Phi Capricorni

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φ Capricorni
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Capricornus
Right ascension 21h15m37.9s
Declination −20°39′06″
Apparent magnitude (V) +5.17
Distance 690 ± 120 ly
(212 ± 37 pc)
Spectral type K0 II-III[1]
Other designations
28 Capricorni, HR 8127, HD 202320, BD−21°5974, HIP 104963, SAO 190173, GC 29722

Phi Capricorni (φ Cap, φ Capricorni) is a star in the constellation Capricornus. φ Capricorni is an orange K-type bright giant with an apparent magnitude of +5.17. It is approximately 690 light years from Earth.

Chinese Name[edit]

In Chinese, 十二國 (Shíer Guó), meaning Twelve States, refers to an asterism which is represent twelve ancient states in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States period, consisting of φ Capricorni, ι Capricorni, 38 Capricorni, 35 Capricorni, 36 Capricorni, χ Capricorni, θ Capricorni, 30 Capricorni, 33 Capricorni, ζ Capricorni, 19 Capricorni, 26 Capricorni, 27 Capricorni, 20 Capricorni, η Capricorni and 21 Capricorni.[2] Consequently, φ Capricorni itself is represent the state Chu (),[3] together with ε Ophiuchi in Right Wall of Heavenly Market Enclosure (asterism).[4][5]

R.H.Allen had opinion that φ Capricorni, together with χ Capricorni, were represent the state Wei (魏).[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Houk, N.; Smith-Moore, M. (1988). "Michigan Catalogue of Two-dimensional Spectral Types for the HD Stars. Volume 4, Declinations -26°.0 to -12°.0". Michigan Catalogue of Two-dimensional Spectral Types for the HD Stars. Volume 4. Bibcode:1988MSS...C04....0H. 
  2. ^ (Chinese) 中國星座神話, written by 陳久金. Published by 台灣書房出版有限公司, 2005, ISBN 978-986-7332-25-7.
  3. ^ (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 4 日
  4. ^ (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 24 日
  5. ^ Richard Hinckley Allen: Star Names — Their Lore and Meaning: Ophiuchus
  6. ^ Richard Hinckley Allen: Star Names — Their Lore and Meaning: Capricornus