Park at sundown
Mueang Makham Wan
(city of sweet tamarinds)
Map of Thailand highlighting Phetchabun Province
|• Governor||Krit Kongmuang (since October 2020)|
|• Total||12,340 km2 (4,760 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 10th|
|• Rank||Ranked 22nd|
|• Density||80/km2 (200/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||Ranked 62nd|
|Human Achievement Index|
|• HAI (2017)||0.6239 "somewhat high"|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|Calling code||056 & 043|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-67|
Phetchabun (Thai: เพชรบูรณ์, pronounced [pʰét.t͡ɕʰā.būːn]) is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in lower northern Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are (from north clockwise) Loei, Khon Kaen, Chaiyaphum, Lopburi, Nakhon Sawan, Phichit, and Phitsanulok.
Geography and climate
Phetchabun is in the lower northern region of Thailand, in the area between the northern and the central region. The province lies in the broad fertile river valley of the Pa Sak River, with mountains of the Phetchabun mountain range to the east and west.
Khao Kho National Park, Nam Nao National Park, and Tat Mok National Park are all in the province, either entirely or partially. The total forest area is 4,013 km2 (1,549 sq mi) or 32.5 percent of provincial area.
Phetchabun especially Khao Kho is a place with good weather and cold all year round. Therefore, received the nickname "Switzerland of Thailand".
The word phetcha originates from the Sanskrit word vajra meaning "diamond" (or weapon of Indra), and the word bun from Sanskrit purna meaning "full", "perfect" or "whole". Hence the name of the province literally means "perfect diamond".
Initially, the province was called "Phe-cha-buth" as "Phuenchapura", which means the city that has plenty of crops. The reason is that the province is very fertile and has ample resources. Because of the fertility of the land, Phetchabun has always been agriculturally productive area.
In the Thesaphiban administrative reforms at the beginning of the 20th century, the province, together with Lom Sak Province to the north, formed monthon Phetchabun. As it was the smallest monthon, it was also the first monthon to be dissolved in 1915, after being temporarily administered from Monthon Phitsanulok between 1903 and 1907. Lom Sak Province was abolished and merged into Phetchabun in 1932.
During the period between 1968 and 1982 communist insurgents established bases in the mountains in the province. From hidden locations they fought occasional skirmishes against the Thai Army.
The provincial seal shows a diamond on a mountain, as diamonds are found in the province. In the foreground are tobacco plants, as it is one of the crops grown in the province. The provincial tree is the tamarind. Craspedacusta sowerbyi, a rare species of freshwater jellyfish is the provincial aquatic animal. Because Phetchabun is one of the few places in the world, that is the habitat of this species of invertebrates.
Tourism is considered the main industry of the province.
Phetchabun is 346 kilometres from Bangkok by using Route 1 and Route 21.
As of 26 November 2019 there are: one Phetchabun Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 25 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Phetchabun, Wichian Buri and Lom Sak have town (thesaban mueang) status. Further 22 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 102 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).
Human achievement index 2017
|Province Phetchabun, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6239 is "somewhat high", occupies place 16 in the ranking.|
Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.
|1 - 15||"high"|
|16 - 30||"somewhat high"|
|31 - 45||"average"|
|45 - 60||"somewhat low"|
|61 - 77||"low"|
|Map with provinces and HAI 2017 rankings|
- Sweet tamarind
- Arabica coffee
- Khao lam
- Black galingale
- Stevia tea
- Thai vermicelli rice noodles
- Grilled chicken
- Saensak Muangsurin (b. 1950–2009), boxer
- Khaosai Galaxy (b. 1959), boxer, member of the International Boxing Hall of Fame
- Kaokor Galaxy (b. 1959), boxer
- Chana Porpaoin (b. 1966), boxer
- Songkram Porpaoin (b. 1966), boxer
- Sujin Naknayom (b. 1979), footballer
- Chakrit Buathong (b. 1985), footballer
- Sittisak Tarapan (b. 1984), footballer
- "ตารางที่ 2 พี้นที่ป่าไม้ แยกรายจังหวัด พ.ศ.2562" [Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019]. Royal Forest Department (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 6 April 2021, information, Forest statistics Year 2019, Thailand boundary from Department of Provincial Administration in 2013CS1 maint: postscript (link)
- รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ส.2562 [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2019]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
- Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), pages 1-40, maps 1-9, retrieved 14 September 2019, ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1
- "เที่ยวเขาค้อ "สวิสเซอร์แลนด์เมืองไทย" แดนแห่งขุนเขาและทะเลหมอก ณ เมืองเพชรบูรณ์" [Travel to Khao Kho, "Switzerland of Thailand" land of mountains and sea of mist in Phetchabun]. Tong Tua Thai.com (in Thai).
- Thanarutleasakon, k. (2002). Pra – wat – tai – sart – Thai – ched– sib – hoke – jung -wat [Thai history of 76 provinces]. Bangkok : One World Publishing.
- "สัตว์น้ำประจำจังหวัดเพชรบูรณ์" [Provincal aquatic animal]. 4.fisheries.go.th (in Thai). 2018-02-11. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
- "กะหล่ำปลีสีเขียว ๆ ยังมีให้ดูที่ภูทับเบิก" [Green cabbages are also available at Phu Tub Berk]. Ch3 (in Thai). 2017-03-28. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
- "Number of local government organizations by province". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
38 Phetchabun: 1 PAO, 3 Town mun., 22 Subdistrict mun., 102 SAO.