Phi3 Hydrae

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Phi3 Hydrae
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
Constellation Hydra
Right ascension 10h 38m 34.95281s[1]
Declination −16° 52′ 35.6665″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 4.90[2]
Spectral type G8 III[3]
B−V color index 0.912[4]
Radial velocity (Rv) +17.45±0.70[5] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: −98.92[1] mas/yr
Dec.: +25.84[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 15.49 ± 0.57[1] mas
Distance 211 ± 8 ly
(65 ± 2 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) +0.89[6]
Period (P) 1200 d
Eccentricity (e) 0.1
Periastron epoch (T) 2420760 JD
Argument of periastron (ω)
Semi-amplitude (K1)
4.0 km/s
φ3 Lyr A
Mass 2.04[3] M
Radius 9[4] R
Luminosity 48[3] L
Surface gravity (log g) 2.95[6] cgs
Temperature 4,952±17[3] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] −0.22±0.12[6] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 3.6[4] km/s
Age 1.17[3] Gyr
Other designations
φ3 Lyr, BD−16° 3100, FK5 2850, HD 92214, HIP 52085, HR 4171, SAO 156122.[7]
Database references

Phi3 Hydrae (φ3 Hya) is a binary star[2] in the equatorial constellation of Hydra. It originally received the Flamsteed designation of 2 Crateris before being placed in the Hydra constellation.[8] Based upon an annual parallax shift of 15.49 mas as seen from Earth, it is located around 211 light years from the Sun. It is visible to the naked eye with an apparent visual magnitude of 4.90.[2]

This is a single-lined spectroscopic binary star system with an orbital period of about 1,200 days and an eccentricity of 0.1.[2] The primary, component A, is an evolved G-type giant star with a stellar classification of G8 III.[3] It is a red clump star,[9] which means it is generating energy through the fusion of helium at its core. The star has twice[3] the mass of the Sun and has expanded to 9[4] times the Sun's radius. It is 1.17[3] billion years old and is radiating 48[3] times the solar luminosity from its photosphere at an effective temperature of 4,952 K.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d e van Leeuwen, F. (2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, arXiv:0708.1752Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Pourbaix, D.; et al. (September 2004), "SB9: The ninth catalogue of spectroscopic binary orbits", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 424: 727–732, Bibcode:2004A&A...424..727P, arXiv:astro-ph/0406573Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20041213. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Luck, R. Earle (September 2015), "Abundances in the Local Region. I. G and K Giants", The Astronomical Journal, 150 (3): 23, Bibcode:2015AJ....150...88L, arXiv:1507.01466Freely accessible, doi:10.1088/0004-6256/150/3/88, 88. 
  4. ^ a b c d Massarotti, Alessandro; et al. (January 2008), "Rotational and radial velocities for a sample of 761 HIPPARCOS giants and the role of binarity", The Astronomical Journal, 135 (1): 209–231, Bibcode:2008AJ....135..209M, doi:10.1088/0004-6256/135/1/209. 
  5. ^ de Bruijne, J. H. J.; Eilers, A.-C. (October 2012), "Radial velocities for the HIPPARCOS-Gaia Hundred-Thousand-Proper-Motion project", Astronomy & Astrophysics, 546: 14, Bibcode:2012A&A...546A..61D, arXiv:1208.3048Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219219, A61. 
  6. ^ a b c McWilliam, Andrew (1990), "High-resolution spectroscopic survey of 671 GK giants. I - Stellar atmosphere parameters and abundances", The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 74: 1075, Bibcode:1990ApJS...74.1075M, doi:10.1086/191527. 
  7. ^ "phi Hya -- Spectroscopic binary", SIMBAD Astronomical Database, Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg, retrieved 2017-03-17. 
  8. ^ Wagman, M. (August 1987), "Flamsteed's Missing Stars", Journal for the History of Astronomy, 18: 216, Bibcode:1987JHA....18..209W, doi:10.1177/002182868701800305. 
  9. ^ Laney, C. D.; et al. (January 2012), "A new Large Magellanic Cloud K-band distance from precision measurements of nearby red clump stars", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 419 (2): 1637−1641, Bibcode:2012MNRAS.419.1637L, arXiv:1109.4800Freely accessible, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19826.x.